HandWiki:Computers

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This portal is dedicated to computer science, computational science and software engineering topics, covering computers, programming languages, software algorithms (numerical and non-numerical), mathematical models, computational models, and computer simulations.


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Main topics

  1. 68k architecture
  2. Acid tests
  3. Ad hoc routing protocols
  4. Aggregation-based digital libraries
  5. Ajax (programming)
  6. Ambient intelligence
  7. Analog computers
  8. Anti-patterns
  9. Application layer protocols
  10. Application programming interfaces
  11. Application-specific graphs
  12. Applications of computer vision
  13. Applied machine learning
  14. Approximation theory
  15. Architectural pattern (computer science)
  16. Areas of computer science
  17. Argument technology
  18. Articles with example ALGOL 60 code
  19. Artificial intelligence
  20. Artificial life
  21. Artificial life models
  22. As a service
  23. Aspect-oriented programming
  24. Assemblers
  25. Associative arrays
  26. Augmented reality
  27. Authenticated-encryption schemes
  28. Authentication methods
  29. Authentication protocols
  30. Automata (computation)
  31. Automatic memory management
  32. Backward compatibility
  33. Base-dependent integer sequences
  34. Binary arithmetic
  35. Binary sequences
  36. Blockchains
  37. Braille patterns
  38. Brain–computer interfacing
  39. Broken hash functions
  40. Capacity-achieving codes
  41. Capacity-approaching codes
  42. Cascading Style Sheets
  43. Cellular automata
  44. Cellular automaton patterns
  45. Cellular automaton rules
  46. Central processing unit
  47. Certificate authorities
  48. Character encoding
  49. Character sets
  50. Cisco protocols
  51. Class (computer programming)
  52. Classes of computers
  53. Clear text protocols
  54. Cloud infrastructure
  55. Cloud platforms
  56. Cloud robotics
  57. Cognitive architecture
  58. Cognitive science
  59. Collaborative writing
  60. Color space
  61. Communications protocols
  62. Comparison sorts
  63. Complex systems theory
  64. Complexity classes
  65. Computational anatomy
  66. Computational archaeology
  67. Computational complexity theory
  68. Computational fields of study
  69. Computational learning theory
  70. Computational linguistics
  71. Computational mathematics
  72. Computational neuroscience
  73. Computational phylogenetics
  74. Computational problems
  75. Computational resources
  76. Computational science
  77. Computer access control
  78. Computer access control protocols
  79. Computer accessibility
  80. Computer algebra
  81. Computer architecture
  82. Computer archives
  83. Computer arithmetic
  84. Computer configuration
  85. Computer engineering
  86. Computer error messages
  87. Computer errors
  88. Computer forensics
  89. Computer hardware
  90. Computer jargon
  91. Computer law
  92. Computer libraries
  93. Computer logging
  94. Computer memory
  95. Computer occupations
  96. Computer optimization
  97. Computer performance
  98. Computer programming
  99. Computer science
  100. Computer science journals
  101. Computer systems
  102. Computer viruses
  103. Computer vision
  104. Computer-aided engineering
  105. Computer-assisted translation
  106. Computer-mediated communication
  107. Computers and the environment
  108. Concurrency (computer science)
  109. Concurrency control
  110. Concurrent programming libraries
  111. Conditional constructs
  112. Constraint programming
  113. Control engineering
  114. Control flow
  115. Control theory
  116. Convex hulls
  117. Convex optimization
  118. Cyberinfrastructure
  119. Cybernetics
  120. Cyclic redundancy checks
  121. DNS record types
  122. DOS memory management
  123. DOS technology
  124. Declarative programming
  125. Deep learning
  126. Deep packet inspection
  127. Dependently typed programming
  128. Descriptive complexity
  129. Digital humanities
  130. Digital libraries
  131. Digital press
  132. Digital registers
  133. Digital signal processing
  134. Digital signature schemes
  135. Digital typography
  136. Digital watermarking
  137. Disk cloning
  138. Disk encryption
  139. Disk partitions
  140. Distributed version control systems
  141. Domain name system
  142. Domain names
  143. Domain registries
  144. Dynamic programming
  145. Dynamic systems development method
  146. Electronic documents
  147. Electronic publishing
  148. Email authentication
  149. Embedded operating systems
  150. Embedded systems
  151. Enactive cognition
  152. Enterprise application integration
  153. Error detection and correction
  154. Evaluation of machine translation
  155. Evaluation strategy
  156. Evolutionary computation
  157. Extendable-output functions
  158. Extreme programming
  159. Face recognition
  160. Fagan inspection
  161. Fault tolerance
  162. Fault-tolerant computer systems
  163. Feature detection (computer vision)
  164. Federated identity
  165. Finite model theory
  166. Floating point
  167. Floating point types
  168. Formal methods
  169. Free content licenses
  170. Functional programming
  171. Gate arrays
  172. Gene expression programming
  173. Generic programming
  174. Genetic programming
  175. Glossaries of computers
  176. Graph families
  177. Hard disk drives
  178. Hardware acceleration
  179. Hardware partitioning
  180. Hardware virtualization
  181. Hash functions
  182. Homomorphic encryption
  183. Human–computer interaction
  184. Hypercomputation
  185. Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  186. IEEE 802.11
  187. IP addresses
  188. IPA typefaces
  189. IPv6 transition technologies
  190. Identifiers
  191. Identity management
  192. Injection exploits
  193. Input methods
  194. Input/output
  195. Instant messaging protocols
  196. Instruction processing
  197. Instruction set architectures
  198. Integrated hydrologic modelling
  199. Inter-process communication
  200. Interactive evolutionary computation
  201. Internal DOS commands
  202. Internationalization and localization
