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Short description: Afterlife and resurrection in Islam

al-Ākhirah (Arabic: الآخرة) is an Arabic term for the afterlife.[1] According to Islam, death is not the end of the life, but it is a transferral from this world to everlasting world. In Islamic eschatology, the Yawm al-Qiyamah is believed to be Allah's final assessment of humanity. The sequence of events (according to the most commonly held belief) is the annihilation of all creatures, resurrection of the body, and the judgment of all sentient creatures. It is a time where everyone would be shown his or her deeds and actions with justice.

“It is certainly We Who resurrect the dead, and write what they send forth and what they leave behind. Everything is listed by Us in a perfect Record.” [Al-Quran 36:12] [2]


The exact time when these events will occur is unknown, however there are said to be major and minor signs which are to occur near the time of Qiyammah (end time).


It is repeatedly referenced in chapters of the Quran concerning the Last Judgment, an important part of Islamic eschatology. Traditionally, it is considered to be one of the six main beliefs of Muslims, the others including: Tawhid (unitarianism), belief in the angels, belief in the four Revealed Books (Injeel, Taurait, Quran and Zabur), belief in the prophets and messengers, and belief in predestination.

According to the Islamic beliefs, God will play the role of the qadi, weighing the deeds of each individual. He will decide whether that person's ākhirah lies in Jahannam (Hell) or Jannah (Heaven) on the basis of the weight of either good or bad deeds in comparison with one another. The judgment doesn't depend upon the amount of deeds, deeds are judged on the basis of the will behind it (intentional deeds).

Jannah and Jahannam both have various levels. The placement of a person may depend upon the extent of his or her good will behind the deeds. It is also said that God may forgive a sin against Himself but not against another.

According to Islam, death is not the end of the life, but it is a transferral from this world to the everlasting world. As described by some, from Dar al-fana'a (The place of annihilation) to Dar al-Baqa'a (The place of permanence). With the withdrawal of the spirit from the body, the soul's life in the Barzakh (the barrier) begins until the Day of Resurrection. According to the deeds of the believer and disbeliever, their Barzakh differs.

“... behind them is a barrier until the Day they are resurrected.” Al Quran [23:100][3]