Finance:There is no alternative

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A German political poster with the slogan "Es Gibt Keine Alternative" (1994)

"There is no alternative" (TINA) was a slogan often used by the Conservative British prime minister Margaret Thatcher.[1]

The phrase was used to signify Thatcher's claim that the market economy is the only system that works, and that debate about this is over. One critic characterized the meaning of the slogan as "Globalised capitalism, so called free-markets and free trade were the best ways to build wealth, distribute services and grow a society's economy. Deregulation's good, if not God."[2] By contrast, Thatcher described her support of markets as flowing from a more basic moral argument. Specifically, she argued that the market-principle of choice flows from the moral principle that for human behavior to be moral requires free-choice by people.[1]

Historically, the phrase may be traced to its emphatic use by the 19th-century classical liberal thinker Herbert Spencer in his Social Statics.[3][non-primary source needed] Opponents of the principle used it in a derisory manner. For instance, cabinet minister Norman St John-Stevas, one of the leading "wets", nicknamed Thatcher "Tina".

In recent years, the phrase has been widely used in the financial markets. Strategist Jason Trennert, Chairman of Strategas, was the first to popularize the term among the investment community in an op-ed in The Wall Street Journal in April 2013. In it, he suggested that stocks were the only alternative for institutional investors needing a certain return in a world of perpetually low interest rates and financial repression.

Angela Merkel's use of the term alternativlos (literally "alternative-less"; without alternative) in relation to her responses to the European sovereign-debt crisis in 2010 led to the term becoming Un-word of the year.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Berlinski, Claire (8 November 2011) (in English). There Is No Alternative: Why Margaret Thatcher Matters (2nd ed.). Basic Books. ISBN 978-0465031214. 
  2. Flanders, Laura (April 12, 2013). "At Thatcher's Funeral, Bury TINA, Too". The Nation. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  3. Spencer, Herbert (1851). Social Statics. John Chapman. pp. 42, 307. 

External links