Night, death, and sacrifice
In the Late Post-Classic Maya mythology of the Popol Vuh, Camazotz (// from Mayan /kama ˈsots’/) (alternate spellings Cama-Zotz, Sotz, Zotz) is a bat spirit at the service of the lords of the underworld. Camazotz means "death bat" in the Kʼicheʼ language. In Mesoamerica generally, the bat is often associated with night, death, and sacrifice.
Camazotz is formed from the Kʼicheʼ words kame, meaning "death", and sotz', meaning "bat".
In the Popol Vuh, Camazotz are the bat-like spirits encountered by the Maya Hero Twins Hunahpu and Xbalanque during their trials in the underworld of Xibalba. The twins had to spend the night in the House of Bats, where they squeezed themselves into their own blowguns in order to defend themselves from the circling bats. Hunahpu stuck his head out of his blowgun to see if the sun had risen and Camazotz immediately snatched off his head and carried it to the ballcourt to be hung up as the ball to be used by the gods in their next ballgame.
Classic Period (200-900CE)
In Classic Maya iconography, the (leaf-nosed) bat, exhaling unhealthy vapours, is often depicted as a person's nahual or way-spirit bringing disease over an enemy. However, the Classic bat spirit is rarely, if ever, part of a narrative context, nor does it appear to play the role assigned to it by the Popol Vuh.
In popular culture
- Camazotz is a playable god in the free downloadable video game Smite, where his title is "The Deadly God of Bats".
- He's a changed hero in Maya and the Three, having rebelled against Lord Mictlan the Evil.
- Goth, a spectral bat and decendant of Cama Zotz is the primary antagonist of Kenneth Oppel's Silverwing series.
- Camazotz appears in Victor and Valentino.
- Camazotz is the name of the planet consumed by darkness in A Wrinkle in Time, a book by Madeleine L'Engle.
- Camazotz serves as one of the main villains of the Storm Runner trilogy of novels by J. C. Cervantes, part of the Rick Riordan Presents imprint.
- Camazotz appears in Legendary Pictures's MonsterVerse franchise in the graphic novel Kingdom Kong, where he is a giant bat-like Titan from the Hollow Earth commanding a large group of bat-like creatures dubbed the "Hell Swarm."
- Leutogi, mythological Polynesian bat goddess
- Mayans M.C.#Episodes (Season 2 episode 3: "Camazotz")
- The Minyades - three sisters in Greek mythology who were turned into bats and owls
- Nyctimene (mythology)
- Miller & Taube 1993, 2003, p.44.
- Miller & Taube 1993, 2003, p.44. Thompson 1966, p.181. Read & Gonzalez 2000, p.133.
- Brady&Coltman 2016
- Brady, James E., and Jeremy D. Coltman, Bats and the Camazotz: Correcting a Century of Mistaken Identity. Latin-American Antiquity 27(2) 2016: 227-237.
- Christenson, Allen J.. "Kʼicheʼ" (PDF). English Dictionary and Guide to Pronunciation of the Kʼicheʼ-Maya Alphabet (Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc. (FAMSI)). http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/dictionary/christenson/quidic_complete.pdf.
- Miller, Mary; Taube, Karl (2003). An Illustrated Dictionary of the Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-27928-4. OCLC 28801551. https://archive.org/details/isbn_9780500279281.
- Read, Kay Almere; González, Jason (2000). Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology. Oxford: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-85109-340-0. OCLC 43879188.
- Thompson, J. Eric S. (June 1966). "Maya Hieroglyphs of the Bat as Metaphorgrams". Man. New Series (Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland) 1 (2): 176–184.
- Brock, Zoë (11 May 2018). Popol Vuh Part Four. LitCharts LLC. https://www.litcharts.com/lit/popol-vuh/part-four.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camazotz. Read more