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ABINIT is an open-source suite of programs for materials science, distributed under the GNU General Public License. ABINIT implements density functional theory, using a plane wave basis set and pseudopotentials, to compute the electronic density and derived properties of materials ranging from molecules to surfaces to solids. It is developed collaboratively by researchers throughout the world.[1][2][3][4]

A web-based easy-to-use graphical version, which includes access to a limited set of ABINIT's full functionality, is available for free use through the nanohub.


ABINIT implements density functional theory by solving the Kohn–Sham equations describing the electrons in a material, expanded in a plane wave basis set and using a self-consistent conjugate gradient method to determine the energy minimum. Computational efficiency is achieved through the use of fast Fourier transforms,[5] and pseudopotentials to describe core electrons. As an alternative to standard norm-conserving pseudopotentials, the projector augmented-wave method[6] may be used. In addition to total energy, forces and stresses are also calculated so that geometry optimizations and ab initio molecular dynamics may be carried out. Materials that can be treated by ABINIT include insulators, metals, and magnetically ordered systems including Mott-Hubbard insulators.

Derived properties

In addition to computing the electronic ground state of materials, ABINIT implements density functional perturbation theory to compute response functions including

  • Phonons
  • Dielectric response
  • Born effective charges and IR oscillator strength tensor
  • Response to strain and elastic properties
  • Nonlinear responses, including piezoelectric response, Raman cross sections, and electro-optic response.

ABINIT can also compute excited state properties via

See also

  • List of quantum chemistry and solid state physics software


  1. X. Gonze; J.-M. Beuken; R. Caracas; F. Detraux; M. Fuchs; G.-M. Rignanese; L. Sindic; M. Verstraete et al. (2002). "First-principles computation of material properties: the ABINIT software project". Computational Materials Science 25 (3): 478. doi:10.1016/S0927-0256(02)00325-7. 
  2. X. Gonze; G.-M. Rignanese; M. Verstraete; J.-M. Beuken; Y. Pouillon; R. Caracas; F. Jollet; M. Torrent et al. (2005). "A brief introduction to the ABINIT software package". Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 220 (5/6): 558–562. doi:10.1524/zkri.220.5.558.65066. ISSN 2196-7105. Bibcode2005ZK....220..558G. 
  3. X. Gonze; B. Amadon; P.-M. Anglade; J.-M. Beuken; F. Bottin; P. Boulanger; F. Bruneval; D. Caliste et al. (2009). "ABINIT: First-principles approach to material and nanosystem properties". Computer Physics Communications 180 (12): 2582. doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2009.07.007. Bibcode2009CoPhC.180.2582G. 
  4. Gonze, X.; Jollet, F.; Abreu Araujo, F.; Adams, D.; Amadon, B.; Applencourt, T.; Audouze, C.; Beuken, J.-M. et al. (2016). "Recent developments in the ABINIT software package". Computer Physics Communications 205: 106–131. doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2016.04.003. ISSN 00104655. Bibcode2016CoPhC.205..106G. 
  5. S. Goedecker (1997). "Fast Radix 2, 3, 4, and 5 Kernels for Fast Fourier Transformations on Computers with Overlapping Multiply--Add Instructions". SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing 18 (6): 1605. doi:10.1137/S1064827595281940. 
  6. M. Torrent; F. Jollet; F. Bottin; G. Zérah; X. Gonze (2008). "Implementation of the projector augmented-wave method in the ABINIT code: Application to the study of iron under pressure". Computational Materials Science 42 (2): 337. doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2007.07.020. 

External links