  203. Interoperability
  204. Interrupts
  205. Intrusion detection systems
  206. Iteration in programming
  207. Iterative methods
  208. Kernel methods for machine learning
  209. Key derivation functions
  210. Lightweight Unix-like systems
  211. Limits of computation
  212. Linear programming
  213. Link access protocols
  214. Link analysis
  215. Link protocols
  216. Literate programming
  217. Logic in computer science
  218. Logic programming
  219. Logical link control
  220. MIPS architecture
  221. MIPS implementations
  222. Mac OS character encodings
  223. Machine code
  224. Machine learning
  225. Machine translation
  226. Machine vision
  227. Mainframe computers
  228. Manycore processors
  229. Mass digitization
  230. Massively parallel computers
  231. Mathematical science occupations
  232. Mathematical theorems in theoretical computer science
  233. Mathematics-related lists
  234. Measures of complexity
  235. Mechanical calculators
  236. Mechanical computers
  237. Media access control
  238. Memory management
  239. Message authentication codes
  240. Metaprogramming
  241. Microkernels
  242. Microsoft BASIC
  243. Middleware
  244. Mixed reality
  245. Models of computation
  246. Monolithic kernels
  247. Monospaced typefaces
  248. Multi-agent systems
  249. Multimodal interaction
  250. Multiplexing
  251. NEC supercomputers
  252. NIST hash function competition
  253. NP-complete problems
  254. Nature-inspired metaheuristics
  255. Net neutrality
  256. Non-uniform random numbers
  257. Non-volatile memory
  258. Nonlinear control
  259. OSI protocols
  260. Object (computer science)
  261. Object recognition and categorization
  262. Object-oriented operating systems
  263. Object-oriented programming
  264. Object-relational mapping
  265. Online analytical processing
  266. Online content distribution
  267. Online encyclopedias
  268. Open science
  269. Open-access archives
  270. Open-source artificial intelligence
  271. Open-source hardware
  272. Open-source typefaces
  273. OpenCL compute devices
  274. Operating system APIs
  275. Operating system technology
  276. Operating systems
  277. Operations research
  278. Operators (programming)
  279. Optical character recognition
  280. Oriented matroids
  281. P-complete problems
  282. POSIX error codes
  283. Parameterized complexity
  284. Password authentication
  285. Patch utilities
  286. Pattern matching
  287. Peer-to-peer
  288. Perspective projection
  289. Physical layer protocols
  290. Polymorphism (computer science)
  291. Polynomial-time problems
  292. PostScript
  293. Presentation layer protocols
  294. Primitive types
  295. Printing terminology
  296. Probabilistic complexity classes
  297. Probabilistic models
  298. Program analysis
  299. Programmable logic controllers
  300. Programming constructs
  301. Programming idioms
  302. Programming paradigms
  303. Programming principles
  304. Prototype-based programming
  305. Pseudorandomness
  306. Public key infrastructure
  307. Push technology
  308. Quantitative research
  309. Quantum Monte Carlo
  310. Quantum gates
  311. Quantum programming
  312. Quasirandomness
  313. Random number generation
  314. Random text generation
  315. Ranking functions
  316. Real-time operating systems
  317. Real-time simulation
  318. Records management
  319. Records management technology
  320. Regular expressions
  321. Remote desktop protocols
  322. Remote procedure call
  323. Robot kinematics
  324. Routing protocols
  325. Run-time systems
  326. Scientific modeling
  327. Search engine optimization
  328. Secure communication
  329. Semantic HTML
  330. Sequential experiments
  331. Sequential methods
  332. Serial buses
  333. Server hardware
  334. Signal processing metrics
  335. Simulation
  336. Solid-state caching
  337. Source code
  338. Source code generation
  339. Spam filtering
  340. Speech codecs
  341. Speech recognition
  342. Speech synthesis
  343. Stack-based virtual machines
  344. Static program analysis
  345. Statistical process control
  346. Statistics-related lists
  347. Stereoscopy
  348. Stochastic optimization
  349. Stochastic simulation
  350. Streaming media systems
  351. String (computer science)
  352. String similarity measures
  353. Subfields of computer science
  354. Subroutines
  355. Substring indices
  356. Supercomputer benchmarks
  357. Supercomputers
  358. Supertasks
  359. Support vector machines
  360. Synchronization
  361. System administration
  362. System calls
  363. Systems management
  364. Systems science
  365. Systems theory
  366. Technical communication
  367. Technology forecasting
  368. Telecommunication theory
  369. Teleconferencing
  370. Telemarketing
  371. Template engines
  372. Terms of service
  373. Ternary computers
  374. Text editor features
  375. Text mining
  376. Text user interface
  377. Texture compression
  378. Texture filtering
  379. Texture mapping
  380. Theoretical computer science
  381. Theory of computation
  382. Time-sharing operating systems
  383. Transaction processing
  384. Transactional memory
  385. Transmission Control Protocol
  386. Transport layer protocols
  387. Triplestores
  388. Trojan horses
  389. Tunneling protocols
  390. Turing machine
  391. Type systems
  392. Type theory
  393. Types of RAM
  394. Types of malware
  395. URI schemes
  396. Unicode blocks
  397. Unified serif and sans-serif typeface families
  398. Unique identifiers
  399. Units of temporal rate
  400. Unix variants
  401. Unsolved problems in computer science
  402. Usability inspection
  403. User interface techniques
  404. User interfaces
  405. Variable (computer science)
  406. Variance reduction
  407. Vector supercomputers
  408. Version control
  409. Version control systems
  410. Virtual machines
  411. Virtual memory
  412. Virtual reality
  413. VoIP protocols
  414. Wikipedia-derived encyclopedias
  415. Windows communication and services
  416. Wireless access points
  417. X86 architecture
  418. X86 instructions
  419. X86 memory management
  420. X86 operating modes
  421. XNS based protocols

