Religion:Synagogue of Sulzbach

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The Synagogue of Sulzbach is a monument in Sulzbach-Rosenberg and was the synagogue of the Jewish Community of Sulzbach until 1930.


The synagogue today
The original portal of the synagogue before the restoration
Not long before completion of the renovation work (9 September 2012)
Status of the renovation work in October 2011

After the Sulzbach town fire of 1822, the synagogue was rebuilt on the basis of the burnt-down Baroque predecessor building in Classicist style as a Saalbau. It was consecrated in 1824. The architect of the Maisel Synagogue in Prague, Alfred Grotte, described it in 1913 as "one of the most beautiful synagogue buildings in Bavaria, perhaps even in Germany."[1] The overbuilding, especially from the 1950s, was reversed and the original state restored as part of a redevelopment from 2010 to 2013. The preliminary investigation for the redevelopment revealed interesting finds such as the corner lesene or the belt cornice in the form of a "Greek" battlement meander as well as a marriage stone on the north façade.[1]


Until the first synagogue was built in Sulzbach in 1687, the Jewish community of Sulzbach met in a prayer room set up by the Jewish Bloch family. Due to its poor structural condition, it was replaced as early as 1737 by a new Baroque building in today's Synagogenstraße. This burnt down in the town fire of 1822. Financed by donations, the present building was consecrated on August 31, 1824. After having been the centre of the Sulzbach community for over a hundred years, it was abandoned in 1930 and sold to the city of Sulzbach for a symbolic price. Then the Jewish community had dwindled to a very small group. They sold the building under the condition that the synagogue would only be used for cultural purposes. Therefore, the Sulzbach City Museum was established in it. This circumstance saved the synagogue from destruction during the November Pogroms 1938.[2]

The 18th century Sulzbacher Torah was brought to the synagogue in Amberg, where it survived the National Socialist Kristallnacht pogrom in 1938 and lay unnoticed for decades in a cabinet until 2015. After a restoration the finalisation was part of a ceremony in the German Reichstag in January 2021 with Chancellor Angela Merkel among the dignitaries who took part in the ceremony.[3]

After 1945, the synagogue building was confiscated and transferred to the Jewish Restitution Successor Organization, which administered the assets of heirless Jewish victims of National Socialism. The organisation sold the building to private individuals in 1950, who converted it into a residential building in 1951. The original substance was largely preserved. From 2008[4] to 2013, the synagogue, funded by the Bayerische Landesstiftung[5] and the LEADER programme,[6] renovated as a listed building and converted into a meeting centre. At the inauguration ceremony on 31 January 2013, Charlotte Knobloch representing the World Jewish Congress and the Bavarian State Secretary for Culture Bernd Sibler, among others, spoke to the guests.[7]


  • Heribert Barzel: Sulzbach-Rosenberg – Kunst und Kunststätten, Schnell & Steiner, Munich and Zürich 1968.
  • Andreas Angersdorfer: Jüdisches Leben in Sulzbach, in: Elisabeth Vogl, Johannes Hartmann (editor): Eisenerz und Morgenglanz. Amberg 1999, ISBN:978-3924350666.
  • Michael Trüger et al.: Ehemalige Synagoge Sulzbach. Festschrift zur Eröffnung am 31. Januar 2013. (Schriftenreihe des Stadtmuseums und Stadtarchivs Sulzbach-Rosenberg 30) 2013. ISBN:978-3-9814093-3-8.

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Gebhard, Joachim (2008-07-25). "Regensburger Kunstprofessor begeistert: Sensationelle Funde in Sulzbacher Gebäude Schönster Synagogenbau Deutschlands?" (in de). Sulzbach-Rosenberger Zeitung. 
  2. Royer, Andreas (2009-11-11). "Synagoge als Symbol der religiösen Toleranz - Interview mit Stadtheimatpfleger Dr. Lommer Stadtbesitz verhindert Zerstörung" (in de). 
  3. Axelrod, Toby (2021-01-28). "Angela Merkel participates in historic Torah scroll writing ceremony" (in en). 
  4. "Charlotte Knobloch "beeindruckt und bewegt" vom Besuch in der Herzogstadt - Projekt alte ... Gleich beim Minister stark gemacht" (in de). 2008-02-12. 
  5. "SPD bedankt sich bei Stiftungsrat MdL Reinhold Strobl für Zuschuss zu Synagogen-Sanierung Geschichte zum Greifen nahe" (in de). 2010-06-08. 
  6. Royer, Andreas (2011-07-20). "140 000 Euro aus dem Leader-Topf für Sanierung der Synagoge - Förderbescheid übergeben Aufwertung des kulturellen Erbes" (in de). 
  7. Royer, Andreas (2013-02-01). ""Starker Akt der Versöhnung"" (in de). 

[ ⚑ ] 49°30′16″N 11°44′22″E / 49.504343°N 11.739436°E / 49.504343; 11.739436