Company:Kinross Gold

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Kinross Gold Corporation
IndustryMetals and Mining
FounderRobert Buchan
Toronto, Ontario
Key people
J. Paul Rollinson, CEO [1]
ProductsGold, Silver
RevenueDecreaseUS$3.279 billion (2021)[2]
DecreaseUS$464 million (2021)
DecreaseUS$221 million (2021)

Kinross Gold Corporation is a Canadian-based gold and silver mining company founded in 1993 and headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Kinross currently operates six active gold mines, and was ranked fifth of the "10 Top Gold-mining Companies" of 2019 by InvestingNews.[3] The company's mines are located in Brazil, Mauritania, and the United States. It trades under the KGC ticker in the New York Stock Exchange, and under K in the Toronto Stock Exchange.


Kinross Gold operates mines in North and South America, and West Africa. In 2022, 58% of Kinross gold production was expected to come from the Americas.[4]

Asset Country Kinross stake Type of mine Gold equivalent production, 2021[2] 2021 reserves[2]
Fort Knox Gold Mine  United States 100% open-pit mine 264,283 oz 2,467 koz
Round Mountain Gold Mine  United States 100% open-pit mine 257,005 oz 3,037 koz
Bald Mountain mine  United States 100% open-pit mine 204,890 oz 798 koz
Paracatu mine  Brazil 100% open-pit mine 550,560 oz 7,273 koz
Tasiast Gold Mine  Mauritania 100% open-pit mine 170,502 oz 6,404 koz
Chirano Gold Mine  Ghana 90% (the remaining 10% is held by the Government of Ghana) open-pit mine 154,668 oz 890 koz

Fort Knox

This property includes a mill, tailings storage, heap leach facility, the Gil project, and the True North open pit mine, which is closed and under monitoring.[5] Expected to run out of ore in 2021, the mine's life has been extended to 2030 following a $100 million expansion investment announced in 2018, increasing life-of-mine production by about 1.5 million gold equivalent ounces.[6]

Round Mountain Gold Mine

Round Mountain

The Round Mountain Gold Mine is located in Nye County, Nevada and has operated by Kinross since 2003. They purchased the remaining outstanding interest in the company from Barrick Gold in 2016.[7][8][9]

Bald Mountain

Gold from the Round Mountain Mine

Located in White Pine County, Nevada, the Bald Mountain mine is operated by subsidiary KG Mining (Bald Mountain) Inc.[10]


The open-pit Paracatu gold mine, located in northwest Minas Gerais, Brazil.[11][12]


Kinross acquired the Tasiast mine (located in Mauritania) in 2010, expanding the operation twice by 2017.[13][14][15]

In 2012, securities class action lawsuits launched in the U.S. and Canada, alleging Kinross Gold overstated the value of Tasiast mine in its financial statements, misrepresented some of the mine's project expansion schedules, and made other false statements.[16][17] In 2015, the parties reached no-fault settlement agreements which included payments by Kinross totaling approximately $US 40 million.[16]

In June 2016, due to "government allegations of invalid work permits" for expatriate employees, the mine suspended operations, resuming them in August that same year.[18][19][20]

In May 2020, there was a short strike by unionized employees at the mine, which was suspended at the request of the Mauritanian government.[21] A month later, Kinross reached an agreement in principle with the government, which included revalued royalties.[22]


Kinross holds 90% ownership of the Chirano gold mine, with the remainder held by the Government of Ghana.[23] In April 2022, Kinross announced plans to sell its 90% ownership for US$225-million to Asante Gold Corp.[24]

Trucks on ice road to Kupol mine in Russia, 2013.


Founding and early years

Kinross' merger with Echo Bay Mines resulted in ownership of Lupin Mine, which was sold in 2006.

Kinross Gold Corporation was founded in 1993, following the amalgamation of three companies: Plexus Resources Corporation, CMP Resources and numbered company 1021105 Ontario Corp., resulting in the new company owning a stake and royalties in a mining property in Fallon, Nevada and the QR Mine in British Columbia.[25] On June 1, 1993, Kinross was listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and NASDAQ, then on the New York Stock Exchange in 1994.[26]

Kinross' first project – now operated by its subsidiary Fairbanks Gold Mining – was the Fort Knox Gold Mine, an open-pit mining operation in Alaska. The area, including surrounding deposits, was prospected as early as 1913, but no mining took place until 1996. The mine currently produces over 200,000 ounces of gold a year.[27]

In 1998, a wholly owned subsidiary of Kinross merged with Amax Gold, forming Kinam Gold, the company's largest subsidiary.[28][29] effectively transferring ownership of the mine back to Kinross, along with Maricunga Gold Mine in Chile, as part of the merger.[28]