Computing

  1. Advanced RISC Computing
  2. Applications of distributed computing
  3. Applicative computing systems
  4. Benchmarks (computing)
  5. Cache (computing)
  6. Clients (computing)
  7. Clipboard (computing)
  8. Cloud computing
  9. Cluster computing
  10. Computing and society
  11. Computing commands
  12. Computing input devices
  13. Computing output devices
  14. Computing platforms
  15. Computing terminology
  16. Computing timelines
  17. Computing websites
  18. Computing-related lists
  19. Concurrent computing
  20. Distributed computing
  21. Distributed computing architecture
  22. Distributed computing problems
  23. Distributed computing projects
  24. Events (computing)
  25. Grid computing
  26. Grid computing projects
  27. High-availability cluster computing
  28. Industrial computing
  29. Interpreters (computing)
  30. Load balancing (computing)
  31. Parallel computing
  32. Peer-to-peer computing
  33. Personal computing
  34. Physical computing
  35. Process (computing)
  36. Quantum computing
  37. Real-time computing
  38. Reconfigurable computing
  39. Routers (computing)
  40. Scheduling (computing)
  41. Servers (computing)
  42. Service-oriented (business computing)
  43. Supercomputing
  44. Surface computing
  45. Threads (computing)
  46. Trusted computing
  47. Ubiquitous computing
  48. Virtual Network Computing

