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Short description: Species of flowering plant in the bellflower family Campanulaceae


Vulnerable (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Subfamily: Campanuloideae
Genus: Eastwoodiella
Morin (2020)
E. californica
Binomial name
Eastwoodiella californica
(Kellogg) Morin (2020)
  • Campanula californica (Kellogg) A.Heller (1902)
  • Campanula linnaeifolia A.Gray (1868)
  • Wahlenbergia californica Kellogg (1863)

Eastwoodiella californica is a species of flowering plant in the bellflower family Campanulaceae, known by the common names swamp bellflower and swamp harebell. It is the sole species in genus Eastwoodiella.

This is a hairy rhizomatous perennial herb producing a thin, creeping stem 10 to 30 centimeters long. The thin, rippled leaves are oval in shape and between 1 and 2 centimeters long. The bell-shaped flower is pale blue with curving petals up to 1.5 centimeters long. The fruit is a ribbed, spherical capsule.

It is endemic to California , where it grows along the coastline between Marin and Mendocino Counties. It is found mainly in wet areas such as bogs, marshes, and wet forest floors.

Albert Kellogg first described the species in 1863 as Wahlenbergia californica. It was later reclassified into genus Campanula.[2] Phylogenetic molecular studies revealed that Campanula was paraphyletic, and the species was placed in the new genus Eastwoodiella, named for botanist Alice Eastwood (1859–1953).[3]


  1. |access-date=19 May 2022 |website=NatureServe Explorer |publisher=NatureServe
  2. 2.0 2.1 Eastwoodiella californica (Kellogg) Morin. Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
  3. Morin, N.R. 2020. Taxonomic changes in North American Campanuloideae (Campanulaceae). Phytoneuron 2020-49: 1–46. Published 15 July 2020. ISSN 2153-733X

External links

Wikidata ☰ {{{from}}} entry