Place:Ohel (grave)

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Short description: Structure built around a Jewish grave
The ohel of the "Seer of Lublin" on the Old Jewish Cemetery in Lublin
Wooden ohel in Horodyszcze (now Haradzishcha, Baranovichy District (be), Belarus)

Ohel (Hebrew: אוהל‎; plural: ohelim, literally, "tent")[1][2] is a structure built around a Jewish grave as a sign of prominence of the deceased. Ohelim cover the graves of some (but not all) Hasidic Rebbes, important rabbis, tzadikim, prominent Jewish community leaders, and biblical figures. Typically a small masonry building, an ohel may include room for visitors to pray, meditate, and light candles in honor of the deceased.


According to Krajewska, the tradition of covering a grave with an ohel may be based on the Cave of the Patriarchs, in which Abraham buried Sarah.[2] Nolan Menachemson suggests that the Hasidic tradition of covering the graves of Rebbes with an ohel derives from the Ohel Moed ("Tent of Meeting") in which Moses communicated with God during the Israelites' travels in the desert.[3]


Ohelim are usually simple masonry structures. They may include one or two windows.[2] In prewar Poland, the ohel of a Rebbe was located close by the Hasidic court, and was big enough to accommodate a minyan of ten men beside the grave.[4]

The ohel of the Lubavitcher Rebbes in Queens, New York, is unusual in that it does not have a roof. This allows kohanim to visit the graves without coming into contact with impurity from the dead.[5]


In the case of a Hasidic Rebbe, the ohel is a place for visitors to pray, meditate, write kvitelach (petitionary prayer notes), and light candles in honor of the deceased.[6][7][8] Ohelim of Hasidic Rebbes, as well as the tombs of tzadikim venerated by Moroccan Jews, serve as year-round pilgrimage sites, with the biggest influx of visitors coming on the Rebbe's or tzadik's Yom Hillula (anniversary of death).[9][10]

Notable ohelim

One or more graves may be included in the same ohel. Notable ohelim include:

Single-grave ohel

  • Baba Sali, Netivot, Israel
  • Chida, Har HaMenuchot, Jerusalem
  • Yonatan ben Uziel, Amuka, Israel
  • Elimelech of Lizhensk, Leżajsk, Poland
  • Chaim Ozer Grodzinski, leader of pre-war Eastern European Jewry
  • Nachman of Breslov, Uman, Ukraine
  • Nathan of Breslov, Breslov, Ukraine
  • Rachel, wife of Rabbi Akiva, Tiberias, Israel
  • Vilna Gaon, Vilnius, Lithuania

Multiple-grave ohel

  • Avraham Mordechai Alter and Pinchas Menachem Alter, the third and sixth rebbes of Ger, Jerusalem
  • Baal Shem Tov, Ze'ev Wolf Kitzes, the Degel Machaneh Ephraim, the Apter Rav, and Rabbi Boruch of Medzhybizh, Medzhybizh, Ukraine
  • Avrohom Bornsztain and his son Rabbi Shmuel Bornsztain, Sochatchover Rebbes
  • Dov Ber of Mezeritch and Zusha of Anipoli
  • Shlomo Halberstam and Naftali Halberstam, the third and fourth Bobover Rebbes, New York
  • Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn and Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the sixth and seventh Lubavitcher Rebbes, Queens, New York
  • Joel Teitelbaum and Moses Teitelbaum, first and second Satmar Rebbes

Biblical figures and Talmudic sages

Biblical figures and Mishnaic and Talmudic sages are typically buried in ohelim:

  • Benjamin (near Kfar Saba, Israel)
  • Esther and Mordechai, Hamadan, Iran
  • Habakkuk, northern Israel
  • Judah, Yehud, Israel
  • Rabbi Meir or Rabbi Meir Baal HaNes (Rabbi Meir the miracle maker) was a Jewish sage who lived in the time of the Mishna.
  • Rachel, near Bethlehem
  • Simeon bar Yochai, Meron, Israel is the site of a large annual Lag BaOmer celebration
  • Yose HaGelili, Dalton, Israel


See also

  • List of burial places of biblical figures


  1. Steinmetz 2005, p. 117.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Krajewska 1993, p. 22.
  3. Menachemson 2007, p. 41.
  4. Biale et al. 2017, p. 426.
  5. Goldstein, Rabbi Yaakov (28 November 2016). "Kohanim". 
  6. Rabinowicz 1996, p. 351.
  7. Jagielski, Jan (2017). "Cemeteries". POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews. 
  8. Kadish 2006.
  9. Miller 2014, p. 414.
  10. Shokeid, Moshe (2016). "Pilgrimage: Contemporary Jewish Pilgrimage". Encyclopedia of Religion. Retrieved 2 April 2018. 


External links