File Storage and File Formats

  1. 3D graphics file formats
  2. Abstract data types
  3. Algorithmic information theory
  4. Amortized data structures
  5. Archive formats
  6. Audio file formats
  7. Automatic identification and data capture
  8. Bibliography file formats
  9. Binary-to-text encoding formats
  10. Bioinformatics algorithms
  11. CAD file formats
  12. Chemical file formats
  13. Cloud databases
  14. Cloud storage
  15. Cloud storage gateways
  16. Composite data types
  17. Compression file systems
  18. Computer data storage
  19. Computer file formats
  20. Computer file systems
  21. Computer files
  22. Computer graphics data structures
  23. Computer storage devices
  24. Computer storage media
  25. Data access technologies
  26. Data breaches
  27. Data compression
  28. Data differencing
  29. Data erasure
  30. Data interchange standards
  31. Data management
  32. Data mapping
  33. Data partitioning
  34. Data protection
  35. Data quality
  36. Data recovery
  37. Data security
  38. Data serialization formats
  39. Data storage
  40. Data structures
  41. Data synchronization
  42. Data transmission
  43. Data types
  44. Data warehousing
  45. Data-centric programming languages
  46. Database access protocols
  47. Database algorithms
  48. Database constraints
  49. Database index techniques
  50. Database models
  51. Database normalization
  52. Database theory
  53. Digital container formats
  54. Discontinued media formats
  55. Disk file systems
  56. Distributed data storage
  57. Distributed data stores
  58. Distributed file systems
  59. Document-oriented databases
  60. Earth sciences data formats
  61. Executable file formats
  62. File Transfer Protocol
  63. File archivers
  64. File hosting
  65. File sharing
  66. File sharing networks
  67. File system management
  68. File systems supported by the Linux kernel
  69. File transfer protocols
  70. Filename extensions
  71. Flash file systems
  72. Font formats
  73. Free digital container formats
  74. Free special-purpose file systems
  75. Functional data structures
  76. Graphics file formats
  77. Hash based data structures
  78. Heaps (data structures)
  79. IBM file systems
  80. Information
  81. Information assurance standards
  82. Information governance
  83. Information retrieval
  84. Information science
  85. Information systems
  86. Information technology
  87. Information technology management
  88. Information theory
  89. Kinetic data structures
  90. Lexical databases
  91. Lists of file formats
  92. Metadata registry
  93. Metadata standards
  94. Microformats
  95. Network file systems
  96. Network file transfer protocols
  97. Network-attached storage
  98. Open formats
  99. Packets (information technology)
  100. Peer-to-peer file sharing
  101. Playlist file formats
  102. Program transformation
  103. Quantum information science
  104. Quantum information theory
  105. SQL data access
  106. Shared disk file systems
  107. Solid-state computer storage media
  108. Special-purpose file systems
  109. Statistical data coding
  110. Storage area networks
  111. Storage systems
  112. Storage virtualization
  113. String data structures
  114. Structured storage
  115. Text file formats
  116. Transformation languages
  117. Translation databases
  118. Unicode Transformation Formats
  119. Units of information
  120. Unix file system technology
  121. Userspace file systems
  122. Vector graphics file formats
  123. Video formats
  124. Web syndication formats
  125. XML data access

