Philosophy:12th century in philosophy

From HandWiki

This is a list of philosophy-related events in the 12th century. Philosophy at the time was influenced by the ongoing crusades.[1]



  • The Incoherence of the Incoherence, the landmark harmonization of philosophy and faith by Averroes
  • Sic et Non, Peter Abelard's scholastic study of apparent contradictions in Christian theology


  • Averroes (1126–1198), Andalusian polymath.
  • Zhu Xi (1130–1200), Neo-Confucian philosopher, politician, and writer of the Song dynasty.
  • Maimonides (1135 or 1138–1204), rabbi, physician and philosopher from Córdoba.


See also

  • List of centuries in philosophy


  • Peter Dronke (ed). A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. 1988.
  • Frederick Denison Maurice. Moral and Metaphysical Philosophy. Macmillan and Co. London. 1873. Volume 1 (Ancient philosophy and the first to the thirteenth centuries). Chapter 4 ("Twelfth Century"). Page 534 et seq.