Biography:Montrose Wolf

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Montrose Wolf
Born(1935-05-29)29 May 1935
Houston, Texas
Died(2004-03-19)19 March 2004
Lawrence, Kansas
Alma materUniversity of Houston
Arizona State University
Known forTeaching Family Model
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Scientific career
FieldsPsychology, linguistics, Applied Behavior Analysis
InstitutionsUniversity of Washington
Arizona State University
Kansas University
InfluencesB.F. Skinner
Jack Michael

Montrose Madison Wolf (May 29, 1935 – March 19, 2004) was an American psychologist. He developed the technique of "time-out" as a learning tool to shape behavior in children in the 1960s.[1] He was a leader in creating the discipline of problem-solving, real-world psychological research known as applied behavior analysis. He created the Teaching Family Model as an intervention program for dealing with juvenile delinquents. He helped replicate this model almost 800 times. [2] In the field of applied behavior analysis he introduced and named the concept of social validity.[3]

Donald Baer, Sidney W. Bijou, Todd Risley, James Sherman, and Wolf established the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, in 1968 as a peer-reviewed journal publishing research about experimental analysis of behavior and its practical applications.[4][5]


  1. Risley, Todd (2005), "Montrose M. Wolf (1935–2004)", J Appl Behav Anal, Summer; 38(2): 279–287; doi:10.1901/jaba.2005.165-04.
  2. Fixsen, D.L., Blasé, K, Timbers, G.D. and Wolf, M.M. (2007).In Search of Program Implementation: 792 Replications of the Teaching-Family Model. The Behavior Analyst Today,8(1), 96-114 BAO
  3. Risley, Todd (2005), "Montrose M. Wolf (1935–2004)", J Appl Behav Anal, Summer; 38(2): 279–287; doi:10.1901/jaba.2005.165-04.
  4. Morris, Edward K. "Sidney W. Bijou: November 12, 1908 to June 11, 2009", Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies. Accessed July 23, 2009.
  5. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1 (1): Board of Editors. 1968. Wolf was the original source. Read more.