Computer Video, Audio and Imaging

  1. 3D computer graphics
  2. 3D graphics file formats
  3. 3D imaging
  4. 3D rendering
  5. Animation techniques
  6. Audio codecs
  7. Audio file formats
  8. Audio mixing
  9. Audio network protocols
  10. Audio programming languages
  11. Computer animation
  12. Computer graphic artifacts
  13. Computer graphic techniques
  14. Computer graphics
  15. Computer graphics algorithms
  16. Computer graphics data structures
  17. Cryptographic algorithms
  18. Cryptographic attacks
  19. Cryptographic hash functions
  20. Cryptographic primitives
  21. Cryptographic protocols
  22. Digital audio
  23. Digital audio recording
  24. Digital geometry
  25. Digital imaging
  26. Disk images
  27. Geometry in computer vision
  28. Graphical control elements
  29. Graphical terminals
  30. Graphical user interface elements
  31. Graphical user interfaces
  32. Graphics chips
  33. Graphics file formats
  34. Graphics hardware
  35. Graphics processing units
  36. Graphics standards
  37. Hash function (non-cryptographic)
  38. Image compression
  39. Image impedance filters
  40. Image scanning
  41. Image segmentation
  42. Infographics
  43. Mesh generation
  44. Mesh networking
  45. Noise (graphics)
  46. Ray tracing (graphics)
  47. Scalable Vector Graphics
  48. Special effects
  49. Vector graphics
  50. Vector graphics file formats
  51. Vector graphics markup languages
  52. Video codecs
  53. Video compression
  54. Video formats
  55. Video hosting
  56. Video on demand services
  57. Video signal
  58. Visualization (graphic)

Internet and Network

  1. Anonymity networks
  2. Archive networks
  3. Audio network protocols
  4. Computer network analysis
  5. Computer network security
  6. Computer networking
  7. Computer networks
  8. Computing websites
  9. File sharing networks
  10. Interbank networks
  11. Internet Protocol
  12. Internet Standards
  13. Internet access
  14. Internet architecture
  15. Internet censorship
  16. Internet governance
  17. Internet layer protocols
  18. Internet mail protocols
  19. Internet privacy
  20. Internet protocols
  21. Internet safety
  22. Internet search algorithms
  23. Internet security
  24. Internet television
  25. Internet terminology
  26. Local area networks
  27. Markov networks
  28. Mesh networking
  29. Network acceleration
  30. Network access
  31. Network addressing
  32. Network analysis
  33. Network architecture
  34. Network file systems
  35. Network file transfer protocols
  36. Network layer protocols
  37. Network management
  38. Network performance
  39. Network protocols
  40. Network scheduling algorithms
  41. Network socket
  42. Network topology
  43. Network-attached storage
  44. Networking algorithms
  45. Networking hardware
  46. Networking standards
  47. Personal area networks
  48. Responsive web design
  49. Semantic Web
  50. Social networks
  51. Storage area networks
  52. Virtual Network Computing
  53. Virtual private networks
  54. Web analytics
  55. Web caching protocol
  56. Web conferencing
  57. Web design
  58. Web development
  59. Web fiction
  60. Web programming
  61. Web security exploits
  62. Web service specifications
  63. Web shells
  64. Web standards
  65. Web syndication formats
  66. Web technology
  67. Website management
  68. Wide area networks
  69. Wireless sensor network
  70. World Wide Web
  71. World Wide Web Consortium standards

Security and Privacy

  1. Applications of cryptography
  2. Broken cryptography algorithms
  3. Computer network security
  4. Computer security
  5. Computer security exploits
  6. Computer security models
  7. Computer security procedures
  8. Computer security qualifications
  9. Computer security standards
  10. Crypto-anarchism
  11. Cryptographic algorithms
  12. Cryptographic attacks
  13. Cryptographic hash functions
  14. Cryptographic primitives
  15. Cryptographic protocols
  16. Cryptography
  17. Cryptography standards
  18. Cyberattacks
  19. Cyberspace
  20. Cyberwarfare
  21. Data security
  22. Denial-of-service attacks
  23. Elliptic curve cryptography
  24. Hacking (computer security)
  25. Hash function (non-cryptographic)
  26. Hash-based cryptography
  27. Identity-based cryptography
  28. Internet privacy
  29. Internet security
  30. Mobile security
  31. Operating system security
  32. Pairing-based cryptography
  33. Post-quantum cryptography
  34. Public-key cryptography
  35. Quantum cryptography
  36. Security breaches
  37. Security compliance
  38. Security identifier types
  39. Social engineering (computer security)
  40. Theory of cryptography
  41. Transport Layer Security
  42. Transport Layer Security implementation
  43. Types of cyberattacks
  44. Web security exploits