1999 – 2006

Kinross acquired Hollinger Mines in 1999 as part of a land package prior to the bankruptcy of Royal Oak Mines (later sold to Goldcorp in 2006). Also that year, Kinross acquired LA Teko Resources Ltd. through its wholly owned subsidiary, LT Acquisition Inc. division.[30][31]

In July 2002, Kinross and Placer Dome combined their assets in Timmins, Ontario and formed the Porcupine Joint Venture (51% Placer Dome, 49% Kinross).[32] In January 2003 Kinross TVX Gold and Echo Bay Mines shareholders approved a $3-billion merger, combining the three companies, while retaining the name Kinross Gold.[33][34] The TVX merger resulted in Kinross' stake in the La Coipa open pit mine, the remainder being purchased from Goldcorp in 2007.

In 2006, Kinross bought Crown Resources Corporation, which gave it ownership of the mineral resource Buckhorn Mountain (later Buckhorn Gold Mine) and the associated mineral processing facilities.[35][36]

2007 – present

In 2007, Kinross traded assets with Goldcorp; Kinross received $200 million and the remaining portion of the La Coipa Gold Mine it had acquired with the TVX merger, in exchange for giving up its 49% of the Porcupine Joint Venture and 31.9% of the Musselwhite mine.[37]

In 2010, Kinross purchased 91% of Red Back Mining for $7.1 billion.[38] The purchase brought with it the two gold mines in Africa (Chirano and Tasiast).[23] Also that year, Kinross acquired the Dvoinoye deposit and the property in Vodorazdelnaya, about 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of Kinross’ Kupol operation. In 2011, Kinross entered into a share purchase agreement with the State Unitary Enterprise of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, whereby it held 100% of the Kupol mine and exploration licenses. Kinross sold its interest in the Crixás mine to AngloGold Ashanti in 2012.[39][40]

In December 2017, Kinross acquired mineral rights to Gilmore, or Parcel G, a 709-acre tract adjacent to its Fort Knox Gold Mine, about 25 miles northeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. Estimates of the land valued it as containing 2.1 million ounces of gold.[41]

In December 2021, Kinross offered to acquire Great Bear Resources for $29 per share, or about $1.8 billion, giving it ownership of a gold mining prospect in Red Lake, Ontario, Canada.[42] Kinross shares dropped 9% after it announced the buyout bid.[43] The deal to acquire Great Bear closed on February 24, 2022. [44]

Non-operating, discontinued and divested mines

  • Julietta Mine - Julietta is a gold and silver mine located in the Omsukchansky District of Magadan Oblast, near Russia's far eastern border.[45]
  • Kettle River-Buckhorn - the Washington-state based mine and mill were acquired by Kinross in 2006, and was closed in 2017.[46][47]
  • Mineral Hill - located on the east side of Crevice Mountain, Montana, Mineral Hill operated from 1990 to 1996. In 2017, Kinross donated water rights representing 3 billion gallons of water to Trout Unlimited to protect fish habitat in tributaries of the Yellowstone River.[48]
  • Cerro Casale - Chile-based mine acquired by Kinross in 2007.[49][50] As of 2015, the mine was inactive,[51] and Kinross divested in 2017.[52]
  • Crixás - Kinross sold its 50% interest in the Brazil -based mine to AngloGold Ashanti for $220 million.[53]
  • Fruta del Norte - Kinross purchased 100% of outstanding shares in the Ecuadorian deposit in 2008,[54] but ceased development in 2013,[55] and sold the rights in 2014.[56]
  • La Coipa - Kinross incurred an impairment charge of $124 million in 2014 after development on the Chile-based mine ceased.[57] In February 2020, Kinross announced it was proceeding with the La Coipa Restart project to mine the Phase 7 deposit, expected to operate from 2022 to 2024.[58]
  • Lobo-Marte - After acquiring 40% interest in the Chile mine in 2008,[59] Kinross acquired the remaining interest in 2009, for a total cost of $182 million.[60] The results of a pre-feasibility study at Lobo-Marte was announced in July 2020. Subject to development decision, project construction will begin in 2025, with production expected in 2027.[61]
  • Maricunga - Operations ceased in August 2016, after the Chilean government shut off the mine's water supply over environmental concerns.[62] As a result, 300 employees were laid off,[63] and Kinross incurred an impairment charge of $68 million.[64]
  • Dvoinoye Gold Mine & Kupol Gold Mine - The Dvoinoye and Kupol gold mines are located in Russia approximately 100 kilometres (60 mi) apart; Dvoinoye is an underground mine, while Kupol is a combination of open-pit and underground. Acquired in 2010 and opened in 2013, Dvionoye/Kupol was one of Kinross' most profitable segments. In April 2022, Kinross announced that it was selling 100% of its Russian assets to the Highland Gold Mining, completing the sale of Russian assets two months later.[65][66]

