Medicine:Harris platelet syndrome

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Harris platelet syndrome

Harris platelet syndrome (HPS) is the most common inherited giant platelet disorder.[1][2]


HPS was identified among healthy blood donors in the north-eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, characterized by absent bleeding symptoms, mild to severe thrombocytopenia (platelets rarely < 50 × 109/L) with giant platelets (Mean platelet volume 10fL) and normal platelet aggregation studies with absent MYH9 mutation.[1][2]

In the blood donors with HPS authors found a statistically higher MPV, RDW and a lower platelet count and platelet biomass.[3]


At present the diagnosis of HPS is made by ascertaining the ethnicity of the patient, as well as assessing for conditions causing acquired thrombocytopenias, and after also excluding the known inherited giant platelet disorders(IGPD) and other congenital thrombocytopenias. Unfortunately some patients with IGPD are treated inappropriately with corticosteroids, immunoglobulin infusions and even splenectomy.[4]



It is extremely important to recognize Harris platelet syndrome, as one third the population of certain parts of Indian subcontinent is affected.[5]


In 2002, this syndrome was called "asymptomatic constitutional macro thrombocytopenia" (ACMT).[1]

In 2005, to avoid confusion between ACMT and congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (CAMT) this CAMT entity was referred as Harris platelet syndrome.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Asymptomatic constitutional macrothrombocytopenia among West Bengal blood donors". Am. J. Med. 112 (9): 742–3. June 2002. doi:10.1016/S0002-9343(02)01114-2. PMID 12079722. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Harris syndrome - a geographic perspective". J. Thromb. Haemost. 3 (11): 2581–2. November 2005. doi:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2005.01601.x. PMID 16241959. 
  3. "Platelet and red blood cell indices in Harris platelet syndrome". Platelets 21 (4): 303–6. 2010. doi:10.3109/09537101003615402. PMID 20201635. 
  4. "Identification of inherited macrothrombocytopenias based on mean platelet volume among patients diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenia". Thromb. Res. 119 (6): 741–6. 2007. doi:10.1016/j.thromres.2006.06.011. PMID 16916536. 
  5. "Harris platelet syndrome--underdiagnosed and unrecognized". Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 132 (10): 1546; author reply reply 1546. October 2008. doi:10.5858/2008-132-1546a-HPSUAU. PMID 18834201.