Chilla (Persian: چله, Arabic: أربعين, both literally "forty"), also known as Chilla-nashini, is a spiritual practice of penance and solitude in Sufism known mostly in India n and Persian traditions. In this ritual a mendicant or ascetic attempts to remain seated in a circle practicing meditation techniques without food for 40 days and nights in imitation of the Arba'een. The word chilla is derived from the Persian word chehel "forty". Chilla is commonly performed in a solitary cell called a chilla-khana. The main purpose of chilla is to attain laser like focus and get rid of unnecessary thoughts in your mind.
Incidents of Chilla
A practice similar to chilla is also performed by Hindustani classical music practitioners at an advanced level. It is called chilla katna.
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Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilla (retreat). Read more