Biology:Blacktailed spurdog

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Short description: Species of shark

Blacktailed spurdog
Squalus melanurus JNC2719 Body.JPG
from New Caledonia
Scientific classification edit
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Squalidae
Genus: Squalus
S. melanurus
Binomial name
Squalus melanurus
Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
Squalus melanurus distmap.png
Range of the blacktailed spurdog (in blue)

The blacktailed spurdog (Squalus melanurus) is a dogfish, a member of the family Squalidae, found around New Caledonia in the central Pacific Ocean, at depths from 320 to 320 m. Its length is up to 75 cm.

Its reproduction is ovoviviparous.


The blacktailed spurdog has been seldom studied for parasites. The 1 mm-long monogenean Triloculotrema chisholmae has been described in 2009 from three specimens found in the nasal tissue of a single shark caught off New Caledonia.[2] T. chisholmae was the second species described in the genus Triloculotrema Kearn, 1993 (family Monocotylidae).[3] Species of Triloculotrema appear to be limited to deep-sea sharks, either triakids or squalids (possibly etmopterids).[2]
The blacktailed spurdog is also the host of external parasites such as the aegid isopod Aega angustata on the skin.[4] Internal parasites include several trypanorhynch cestodes in the spiral intestine, such as Vittirhynchus squali and Gilquinia sp.[5]



  1. Finucci, B.; Kyne, P.M. (2018). "Squalus melanurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T41860A116737441. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T41860A116737441.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Justine, J.-L. 2009: A new species of Triloculotrema Kearn, 1993 (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) from a deep-sea shark, the blacktailed spurdog Squalus melanurus (Squaliformes: Squalidae), off New Caledonia. Systematic Parasitology, 74, 59-63. doi:10.1007/s11230-009-9202-x
  3. Kearn, G. C. 1993: Triloculotrema japanicae n.g., n. sp. (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) from the olfactory sacs of the Japanese topeshark Hemitriakis japanica (Müller & Henle, 1839) (Carcharhiniformes: Triakidae). Systematic Parasitology, 26, 53-57.
  4. Trilles, J.-P. & Justine, J.-L. 2004: Une nouvelle espèce de Cymothoidae et trois Aegidae (Crustacea, Isopoda) récoltés sur des poissons de mer profonde au large de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Zoosystema, 26, 211-233.
  5. Beveridge, I. & Justine, J.-L. 2006: Gilquiniid cestodes (Trypanorhyncha) from elasmobranch fishes off New Caledonia with descriptions of two new genera and a new species. Systematic Parasitology, 65, 235-249. doi:10.1007/s11230-006-9052-8

Wikidata ☰ Q994636 entry