# HandWiki:Help/Articles

## Article Acceptance Policy

We believe in the original spirit of Wikipedia - any information from scholars must have rights for publication on Wiki-style resources. Therefore, we accept all encyclopedic articles related to science, programming and computers. These articles should contain useful information and have at least one reference to an external source that supports the content of this research information. The external sources can journal articles, preprints, arxiv.org, preprints.org, high-quality blogs, web pages and other. However, such articles should not be advertisements for any product, company or service. For advertisements, consider sponsorship opportunities.

HandWiki is better suited for new and original content by professionals since HandWiki editors are researchers with verified credentials, HandWiki's "article notability" concept only requires at least one external reference. HandWiki can also be used for books, manuals etc. where many articles should be grouped under a single namespace to create tables of contents.

## How to create a HandWiki article

Registered users can create articles in the usual MediaWiki style. See Special:CreateAccount about how to create a HandWiki account. An easy way to create a new article, manual, monograph and a book is to use the Article creation wizard:

(login required). Select a topic and type the name of the future article. The next page gives some suggestion for similar articles. If you do not see your article among the existing, click the new UR and press "Create".

You can also import the existing Wikipedia articles. Instead typing a name of the new article, copy and paste the full URL of the Wikipedia article. For example, if you write

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ShareLaTeX


This will reformat the Wikipedia article and update the internal links. If the Wikipedia article has the prefix "Draft:", this prefix will be removed.

If you have a source code of a Wikipedia article (or article from any MediaWiki), you can use HandWiki conversion tool to transform this article to the HandWiki style. This tool will correct all internal links using HandWiki namespaces.

## Using Sandbox

If you cannot register with ORCiD but still want to contribute to HandWiki, use HandWiki sandbox to create draft articles. These articles are monitored and can be moved by registered users to the HandWiki.

If you want to correct the existing HandWiki article, one can copy and paste its wikicode (see the top-right bottom "View source") to SandBox, and make modifications in SandBox.

## Manual creation of articles

https://handwiki.org/wiki/article


This means you now create an article in the "Main" namespace. As a rule, such articles should be about computing, i.e. mathematical, statistical, computers and programming language terms. Such terms should be sufficiently general and can be shared by many fields of formal and natural sciences. Do not forget to add the corresponding category at the button of the page as seen here:

[[Category:My category]]

All categories can be found in Special:Categories. For example, if you describe a programming language, add this:

[[Category:Programming languages]]

All other articles for a certain topic should be created in a dedicated MediaWiki namespace.

i.e. as "Namespace:article", where "Namespace" refers to a specific topic or "portal".


For example, an article about physics should be posted to the portal Physics as:

https://handwiki.org/wiki/Physics:article


The following dedicated namespaces/portal are available to created an articles (100-5000 words):

The main page of a portal is indicated at the top menu of HandWiki using capital letters. Note that the column ":" at the end of the namespace is important. It indicates the "namespace (or portal) of the articles. The current number of articles per portal in October 2021 is given below:

Main Topics Nr of articles
HandWiki main pages 116
Math, Analysis, Computing 59886
Astronomy & Space 47545
Biology 457752
Chemistry 31303
Engineering & Technology 53122
Physics 19403
Philosophy 8218
Medicine 12919
Social studies 14850
Earth studies 14750
Unsolved problems 4632
Auxilary topics:
Software programs & libraries 41017
Biographies of researches 31549
Organizations 16948
Companies 16234

In addition, HandWiki has books, tutorials, monographs and manuals which are not included in the above summary.

## Books, Manuals and Monographs

There are 3 special namespaces (portals) that should be used to create books and manual. They are not topic specific, so they can be used for any scientific field. These portals are:

• Book: (one book can use several wiki pages)
• Manual: (one manual can use several wiki pages)
• Monograph: (one monograph uses a single wiki page)

A single book typically uses many wiki pages. You can find an example in here. You should contact admin@handwiki.org if you would like to start a new book that uses multiple pages, so an administrator will create a dedicated top-level page. Manuals have a similar structure as the books, but they discuss technical aspects.

A monograph is "a detailed study on a single specialized subject". A monograph should use a single wiki page located inside the namespace "Monograph:". To create a monograph, simply create a page:

https://handwiki.org/wiki/Monograph:Title


where "Title" is the title of your monograph. The title will be included to the table of content automatically, as you can see in HandWiki Monographs.

Using "underscore (topic)" style for the names of the articles (similar to Wikipedia/Everipedia) is discouraged. Doing so makes the names of the articles too long. If a term belongs to a particular topic, move it under the appropriate namespace, i.e. "Calorimeter_(physics)" should be moved to "Physics:Calorimeter".

In addition, one can create more extended "lectures" or "online books" using this method:

https://handwiki.org/wiki/Physics:Title/chapter1
https://handwiki.org/wiki/Physics:Title/chapter2


where "Title" is the name of the book (which is, obviously, about physics since it is located in the "Physics" namespace). In this case, one can create a table of content from chapter1" and "chapter2" automatically.

If manuals or lectures are inside a dedicated namespace (i.e. Physics:Title), it is also possible to protect such material from editing by other users or attaching a more restrictive license. This is especially important for various manuals where editing by other users is not a good option.

Here is an example of creating wiki that represents "manual" or "book" on rare diseases:

You can use this example to create your own wiki with a well-defined topic.

## Creating a biography

The namespace "Biography:" is used to document biographies of prominent researches. If a HandWiki article contains a reference to a work of a researcher, than this researcher can be described in the "Biography:" namespace. The entry should be added as:

https://handwiki.org/wiki/Biography:FirstName_FamilyName


A biography must contain internal links to the HandWiki articles where his/her work is easy to identify (i.e. it should contain a reference on articles in peer-reviewed journals and where your contribution is clearly stated). The reason for this is that the automatic scripts used by HandWiki may remove biographies that do not link any internal articles with your name, or references.

A biography should have the category listed in HandWiki:Biography, otherwise it will be difficult to find it.

## Articles based on Wikipedia text

Short encyclopedic HandWiki articles can be sourced from Wikipedia and similar resources. Such articles can be modified and extended. They can be put back to Wikipedia, Everipedia, and other similar public resources.

Articles based on Wikipedia text are allowed to re-post as long as they have external references. However, such articles should not violate  Wikipedia:Copyrights. Most Wikipedia articles are licensed under the CC BY-SA license, meaning that one can re-post and transform the text. But you need to indicate that the article is based on the Wikipedia text, and add a reference to the original Wikipedia article to the end of your new article. You can do this in the following way: after moving the article from Wikipedia, add the following line to the end of this text:

{{Sourceattribution|Zygo Corporation}}


which will show this box:

When you import an Wikipedia article automatically using Article Creation Wizard, this box is added automatically. If you post an article which was previously (permanently) removed from Wikipedia, you do not need to add this reference.

Authors can add their signature / credentials at the bottom each article. To do this, use Author template. The advantage of this approach that the author name is the part of the article. The author name will be scanned by search engines. It will stay under the article even if the article is moved or exported.

For example, this line:

{{Author|David Murkov|username}}

Author: David Murkov username (contribution) (talk)

One can add multiple authors at the bottom of articles.

## Protected namespaces

If you would like to create an article that is only visible for registered users, use the namespace called "Private:". For example, this article Private:UploadBibTex can only be seen for the registered users since it is under the "Private" namespace:

https://handwiki.org/wiki/Private:UploadBibTex


Note that such articles are not scanned by external search engines.