Biology:Aesculus turbinata

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Short description: Species of tree

Aesculus turbinata
Aesculus turbinata 7.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Aesculus
Species:
A. turbinata
Binomial name
Aesculus turbinata
Blume
Synonyms[1][2][3]
  • Aesculus turbinata f. pubescens (Rehder) Ohwi ex Yas Endo
  • Aesculus turbinata var. pubescens Rehder
  • Aesculus dissimilis Blume
  • Pawia dissimilis Kuntze
  • Pawia turbinata Kuntze

Aesculus turbinata, common name Japanese horse-chestnut (Tochinoki or Tochi (トチノキ(栃の木) or トチ(栃、橡))), is native to Japan but cultivated elsewhere. It is a tree up to 30 m (98 ft) tall. Flowers are white to pale yellowish with red spots. Capsules are dark brown, obovoid to pyriform.[4][1] The seeds were traditionally eaten, after leaching, by the Jōmon people of Japan over about four millennia, until 300 AD.[5] Today the seeds are used in Japanese cuisine to prepare "Tochimochi".

Etymology

Aesculus was named by Linnaeus, and the name is derived from the Roman name, aesculus, of the durmast oak.[6]

Turbinata means ‘conical’, ‘turbinate’, or ‘top-shaped’.[6]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Flora of China vol 12 page 4.
  2. Tropicos Aesculus turbinata
  3. Plant list Aesculus turbinata
  4. Blume, Rumphia. 3: 195. 1847.
  5. Harlan, Jack R. (1995). The Living Fields: Our Agricultural Heritage (1. publ. ed.). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-521-40112-7. Harlan cites Akazawa, T & Aikens, CM, Prehistoric Hunter-Gathers in Japan (1986), Univ. Tokyo Press; and cites Aikens, CM & Higachi, T, Prehistory of Japan (1982), NY Academic Press.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN:9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN:9780521685535 (paperback). p 38, 391

Wikidata ☰ Q1132580 entry