Biology:Euphorbia antiquorum

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Short description: Species of succulent

Euphorbia antiquorum
Euphorbia antiquorum (Euphorbia mayuranathanii) - Botanischer Garten - Heidelberg, Germany - DSC01386.jpg
CITES Appendix II (CITES)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
E. antiquorum
Binomial name
Euphorbia antiquorum
  • Euphorbia arborescens Roxb.
  • Euphorbia mayuranathanii Croizat
  • Tithymalus antiquorus (L.) Moench

Euphorbia antiquorum, known as antique spurge and "Euphorbia of the Ancients", is a species of succulent plant in the family Euphorbiaceae. It is widespread throughout peninsular India, but its wild origin is obscure. Escaped or naturalized and widely cultivated in neighbouring regions, such as Burma, China, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam, and in many tropical zones worldwide.[3]

The juice of this plant is a potent ingredient for a mixture of wall plaster, according to the Samarāṅgaṇa Sūtradhāra, which is a Sanskrit treatise dealing with Śilpaśāstra (Hindu science of art and construction).[4]

This species is the type species of the genus Euphorbia.

As most other succulent members of the genus Euphorbia, its trade is regulated under Appendix II of CITES.[5]

See also


  1. "Appendices | CITES". 
  2. Euphorbia antiquorum L. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science. (n.d.). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved May 3, 2022, from–1
  3. "Euphorbia antiquorum". 
  4. Nardi, Isabella (2007). The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting. Routledge. pp. 121. ISBN 978-1134165230. 
  5. "Species+". 

External links

Wikidata ☰ Q419654 entry