Biology:South Georgia pipit
|South Georgia pipit|
|On South Georgia, British overseas territory|
The South Georgia pipit (Anthus antarcticus) is a sparrow-sized bird only found on the South Georgia archipelago off the Antarctic Peninsula. It is the only songbird in Antarctica, South Georgia's only passerine, and one of the few non-seabirds of the region.
It builds nests from dried grass, usually within tussac grass, and lays four eggs a year. It feeds on small insects and spiders, and beach debris.
It has been threatened by the human introduction of rats, and also by environmental damage caused by humans. It has been chosen as the poster bird of the South Georgia Heritage Trust's Habitat Restoration (Rat Eradication) project, which started eradicating rats on South Georgia in 2011. The project's baiting phase ended in early 2015, and success was confirmed in 2018.
Visitors can see the bird on Prion Island, and on beaches on South Georgia since the eradication project took hold.
The South Georgia pipit is a small and stocky pipit, 17 cm (6.7 in) long and weighing 36 g (1.3 oz). The species has long legs and a long hindclaw and a short tail.
- BirdLife International (2021). "Anthus antarcticus'". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T22705324A177963150. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22705324A177963150.en. https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22705324/177963150. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
- "Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels". https://www.acap.aq/2008-news-archive. "News just in of the discovery of the first South Georgia Pipit [Anthus antarcticus] nest in an area cleared of rodents by the Habitat Restoration Project. The nest was spotted at Schlieper Bay on the South coast of the North-West baiting zone at Weddell Point."
- Amos, Jonathan (2018-05-09). "Rodents driven from South Georgia". BBC News. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-44046472.
- Higgins, P. J.; Pater, L. M.; Cowling, J. S., eds (2006). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. 7: Boatbill to Starlings. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. pp. 1389–1391. ISBN 0-19-553996-6.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South Georgia pipit. Read more