Short description: Doctrine
The doctrine is named after U.S. Attorney General Judson Harmon, who made a comment during the Chamizal dispute, a dispute between USA and Mexico over the Rio Grande in 1895, in reference to international watercourses —
The fact that the Rio Grande lacks sufficient water to permit its use by the inhabitants of both countries does not entitle Mexico to impose restrictions on the USA [...] The fundamental principle of international law is the absolute sovereignty of every nation, as against all others, within its own territory. All exceptions […] to the full and complete power of a nation within its own territories must be traced up to the consent of the nation itself. They can flow from no other legitimate source. [...] [T]he rules, principles, and precedents of international law impose no liability or obligation upon the United States.
- Stephen C. McCaffrey (1996). The Harmon Doctrine One Hundred Years Later: Buried, Not Praised, 36 Nat. Resources J. 965.
- "Harmon doctrine". https://www.unescwa.org/harmon-doctrine.
- "Part 2. Article 5. (5.1.1) Theories of allocation". https://www.unwatercoursesconvention.org/the-convention/part-ii-general-principles/article-5-equitable-and-reasonable-utilisation-and-participation/5-1-1-theories-of-allocation/.
- Rahaman, M.M. (2009) 'Principles of international water law: creating effective transboundary water resources management', Int. J. Sustainable Society, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp.207–223.
- What does international law say about water allocation? United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmon Doctrine. Read more