Medicine:List of cancer clusters

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This is a list of cancer clusters. A cancer cluster is a statistical event, which may or may not have a cause other than chance. There are other cancer clusters that occur without any obvious source of carcinogens.

North America
Date Disease Location Number Source Refs
1917–1927 Osteosarcoma New Jersey, Connecticut, Illinois 86 Radium [1][2]
1938–1971 Adenocarcinoma U.S. 750 diethylstilbestrol [3][4]
?-2018 Various cancers St. Louis, Missouri 56 Uranium [5]
1967–1973 Liver angiosarcoma (Hemangiosarcoma) Louisville, Kentucky 4 vinyl chloride monomer [6]
1968–1995 Leukemia, Lymphoma Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (see Camp Lejeune water contamination) 13[note 1] trichloroethylene
methylene chloride
vinyl chloride
1979–1996 Brain, CNS cancer Toms River, New Jersey 90+ SAN trimer
1973–1986 Leukemia Woburn, Massachusetts 21 Chloroform
1982–1984 Testicular cancer Fulton County, New York 3 dimethylformamide (DMF)
2-ethoxyethyl acetate
1987–1999 Brain cancer, Leukemia, Lymphoma Wilmington, Massachusetts 20 Unknown
N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)
1993–2008 Childhood brain cancer, brain tumors, colon cancer, anal cancer, rectal cancer, breast cancer. Also nervous system damaged. The Acreage, Florida unknown Unknown-Some have linked it to a nearby Pratt and Whitney, Beach Aggregates, and the Florida crystals. [18]
1997–2002 Leukemia, rhabdomyosarcoma Fallon, Nevada 17 Unknown
Benzene in jet fuel
1996–2013 Leukemia, Brain Tumors, lymphoma, Other Forms Clyde, Ohio (see: Clyde cancer cluster) 36 Mostly Children Unknown [23]
1953–2010 wide range of cancers Shannon, Quebec 400 trichloroethylene [24][25]
Date Disease Location Number Source Refs
1968–1995 Leukemia Seascale, Sellafield, England 9 Unsure
studies indicate a correlation with paternal preconceptional irradiation (PPI)
1978–1993 Leukemia La Hague, Normandy, France 27 Unknown
(speculated to be tritium)
1980s Leukemia, Brain tumors East Yorkshire, UK 13 Unproven link to Capper Pass tin smelter in Melton; Polonium 210, Lead, Arsenic and other metal emitter [30][31][32][33]
1990–2005 Leukemia Krümmel (Kruemmel), Elbmarsch, Germany 16 Unknown
(speculated to be actinide, especially Plutonium241 of unknown origin that was found in the area or tritium from a nearby nuclear power plant)
Date Disease Location Number Source Refs
mid 1980s Skin Lesions, Arsenicosis West Bengal, India Unknown Arsenic [36]


  1. Out of 106 suspected health problems, 52 were confirmed, including 13 hematopoietic cancers and 39 birth defects.[7]


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  7. 7.0 7.1 "Camp Lejeune, North Carolina: Health Study Activities Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)". US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). September 16, 2010. 
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  12. "BEHA Reports - Woburn, Massachusetts". Massachusetts Department of Public Health and Bureau of Environmental Health Assessment. 1997. 
  13. Costas, Kevin; Knorr, Robert S; Condon, Suzanne K (2002). "A case–control study of childhood leukemia in Woburn, Massachusetts: The relationship between leukemia incidence and exposure to public drinking water". Science of the Total Environment 300 (1–3): 23–35. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00169-9. PMID 12685468. Bibcode2002ScTEn.300...23C. 
  14. Centers for Disease Control (1989). "Testicular cancer in leather workers--Fulton County, New York". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 38 (7): 105–6, 111–4. PMID 2536886. 
  15. "Bureau of Environmental Health Assessment". Wilmington Childhood Cancer Study. Massachusetts Department of Public Health. 2002. 
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  18. Malek, Mitra (September 13, 2010). "New data confirms Acreage cancer cluster; health officials puzzled on cause of children's ailments". The Palm Beach Post. 
  19. "Cancer Clusters - Churchill County (Fallon), Nevada Exposure Assessment". National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2004. 
  20. Steinmaus, Craig; Lu, Meng; Todd, Randall L; Smith, Allan H (2004). "Probability estimates for the unique childhood leukemia cluster in Fallon, Nevada, and risks near other U.S. Military aviation facilities". Environmental Health Perspectives 112 (6): 766–71. doi:10.1289/ehp.6592. PMID 15121523. 
  21. "Nevada". U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 
  22. Mullen, Frank (February 27, 2005). "Scientists zero in on tungsten as Fallon cancer cause". Reno Gazette-Journal. 
  23. Seewer, John (December 30, 2010). "Ohio child cancers confound parents, investigators". Associated Press. 
  24. "Quebec town demands compensation for tainted water". CBC News. June 10, 2009. 
  25. Asselin, Pierre (January 4, 2010). "Eau contaminée de Shannon: le nombre de maladies répertoriées augmente" (in fr). Le Soleil. 
  26. Gardner, Martin J. (1991). "Father's occupational exposure to radiation and the raised level of childhood leukemia near the Sellafield nuclear plant". Environmental Health Perspectives 94: 5–7. doi:10.2307/3431285. PMID 1954939. 
  27. Dickinson, Heather O.; Parker, Louise (2002). "Leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in children of male Sellafield radiation workers". International Journal of Cancer 99 (3): 437–44. doi:10.1002/ijc.10385. PMID 11992415. 
  28. Pobel, D.; Viel, J.-F. (1997). "Case-control study of leukaemia among young people near La Hague nuclear reprocessing plant: The environmental hypothesis revisited". BMJ 314 (7074): 101–6. doi:10.1136/bmj.314.7074.101. PMID 9006467. 
  29. Seth, Anita (1997). "Leukemia Clusters Near La Hague and Sellafield". Energy & Security (Institute for Energy and Environmental Research) (4): 14. 
  30. M S Baxter; B W East; A B MacKenzie; E M Scott (1990). A Review of radioactivity in and around the Capper Pass smelter, Melton Works, North Humberside, a report prepared for the East Yorkshire Health Authority, February 1990. Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre. 
  31. Radioactivity. 176. Hansard, House of Commons. 19 July 1990. cc.1283. "We cannot, in any way, attribute excess cancers to the practices at, or discharges from, the plant. All we can say in summary is that there is far too little information on which to form a sound judgment (quoted from report)". 
  32. Sources:
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  35. Brüske-Hohlfeld, I; Scherb, H; Bauchinger, M; Schmid, E; Fender, H; Wolf, G; Obe, G; Schmitz-Feuerhake, I et al. (2001). "A cluster of childhood leukaemias near two neighbouring nuclear installations in Northern Germany: Prevalence of chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes". International Journal of Radiation Biology 77 (1): 111–6. doi:10.1080/095530001453177. PMID 11213343. 
  36. Métral, Jerome; Charlet, Laurent; Bureau, Sara; Mallik, Sukumar; Chakraborty, Sudipta; Ahmed, Kazi M; Rahman, MW; Cheng, Zhongqi et al. (2008). "Comparison of dissolved and particulate arsenic distributions in shallow aquifers of Chakdaha, India, and Araihazar, Bangladesh". Geochemical Transactions 9: 1. doi:10.1186/1467-4866-9-1. PMID 18190703. 

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