Biology:Acanthocephalus (worm)

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Short description: Genus of thorny-headed worms

Acanthocephalus
Acanthocephalus parallelcementglandatus.tif
Acanthocephalus parallelcementglandatus from Clarias batrachus. 15) Holotype male. Note the piercing of the incomplete outer proboscis receptacle posteriorly with retractor muscles. 16) A typical hook near the middle of the proboscis 17. Proboscis 18) Posterior part of the reproductive system showing detail of the parallel cement glands, common cement ducts, and sperm duct system (dotted).
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Acanthocephala
Class: Palaeacanthocephala
Order: Echinorhynchida
Family: Echinorhynchidae
Genus: Acanthocephalus
Koelreuter, 1771
Species

see text

Acanthocephalus is a genus of parasitic worms. One of the species in this genus is Acanthocephalus anguillae (Mueller, 1780), a fish parasite. Acanthocephalans are also found in humans and primates, causing a common zoonotic infection called "human acanthocephaliasis". While pathogens can be transferred among animals and humans, the main source of human acanthocephaliasis is the diet of infected raw fish and insects (Lotfy, 2020).

Contains the following species:

  • Acanthocephalus acutispinus Machado, 1891
  • Acanthocephalus acutulus Van Cleave, 1931
  • Acanthocephalus alabamensis Amin and Williams, 1983
  • Acanthocephalus anguillae (Mueller, 1780)
  • Acanthocephalus anthuris (Dujardin, 1845)
  • Acanthocephalus balkanicus Batchvoarov, 1974
  • Acanthocephalus breviprostatus Kennedy, 1982
  • Acanthocephalus bufonis Burton & Pichelin, 1999 [1]
  • Acanthocephalus clavula (Dujardin, 1845)
  • Acanthocephalus correalimai Machado, 1970
  • Acanthocephalus criniae Anow, 1971
  • Acanthocephalus curtus (Achenrov, et al., 1941)
  • Acanthocephalus dirus (Van Cleave, 1931)
  • Acanthocephalus domerguei (Golvan, et al., 1972
  • Acanthocephalus echigoensis Fujita, 1920
  • Acanthocephalus elongatus Van Cleave, 1937
  • Acanthocephalus falcatus (Froelich, 1789)
  • Acanthocephalus fluviatilis Paperna, 1964
  • Acanthocephalus galaxii Hine, 1977
  • Acanthocephalus goaensis Jain and Gupta, 1981
  • Acanthocephalus gotoi Van Cleave, 1925
  • Acanthocephalus graciliacanthus Meyer, 1932
  • Acanthocephalus haranti Golvan and Oliver, 1969
  • Acanthocephalus hastae Bayliss, 1944
  • Acanthocephalus japonicus (Fukui and Morisita, 1936)
  • Acanthocephalus kaskmirensis Datta, 1936
  • Acanthocephalus kubulensis Datta and Soota, 1956
  • Acanthocephalus lucidus Van Cleave, 1925
  • Acanthocephalus lucii (Müller, 1776)
  • Acanthocephalus lutzi (Linstow, 1896)
  • Acanthocephalus madagascariensis Golvan, 1965
  • Acanthocephalus minor Yamaguti, 1935
  • Acanthocephalus nanus Van Cleave, 1925
  • Acanthocephalus opsariichthydis
  • Acanthocephalus parallelcementglandatus Amin, Heckmann & Ha, 2014 [2]
  • Acanthocephalus parallelotestis Achmerov, et al., 1941
  • Acanthocephalus paronai (Condorelli, 1897)
  • Acanthocephalus pesteri Tadros, 1966
  • Acanthocephalus ranae (Schrank, 1788)
  • Acanthocephalus rauschi (Schmidt, 1969)
  • Acanthocephalus reunionensis Smales, Sasal & Taraschewski, 2007 [3]
  • Acanthocephalus sameguiensis
  • Acanthocephalus serendibensis Crusz and Mills, 1970
  • Acanthocephalus srilankensis Crusz and Ching, 1976
  • Acanthocephalus tahleguahensis Oetinger and Buckner, 1976
  • Acanthocephalus tenuirostris (Achmerov, et al., 1941)
  • Acanthocephalus tigrinae (Shipley, 1903)
  • Acanthocephalus tumescens (Linstow, 1896)

References

  1. Barton, D.P.; Pichelin, S. (2014). "Acanthocephalus bufonis (Acanthocephala) from Bufo marinus (Bufonidae: Amphibia) in Hawaii". Parasite 6 (3): 269–272. doi:10.1051/parasite/1999063269.  open access
  2. Amin, Omar Mohamed; Heckmann, Richard Anderson; Ha, Nguyen Van (2014). "Acanthocephalans from fishes and amphibians in Vietnam, with descriptions of five new species". Parasite 21: 53. doi:10.1051/parasite/2014052. PMID 25331738.  open access
  3. Smales, L.R.; Sasal, P.; Taraschewski, H. (2007). "Acanthocephalus reunionensis n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Echinorhynchidae), a parasite of Anguilla species (Anguillidae) from Reunion Island". Parasite 14 (2): 131–134. doi:10.1051/parasite/2007142131. ISSN 1252-607X.  open access
  • Lotfy, Wael M. (2020). "Neglected rare human parasitic infections: Part III: Acanthocephaliasis". Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Matrouh University, Egypt, Vol. 13.

See also Wikidata entry Q291636.