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Short description: Genus of pine relatives

Temporal range: Middle Jurassic–Recent
Sciadopitys verticillata (koyamaki, or Japanese umbrella-pine) - Flickr - S. Rae (1).jpg
Sciadopitys verticillata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Gymnosperms
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Sciadopityaceae
  • Sciadopitys
  • Sciadopitycutis
  • Sciadopityoides
  • Sciadopityostrobus
  • Sciadopityspollenites
  • Sciadopitytes
  • Zhangoxylon[1]

Sciadopityaceae, commonly called umbrella pines, is a family of conifers now endemic to Japan . The sole living member of the family is Sciadopitys verticillata, while several several extinct genera are known from the fossil record. Wood suggested to belong to the family has been reported from the Jurassic of China,[1][2] though the relationship of pre-Cretaceous fossils to Sciadopitys is ambiguous. Sciadopitys species are known from the Late Cretaceous of Japan before becoming widespread across Laurasia during most of the Cenozoic, especially in Europe until the Pliocene.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jiang, Z.; Tian, N.; Wang, Y.; Li, Y.; Zheng, S.; Xie, A.; Zhu, Y. (2022). "A new structurally preserved fossil umbrella pine from the Jurassic of East Asia". Geological Journal 57 (9): 3521–3537. doi:10.1002/gj.4467. 
  2. Jiang, ZiKun; Wang, YongDong; Zheng, ShaoLin; Zhang, Wu; Tian, Ning (2012-02-01). "Occurrence of Sciadopitys-like fossil wood (Coniferales) in the Jurassic of western Liaoning and its evolutionary implications" (in en). Chinese Science Bulletin 57 (6): 569–572. doi:10.1007/s11434-011-4850-z. ISSN 1861-9541. 
  3. Hofmann, Christa-Ch.; Odgerel, Nyamsambuu; Seyfullah, Leyla J. (2021). "The occurrence of pollen of Sciadopityaceae Luerss. through time" (in en). Fossil Imprint 77 (2): 271–281. doi:10.37520/fi.2021.019. ISSN 2533-4069. 

Wikidata ☰ Q520165 entry