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Short description: Family of gastropods

Ercolania kencolesi.png
Ercolania kencolesi inside of Boergesenia cf. forbesii. Locality: Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. The length of the slug is about 0.5 cm
Scientific classification

Gray, 1847[1]

See text.

  • Pontolimacidae Keferstein, 1863
  • Stiligeridae Iredale & O'Donoghue, 1923
  • Oleidae O'Donoghue, 1926
  • Alderiidae Pruvot-Fol, 1954
  • Ercolaniinae Schmekel & Portmann, 1982
  • Costasiellidae K. B. Clark, 1984

Limapontiidae is a taxonomic family of small to minute sacoglossan sea slugs. These are marine opisthobranch gastropod mollusks.[2]

These sea slugs resemble nudibranchs, but are not closely related to them. Most of the species are green because of the green algae they eat and live on.

In the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005), the former family Stiligeridae is described as a synonym of the family Limapontiidae Gray, 1847, belonging to the superfamily Limapontioidea Jensen, 1996.

This family has no subfamilies.


The following genera belong to the family Limapontiidae:[3][4]

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Alderina Pruvot-Fol, 1954 : synonym of Alderella Odhner in Franc, 1968
  • Chalidis Quatrefages, 1844 : synonym of Limapontia Johnston, 1836
  • Custiphorus Deshayes, 1853 : synonym of Calliopaea d'Orbigny, 1837
  • Laura Trinchese, 1873 : synonym of Placida Trinchese, 1876


  1. Gray J. E. (1847). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 15: 167.
  2. Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2011). Limapontiidae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2011-04-12
  3. Jensen K. R. (1996). "Phylogenetic systematics and classification of the Sacoglossa (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia)". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London B Biological Sciences 351(1335 ): 91-122. doi:10.1098/rstb.1996.0006.
  4. Händeler, K.; Grzymbowski, Y. P.; Krug, P. J.; Wägele, H. (2009). "Functional chloroplasts in metazoan cells - a unique evolutionary strategy in animal life". Frontiers in Zoology 6 (1): 28. doi:10.1186/1742-9994-6-28. PMID 19951407. 
  5. Swennen C. (31 August 2007). "Costasiella coronata, new species, and a revised diagnosis for the Family Costasiellidae (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa)". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55(2) : 355-362. PDF
  6. Krug, P. J.; Wong, N. L. W.; Medina, M. R.; Gosliner, T. M.; Valdés, Á. A. (2018). "Cryptic speciation yields remarkable mimics: A new genus of sea slugs that masquerade as toxic algae (Caulerpa spp.)". Zoologica Scripta 47 (6): 699–713. doi:10.1111/zsc.12310. 
  • Jensen K.R. (2007) Biogeography of the Sacoglossa (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 55:255–281.

Wikidata ☰ Q3202119 entry