Software technologies

  1. Copyright infringement of software
  2. Free Software Foundation
  3. Free and open-source software licenses
  4. Free software culture and documents
  5. Free software movement
  6. Permissive software licenses
  7. Software analysis patterns
  8. Software architecture
  9. Software bugs
  10. Software by type
  11. Software cracking
  12. Software delivery methods
  13. Software design
  14. Software design patterns
  15. Software development
  16. Software development philosophies
  17. Software development process
  18. Software distribution
  19. Software engineering
  20. Software engineering terminology
  21. Software features
  22. Software industry
  23. Software licenses
  24. Software maintenance
  25. Software metrics
  26. Software modeling language
  27. Software optimization
  28. Software project management
  29. Software quality
  30. Software release
  31. Software requirements
  32. Software review
  33. Software testing
  34. Software using the BSD license
  35. Software-defined radio
  36. Utility software types

Algorithms

  1. Algorithmic information theory
  2. Algorithms on strings
  3. Analysis of parallel algorithms
  4. Anti-aliasing algorithms
  5. Asymmetric-key algorithms
  6. Bioinformatics algorithms
  7. Broken cryptography algorithms
  8. Checksum algorithms
  9. Compiler optimizations
  10. Computer arithmetic algorithms
  11. Computer graphics algorithms
  12. Computer optimization
  13. Concurrency control algorithms
  14. Concurrent algorithms
  15. Convex optimization
  16. Cryptographic algorithms
  17. Database algorithms
  18. Distributed algorithms
  19. Evolutionary algorithms
  20. External memory algorithms
  21. Fingerprinting algorithms
  22. Genetic algorithms
  23. Geometric algorithms
  24. Global illumination algorithms
  25. Image impedance filters
  26. Internet search algorithms
  27. Lossless compression algorithms
  28. Lossy compression algorithms
  29. Machine learning algorithms
  30. Memory management algorithms
  31. Network scheduling algorithms
  32. Networking algorithms
  33. Padding algorithms
  34. Parsing algorithms
  35. Pseudo-polynomial time algorithms
  36. Quantum algorithms
  37. Routing algorithms
  38. Scheduling algorithms
  39. Search algorithms
  40. Search engine optimization
  41. Sequence alignment algorithms
  42. Software optimization
  43. Sorting algorithms
  44. Spam filtering
  45. Stochastic optimization
  46. Texture filtering
  47. Unicode algorithms

Standards

  1. 3GPP standards
  2. Advanced Encryption Standard
  3. Atom (standard)
  4. C standard library headers
  5. Cloud standards
  6. Computer display standards
  7. Computer security standards
  8. Computer standards
  9. Cryptography standards
  10. Data interchange standards
  11. Digital Signature Standard
  12. Ecma standards
  13. Ethernet standards
  14. Graphics standards
  15. IEC standards
  16. IEEE standards
  17. ISO standards
  18. Information assurance standards
  19. International Standard Book Number
  20. Internet Standards
  21. Metadata standards
  22. Networking standards
  23. Open Group standards
  24. Programming language standards
  25. Programming languages with an ISO standard
  26. Unix standards
  27. Web standards
  28. World Wide Web Consortium standards
  29. XML-based standards

