Medicine:Stump sock

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Stump socks[1] are tubular medical or clothing accessories with a blind end that are fashioned similar to socks, usually without a heel. They are worn on amputation stumps for a number of reasons. As stump socks are typically worn on body parts that do not contain a foot, their definition is distinct from the average sock type garment. Amputation stumps can be sensitive to cold or heat,[2] particularly as their capacity to regulate tissue congestion is limited. The skin of amputation stumps can be very sensitive to allergic, chemical or mechanical irritation[3] and thus may have to be protected.

There are different types of stump socks, some of which are available individually made to fit, some as industrially manufactured items:

  • socks with metal fabric that are worn to reduce phantom sensation or pain[4][5][6]
  • compression socks that are worn to reduce tissue congestion or swelling[7]
  • protective socks or liners that are worn to fit the stump inside a prosthesis[8][9]
  • socks that are worn to keep the stump warm [10]
  • socks or liners that contain skin care products on their inside that are released into the skin [11]

References

  1. Amputee Supplies Prosthetic Sock FAQ
  2. Engkvist, O.; Wahren, L. K.; Wallin, G.; Torebjrk, E.; Nystrom, B. (1985). "Effects of Regional Intravenous Guanethidine Block in Posttraumatic Cold Intolerance in Hand Amputees. - ENGKVIST et al. 10 (2): 145 - Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)". Journal of Hand Surgery (Edinburgh, Scotland) (Jhs.sagepub.com) 10 (2): 145–50. doi:10.1016/0266-7681(85)90003-8. PMID 4031591. http://jhs.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/10/2/145. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  3. "Elsevier". Archives-pmr.org. http://www.archives-pmr.org/article/S0003-9993(08)01557-8/abstract. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  4. "Pain Relief | Pain Management | Amputee Phantom Limb Pain | Chronic Pain Treatment | Muscle Strains | Delayed On-Set Muscle Soreness | Fibromyalgia". Farabloc.com. http://www.farabloc.com/. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. https://web.archive.org/web/20120306210620/http://www.farabloc.com/pdf/BCMJReview01.pdf. Retrieved 2012-06-30.  Clement DB, Taunton JE (2001) Alleviation of pain with the use of Farabloc, an electromagnetic shield: A review. BC MEDICAL JOURNAL 43 (10)
  6. Conine T, Hershler C, Alexander SA, Crisp R (1993) The Efficacy of Farabloc in the Treatment of Phantom Limb Pain. Canadian Journal of Rehabilitation 6(3):155-161
  7. Amputee Supplies, Inc.. "Buy Amputee stump shrinker socks for BK and AK amputee limb shrinking and swelling. Compressogrip, Juzo, Comfort Prosthetic Manufacturers". Amputeesupplies.com. http://www.amputeesupplies.com/products/fc/ca/prosthetic-stump-shrinkers.html. Retrieved 2010-04-06. 
  8. Ossur liners
  9. Otto Bock liners
  10. Bev's residual limb covers (aka stump socks) for amputees
  11. Alpha liners manufactured and sold by OWW are an example for this technology





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