Organization:Li Ying College

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Li Ying College
Present day Kam Tin, Hong Kong
TypeChinese Imperial
Establishedcirca 1075 AD
Head of schoolTang Fu Hsieh

Li-Ying College (Chinese: 力瀛書院; pinyin: Lì Yíng Shū Yuàn) was the first recorded academy in Imperial Hong Kong. It was founded circa 1075 AD during the Song Dynasty (960–1279)[1]:90–91


The founder (Deng Fuxie [zh]) (Cantonese: Tang Fu Heep) was a native of Jiangsu province in mainland China . The school was located in the area known today as Kai Kung Leng (雞公嶺) Kam Tin, New Territories, Hong Kong. The academy was well known for its large library of Chinese classics.[1] In imperial times, academies were designed with a strong emphasis on the Imperial examination system used to prepare scholar-officials for government work. By the time of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), the Chinese government in 1662 and 1664 closed down schools as a strategy to counter Ming dynasty (1368–1644) loyalists. The academy was in ruins by the early 19th century.[1]

Notable alumni

  • 1259 - The first jìnshì (进士) degree under the Imperial examination system was granted to "Huang Shih".[1]:93
  • 1685 - A descendant of the founder, "Tang Wen Wei" was granted a jìnshì degree and was appointed district magistracy in Zhejiang.[1]:93
  • 1754 - Chiang Shih Yuan from the Tai Po District earned a jìnshì degree and became well known for his literary accomplishments in southern China.[1]:93
  • 1789 - Tang Ying Yuen (Tang Kuen Hin), a well-known local calligrapher, passed his military examination. He later built the "So Lay Yuen Study Hall" at "Shui Tau Tsuen" in Kam Tin.

See also

  • History of education in China
  • Imperial Hong Kong
  • List of the oldest schools in the world


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Sweeting, A.E. (1 May 1990) (in English). Education in Hong Kong, Pre-1841 to 1941: Fact and Opinion. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 9789622092587. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 

Coordinates: 22°27′43″N 114°04′41″E / 22.4619°N 114.0780°E / 22.4619; 114.0780