Biology:Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis

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Short description: Bacterial variant

Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis
Scientific classification
Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis

Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis is a variant of the Bacillus cereus bacterium that has acquired plasmids similar to those of Bacillus anthracis. As a result, it is capable of causing anthrax.[1][2] In 2016, it was added to the CDC's list of select agents and toxins.[3]

Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis infection has caused significant mortality in numerous mammalian species, including chimpanzees.[4]

See also


  1. Klee, Silke R.; Brzuszkiewicz, Elzbieta B.; Nattermann, Herbert; Brüggemann, Holger; Dupke, Susann; Wollherr, Antje; Franz, Tatjana; Pauli, Georg et al. (2010-07-09). "The genome of a Bacillus isolate causing anthrax in chimpanzees combines chromosomal properties of B. cereus with B. anthracis virulence plasmids". PLOS ONE 5 (7): e10986. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010986. ISSN 1932-6203. PMID 20634886. Bibcode2010PLoSO...510986K. 
  2. Antonation, Kym S.; Grützmacher, Kim; Dupke, Susann; Mabon, Philip; Zimmermann, Fee; Lankester, Felix; Peller, Tianna; Feistner, Anna et al. (2016-09-08). "Bacillus cereus Biovar Anthracis Causing Anthrax in Sub-Saharan Africa—Chromosomal Monophyly and Broad Geographic Distribution". PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 10 (9): e0004923. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004923. ISSN 1935-2735. PMID 27607836. 
  3. "ASM and APHL's New Interim Recommendations for Bacillus Identification" (in en-gb). 13 February 2017. 
  4. Hoffmann, Constanze; Zimmermann, Fee; Biek, Roman; Kuehl, Hjalmar; Nowak, Kathrin; Mundry, Roger; Agbor, Anthony; Angedakin, Samuel et al. (2017-08-03). "Persistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest" (in en). Nature 548 (7665): 82–86. doi:10.1038/nature23309. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 28770842. Bibcode2017Natur.548...82H. 

Wikidata ☰ Q39048217 entry