The Soyuz GVK is a Russian uncrewed cargo spacecraft currently under development, with its first flight expected to occur in 2022. Like the uncrewed Progress cargo spacecraft, the Soyuz GVK is based on the crewed Soyuz spacecraft. However, the Soyuz GVK will be capable of returning to Earth and bringing cargo back whereas the Progress burns up in Earth's atmosphere upon the end of its mission. Currently, the only resupply spacecraft capable of bringing cargo down from orbit is the SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft. Soyuz GVK will be able to deliver 2,000 kg to orbit and return 500 kg back to Earth.
It is planned to launch on board a Soyuz 2.1b booster.
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- "РКК «Энергия»: старт беспилотного «Союза МС» планируется в августе 2019 года". RKK Energia. 18 May 2018. https://www.energia.ru/ru/news/news-2018/news_05-18.html.
- "Retrievable Progress GVK spacecraft". http://www.russianspaceweb.com/progress_gvk.html. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
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