Biology:Diuris chryseopsis

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Short description: Species of orchid

Common golden moths
Diuris chryseopsis (Golden Moths). (24370963703).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Genus: Diuris
D. chryseopsis
Binomial name
Diuris chryseopsis

Diuris chryseopsis, commonly known as common golden moths[2] or the small snake orchid,[3] is a species of orchid that is endemic to south-eastern Australia . It is a common and widespread species growing in woodland, often in colonies and has up to four drooping, golden-yellow flowers. It is similar to several other orchids and form hybrids with some other Diuris species.


Diuris chryseopsis is a tuberous, perennial herb with two to five, sometimes up to eight green, linear leaves 50–220 mm (2–9 in) long, 2–3.5 mm (0.08–0.1 in) wide in a loose tuft. Up to four drooping, lemon yellow flowers with brownish markings and 17–30 mm (0.7–1 in) wide are borne on a flowering stem 100–300 mm (4–10 in) tall. The dorsal sepal is more or less erect, egg-shaped to lance-shaped, 10–15 mm (0.4–0.6 in) long, 4–8 mm (0.2–0.3 in) wide. The lateral sepals are linear to lance-shaped, 15–25 mm (0.6–1 in) long, 2–3.5 mm (0.08–0.1 in) wide, and turned downwards. The petals are lance-shaped to narrow egg-shaped, 8–20 mm (0.3–0.8 in) long, 3.5–7 mm (0.1–0.3 in) wide on a blackish stalk 3–5 mm (0.1–0.2 in) long and are directed sideways. The labellum is 14–20 mm (0.6–0.8 in) long and has three lobes. The centre lobe is egg-shaped to heart-shaped, 9–16 mm (0.4–0.6 in) long and 7–12 mm (0.3–0.5 in) wide and the side lobes are oblong to wedge-shaped, 2–3.5 mm (0.08–0.1 in) long and 1–2 mm (0.04–0.08 in) wide. The labellum callus is densely hairy or pimply near its base and tapers towards the tip of the labellum. Flowering occurs from August to October.[2][4][5][6]

Taxonomy and naming

Diuris chryseopsis was first formally described in 1998 by David Jones from a specimen collected in a paddock near the Symmons Plains Raceway.[7] The specific epithet (chryseopsis) is derived from the Ancient Greek words chryseos meaning "golden"[8]:372 and opsis meaning "sight", "look" or "appearance",[8]:313 referring to the colour of the flowers.[4]

Distribution and habitat

Common golden moths grows in moist places in forest, woodland and grassland. It is found in south-eastern New South Wales, Tasmania and in Victoria where it is widespread and common. It may also occur in south-eastern South Australia. It is similar to other Diuris species and often forms hybrids with some that occur in the same area.[2][5][9]

See also

  • Golden Sun Moth (Synemon plana), a critically endangered moth with a similar name, found in grasslands of South-East Australia.


  1. "Diuris chryseopsis". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Jones, David L. (2006). A complete guide to native orchids of Australia including the island territories. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.: New Holland. p. 126. ISBN 1877069124. 
  3. "Diuris chyrseopsis". Yarra Ranges Shire Council. Retrieved 7 March 2018. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Jones, David L. (1998). "Contributions to Tasmanian Orchidology". Australian Orchid Research 3: 74–75. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jeanes, Jeff; Stajsic, Val. "Diuris chryseopsis". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 7 March 2018. 
  6. Longmore, Sue; Smithyman, Steve; Crawley, Matt (2010). Inland Plants of the Bellarine Peninsula. Bellarine Catchment Network. 
  7. "Duiris chryseopsis". APNI. Retrieved 7 March 2018. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. 
  9. "Diuris chryseopsis". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 7 March 2018. 

Wikidata ☰ Q4358576 entry