Biology:Paphiopedilum armeniacum

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Paphiopedilum armeniacum
Paphiopedilum armeniacum Orchi 02.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Cypripedioideae
Genus: Paphiopedilum
P. armeniacum
Binomial name
Paphiopedilum armeniacum
S.C.Chen & F.Y.Liu
  • Paphiopedilum armeniacum var. mark-fun Jack Archie Fowlie (es)
  • Paphiopedilum armeniacum var. markii O.Gruss
  • Paphiopedilum armeniacum f. markii (O.Gruss) Braem
  • Paphiopedilum armeniacum var. parviflorum Z.J.Liu & J. Yong Zhang
  • Paphiopedilum armeniacum var. undulatum Z.J.Liu & J. Yong Zhang

Paphiopedilum armeniacum is a species of flowering plant in the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is known commonly as the apricot orange paphiopedilum[1] and golden slipper orchid.[2] It is endemic to China , where it occurs only in Yunnan.[1] It is also cultivated and has won prestigious awards at flower shows.[3]

This plant grows in soil or on rocks, spreading via creeping stolons. It produces 5 to 7 leathery purple-spotted green leaves each up to 12 centimeters long. There is usually one flower atop the hairy, purple-green scape, but occasionally a second flower is produced. The flower is up to 9 centimeters wide. It is yellow in color, streaked and spotted with maroon.[4]

In the wild this species grows on limestone substrates in rocky, brushy habitat. Its range is mainly limited to the Nu Jiang River Valley.[1][4] The population is fragmented and the species is in decline due to habitat destruction. The valuable plant is also poached for use in the horticultural trade.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Rankou, H. & Averyanov, L. 2015. Paphiopedilum armeniacum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015. Downloaded on 12 September 2015.
  2. Paphiopedilum armeniacum. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.
  3. Liu, Z., et al. (2006). Conservation ecology of endangered species Paphiopedilum armeniacum (Orchidaceae). Acta Ecologica Sinica, 26(9), 2791-99.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Paphiopedilum armeniacum. Flora of China.

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