Banach *-algebra

From HandWiki

A Banach *-algebra A is a Banach algebra over the field of complex numbers, together with a map * : AA, called involution, that has the following properties:

  1. (x + y)* = x* + y* for all x, y in A.
  2. [math]\displaystyle{ (\lambda x)^* = \bar{\lambda}x^* }[/math] for every λ in C and every x in A; here, [math]\displaystyle{ \bar{\lambda} }[/math] denotes the complex conjugate of λ.
  3. (xy)* = y* x* for all x, y in A.
  4. (x*)* = x for all x in A.

In other words, a Banach *-algebra is a Banach algebra over [math]\displaystyle{ \mathbb{C} }[/math] which is also a *-algebra.

In most natural examples, one also has that the involution is isometric, i.e.

  • ||x*|| = ||x||,

Some authors include this isometric property in the definition of a Banach *-algebra.

See also