Arakelyan's theorem

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In mathematics, Arakelyan's theorem is a generalization of Mergelyan's theorem from compact subsets of an open subset of the complex plane to relatively closed subsets of an open subset.


Let Ω be an open subset of [math]\displaystyle{ \Complex }[/math] and E a relatively closed subset of Ω. By Ω* is denoted the Alexandroff compactification of Ω.

Arakelyan's theorem states that for every f continuous in E and holomorphic in the interior of E and for every ε > 0 there exists g holomorphic in Ω such that |g − f| < ε on E if and only if Ω* \ E is connected and locally connected.[1]

See also


  1. Gardiner, Stephen J. (1995). Harmonic approximation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 39. ISBN 9780521497992. 
  • Arakeljan, N. U. (1968). "Uniform and tangential approximations by analytic functions". Izv. Akad. Nauk Armjan. SSR Ser. Mat 3: 273–286. 
  • Arakeljan, N. U (1970). Actes, Congrès intern. Math.. 2. pp. 595–600. 
  • Rosay, Jean-Pierre; Rudin, Walter (May 1989). "Arakelian's Approximation Theorem". The American Mathematical Monthly 96 (5): 432. doi:10.2307/2325151.