In 1999, the term was used by Dave Thomas, co-author of the book The Pragmatic Programmer, in a bow to the Japanese concept of kata in the martial arts. The concept was implemented by Laurent Bossavit and Emmanuel Gaillot who talked about it at XP2005 in Sheffield (UK). Following this conference, Robert C. Martin described the concept and initial usages in his article "The Programming Dojo".
- Martin, Robert C. (2011). The Clean Coder: A Code of Conduct for Professional Programmers. Pearson Education. ISBN 9780137081073.