Biology:Spinifex (coastal grass)

From HandWiki
(Redirected from Biology:Spinifex hirsutus)
Short description: Genus of grasses

Spinifex longifolius in the Grant Marine Park in Cottesloe, Western Australia..JPG
Spinifex longifolius
Grant Marine Park
Cottesloe, Western Australia.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Genus: Spinifex
Type species
Spinifex squarrosus
(syn of S. littoreus)[1]
  • Ixalum G.Forst
Spinifex seed head, resting on the beach.

Spinifex is a genus of perennial coastal plants in the grass family.[2][3][4][5]

They are one of the most common plants that grow in sand dunes along the coasts of Africa, Middle East, Asia, Australia , New Zealand, and New Caledonia, with the ranges of some species extending north and west along the coasts of Asia as far as India and Japan .[6] As they help stabilise the sand, these grasses are an important part of the entire sand dune ecosystem. The single species indigenous to New Zealand, Spinifex sericeus,[7] is also found in Australia .[8]

Confusingly, the word "spinifex" is also used as a common name referring to grasses in the related genus Triodia. Triodia however is native to inland Australia and refers to a group of spiny-leaved, tussock-forming grasses.


Species include:[1][9]

Formerly included

Species formerly included:[1]

  • Spinifex paradoxus (now Zygochloa paradoxa)


Wikidata ☰ Q138801 entry