Biology:Hymenaea protera

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Short description: Extinct species of legume

Hymenaea protera
Temporal range: Eocene
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Hymenaea
H. protera
Binomial name
Hymenaea protera

Hymenaea protera is an extinct prehistoric leguminous tree, the probable ancestor[verification needed] of present-day Hymenaea species. Most neotropical ambers come from its fossilized resin, including the famous Dominican amber.

H. protera once grew in an extensive range stretching from southern Mexico down to the Proto-greater Antilles, across northern South America, and on to the African continent. Both morphology and DNA studies have revealed that H. protera was more closely related to the only species of Hymenaea remaining in East Africa than to the more numerous American species.

In 1993, chloroplast DNA dated at 35–40 million years old[citation needed] was extracted from the leaf of H. protera, preserved in a fossil amber from the La Toca mines, Dominican Republic.


  • Briggs, Dered E. G. & Crowther, Peter R. (Eds.). (2003). Palaeobiology II. Blackwell Science. ISBN:0-632-05149-3.
  • Willis, K. J. & McElwain, J. C. (2002). The Evolution of Plants. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN:0-19-850065-3.

External links

Wikidata ☰ Q3775503 entry