Physics:Hundred-year wave

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A hundred-year wave is a statistically projected water wave, the height of which, on average, is met or exceeded once in a hundred years for a given location. The likelihood of this wave height being attained at least once in the hundred-year period is 63%.[1] As a projection of the most extreme wave which can be expected to occur in a given body of water, the hundred-year wave is a factor commonly taken into consideration by designers of oil platforms and other offshore structures.[2][3][4] Periods of time other than a hundred years may also be taken into account, resulting in, for instance, a fifty-year wave.[5]

Various methods are employed to predict the possible steepness[6] and period[7] of these waves, in addition to their height.

See also

References

  1. Brooke, John; Engineering Committee on Oceanic Resources Working Group on Wave Energy Conversion (2003). Wave Energy Conversion. Elsevier. pp. 170. ISBN 0-08-044212-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=UGAXRwoLZY4C&pg=PA170&dq=%22hundred+year+wave%22&sig=ACfU3U1rgLoA2QatLY9vDgOTUzYemz84fQ. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  2. Goda, Y. (2000). Random Seas and Design of Maritime Structures. World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-02-3256-6.  pp. 421–422.
  3. Melchers, Robert E.; Hough, Richard (2007). Modeling Complex Engineering Structures. ASCE Publications. ISBN 0-7844-0850-5.  p. 188.
  4. Holthuijsen, Leo H. (2007). Waves in oceanic and coastal waters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-86028-8.  Ch. 4.
  5. Le Tirant, P.; Jacques Meunier; Association de recherche en géotechnique marine (France) (1990). Anchoring of Floating Structures: Design Guides for Offshore Structures. Editions TECHNIP. pp. 50. ISBN 2-7108-0572-3. https://books.google.com/books?id=BWe3EhEeOQEC&pg=PA50&dq=%22hundred+year+wave%22&lr=&sig=ACfU3U3tJO3hG6Wo3cSlkHb3S3_9B32hqw. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  6. Cruz, Joao (2008). Ocean Wave Energy: Current Status and Future Perspectives. Springer. pp. 16. ISBN 3-540-74894-6. https://books.google.com/books?id=XVBNCexCjoUC&pg=RA1-PA16&dq=%22hundred+year+wave%22&sig=ACfU3U1VKyTzFSuQ7EMsgrotBQn3T5NBVA#PRA1-PA16,M1. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  7. Editions Technip; Association De Recherche Action Des (1980). Sea Climatology. Editions TECHNIP. pp. 7. ISBN 2-7108-0396-8. https://books.google.com/books?id=FbT9asD7vBwC&pg=PA7&dq=%22hundred+year+wave%22&lr=&sig=ACfU3U3m04w10WY5duJAuiAUAeKQqf3aXA#PPA7,M1. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 

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