Biology:Epidendrum cornutum

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Short description: Species of orchid

Epidendrum cornutum
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Genus: Epidendrum
Subgenus: Epidendrum subg. Spathium
E. cornutum
Binomial name
Epidendrum cornutum

Epidendrum anthoceros Lind. & Rchb.f. (1854)
Epidendrum Pavonianum Rchb.f. (1856)
Epidendrum melinoacron Schltr. (1921) [1]

Epidendrum cornutum is the accepted name[2] for a species of Epidendrum native to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela at altitudes of 2.4–3 km.

The stem of this epiphyte is covered by close, tubular sheathes which bear bamboo-like (lnarrow, linear-lanceolate, very acute, with a cuneate sessile base) leaves on the upper part of the stem. The foot-long terminal inflorescence emerges from 1—3 large sheathes which completely cover the peduncle, and ends in a densely flowered raceme of fragrant, fleshy, flowers with filiform petals and a deeply three-lobed lip with slightly denticulate margins.[3] The flower color can be white, light yellow, light green, or tan.


The identity of this taxon has been confused by the publication, in 1894, of a description of Stanhopea oculata (first described in 1832) under the name Epidendrum cornutum.


External links

Wikidata ☰ Q5382751 entry