Biography:Robert Spencer Stone

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Short description: Canadian-American radiologist
Robert Spencer Stone
Robert Spencer Stone.jpg
Born(1895-06-05)June 5, 1895
Chatham, ON
DiedDecember 18, 1966(1966-12-18) (aged 71)
San Francisco, CA
Alma materUniversity of Toronto
Scientific career
FieldsRadiology, Physics

Robert Spencer Stone (June 5, 1895- December 18, 1966)[1] was a Canadian-American physician who served as head of the Health Division of the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory as part of the Manhattan Project.[2] He oversaw experiments in which test subjects were injected with radioactive materials such as plutonium in order to measure their metabolism and excretion.

Prior to his work in the Manhattan Project, Robert Stone performed clinical trials in which cancer patients were exposed to radiation. In 1942, Stone was invited to work at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory to oversee research into the safety of radiation exposure.[3]

His research during the Manhattan Project has been subject to controversy, as test subjects were exposed to radioactive materials without informed consent. His research methods were the subject of investigation by the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments created by U.S. President Bill Clinton in 1994.[4]


  1. University of Toronto; Smith, G. Oswald (1921). University of Toronto Roll of Service, 1914-1918.. Toronto Public Library : Toronto Reference Library. University of Toronto Press. 
  2. "Decision on Chemical Extraction". 
  3. Welsome, Eileen (1999). The Plutonium Files. 
  4. United States. Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (1995). Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments : final report. NIH Library. Washington, D.C. : Joseph Henry Press. ISBN 978-0-309-05343-3.