Computer Languages and Compilers

  1. APL programming language family
  2. Academic programming languages
  3. Ada (programming language)
  4. Ada programming language family
  5. Agent-based programming languages
  6. Agent-oriented programming languages
  7. Algebraic modeling languages
  8. Algol programming language family
  9. Array programming languages
  10. Assembly languages
  11. Audio programming languages
  12. BASIC compilers
  13. BASIC programming language
  14. BASIC programming language family
  15. C (programming language)
  16. C Sharp programming language family
  17. C compilers
  18. C programming language family
  19. C++ compilers
  20. C++ programming language family
  21. CFML programming language
  22. Class-based programming languages
  23. Compiler construction
  24. Compiler optimizations
  25. Compiler theory
  26. Computer languages
  27. Concatenative programming languages
  28. Concurrent programming languages
  29. Constraint programming languages
  30. Constructed languages
  31. Criticisms of programming languages
  32. Cross-compilers
  33. Data-centric programming languages
  34. Declarative markup languages
  35. Declarative programming languages
  36. Delphi (programming language)
  37. Dependently typed languages
  38. Discontinued programming languages
  39. Domain-specific knowledge representation languages
  40. Domain-specific programming languages
  41. Dylan (programming language)
  42. Dynamic programming languages
  43. Dynamically typed programming languages
  44. Educational programming languages
  45. Erlang (programming language)
  46. Experimental programming languages
  47. Extensible syntax programming languages
  48. Formal languages
  49. Formal specification languages
  50. Forth programming language family
  51. Fortran compilers
  52. Fortran programming language family
  53. Fourth-generation programming languages
  54. Free compilers and interpreters
  55. Function-level languages
  56. Functional languages
  57. Functional logic programming languages
  58. Go (programming language)
  59. Graph description languages
  60. Hardware description languages
  61. Haskell programming language family
  62. High-level programming languages
  63. Homoiconic programming languages
  64. ICL programming languages
  65. Icon programming language family
  66. Implementation of functional programming languages
  67. JOSS programming language family
  68. JVM programming languages
  69. Java (programming language)
  70. Java compilers
  71. Java device platform
  72. Java platform
  73. Java programming language family
  74. Java specification requests
  75. Java virtual machine
  76. JavaScript
  77. JavaScript dialect engines
  78. JavaScript programming language family
  79. Knowledge representation languages
  80. Language modeling
  81. Lightweight markup languages
  82. Lisp (programming language)
  83. Lisp programming language family
  84. Lists of programming languages
  85. Logic programming languages
  86. Logo programming language family
  87. ML programming language family
  88. MUMPS programming language family
  89. Macro programming languages
  90. Markup language comparisons
  91. Markup languages
  92. Modeling languages
  93. Modula programming language family
  94. Multi-paradigm programming languages
  95. Natural language generation
  96. Natural language parsing
  97. Natural language processing
  98. Nondeterministic programming languages
  99. Numerical programming languages
  100. Oberon programming language family
  101. Object-based programming languages
  102. Object-oriented programming languages
  103. Objective-C
  104. Page description markup languages
  105. Pascal (programming language)
  106. Pascal compilers
  107. Pascal programming language family
  108. Pattern matching programming languages
  109. Playlist markup languages
  110. Procedural programming languages
  111. Programming language classification
  112. Programming language comparisons
  113. Programming language concepts
  114. Programming language design
  115. Programming language implementation
  116. Programming language semantics
  117. Programming language standards
  118. Programming language syntax
  119. Programming language theory
  120. Programming language topics
  121. Programming languages
  122. Programming languages with an ISO standard
  123. Prolog programming language family
  124. Prototype-based programming languages
  125. Python (programming language)
  126. Query languages
  127. R (programming language)
  128. Rexx (programming language)
  129. Robot programming languages
  130. Ruby (programming language)
  131. Rust (programming language)
  132. SNOBOL programming language family
  133. Scala (programming language)
  134. Scheme (programming language)
  135. Scheme (programming language) implementations
  136. Scheme (programming language) interpreters
  137. Scripting languages
  138. Shading languages
  139. Simulation programming languages
  140. Smalltalk programming language family
  141. Software modeling language
  142. Specification languages
  143. Stack-oriented programming languages
  144. Statically typed programming languages
  145. Statistical natural language processing
  146. Statistical programming languages
  147. Structured programming languages
  148. Stylesheet languages
  149. Synchronous programming languages
  150. Systems Modeling Language
  151. Systems programming languages
  152. Tcl programming language family
  153. Term-rewriting programming languages
  154. Text-oriented programming languages
  155. Transformation languages
  156. Unified Modeling Language
  157. Unified Modeling Language diagrams
  158. User interface markup languages
  159. Vector graphics markup languages
  160. Visual programming languages
  161. Workflow languages
  162. XBase programming language family
  163. XML markup languages
  164. XML-based programming languages