Financial Performance

Gold production

Annual gold production (thousands of ounces) was:

  • 2013 - 2,631
  • 2014 - 2,710
  • 2015 - 2,594 [67]
  • 2016 - 2,789
  • 2017 - 2,673
  • 2018 - 2,450 [68]
  • 2019 - 2,507
  • 2020 - 2,366
  • 2021 - 2,063[2]

Gold reserves

Kinross' proven and probable gold reserves were 32.6 million ounces as of December 31, 2021.[2]


Kinross Gold's total assets decreased significantly in recent years, from $US 16.39 billion in 2010 to $US 7.73 billion in 2015.[69][70]


Kinross suspended dividend payments in 2013.[71] It started paying again in 2020, and that year, also announced a share buyback program.[72]

In 2015 in the wake of declining gold prices, Kinross closed their office in Denver and eliminated 110 corporate positions in Denver, Chile, Spain, and Toronto.[73]

In 2016, Standard & Poor's lowered Kinross' credit rating to junk bond status, largely based on the share of their production that came from mines in Russia, which the agency saw as a significant risk.[74]

In 2017, Moody's Investors Service assigned a Ba1 rating to Kinross, "primarily driven by the company's good scale (2.78 million gold-equivalent ounces (GEO) as of March 2017 LTM), low leverage (1.7x LTM adjusted Debt/EBITDA), and very good liquidity (SGL-1).[75]

On March 2, 2020, Moody's announced it had upgraded Kinross's credit rating to investment grade.[76] Their senior unsecured notes rating was upgraded to Ba1, with a stable outlook. Kinross currently holds investment grade ratings from Moody's, S&P Global Ratings, and Fitch Ratings.[77]

Corporate responsibility

In 2015, Kinross achieved an A− ranking in Maclean's magazine's annual assessment of socially responsible companies, the highest ranking of any Canadian mining company.[78][79]

For Kinross' cooperation with an environmental group in Washington (state) , and for five out of eight mines being in compliance with the International Cyanide Management Code (as of May 2013, the Company had eight of its nine mines in compliance with the International Cyanide Management Code),[80] Kinross was recognized as one of Canada's Top 50 Most Responsible Corporations by Maclean's magazine and Jantzi Research in 2009.[81][82]

Through a $1 million donation by Kinross in 2010, the University of Guelph created a new chair as part of its BetterPlanet Project. Said Chair is named the Kinross Chair in Environmental Governance, and is held by a "succession of experts".[83] Also with the university, Kinross provided $100 thousand towards its Fight Against Hunger.[84][85]

In 2010, Kinross committed to contribute $10 million over a three-year period towards developing a mining school in Mauritania. The following year, it committed $2.5 million to build and equip a medical emergency centre in that country.[86][87]

In 2013, Kinross was named to the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index for the third consecutive year, as well as the DJSI North American Index, the Ethibel Excellence Investment Register, and the Ethical Global Equity and ECPI Global Carbon Indices. For the fifth consecutive year, the company was named to the Jantzi Social Index, and as one of Canada's Best 50 Corporate Citizens by Corporate Knights magazine for the fourth year.[88]

In 2021, Kinross was ranked no. 22 out of 120 oil, gas, and mining companies involved in resource extraction north of the Arctic Circle in the Arctic Environmental Responsibility Index (AERI).[89]

Carbon footprint

Kinross Gold reported Total CO2e emissions (Direct + Indirect) for the twelve months ending 31 December 2020 at 1,631 Kt (+19/+1.2% y-o-y).[90] There have been not any significant reductions in emissions in recent years. In May 2021, Kinross committed to reaching net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.[91]

Kinross Gold's annual Total CO2e emissions (Direct + Indirect) (in kilotonnes)[90]
Dec 2016 Dec 2017 Dec 2018 Dec 2019 Dec 2020
1,568 1,518 1,641 1,612 1,631

See also


  1. Jamasmie, Cecilia (10 October 2012). "Kinross Gold's CFO leaves, two months after CEO replaced". 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Kinross reports 2021 fourth-quarter and full year results". 16 February 2022. 
  3. Pistilli, Melissa "10 Top Gold-mining Companies", July 21, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  4. Friedman, Gabriel (2022-04-06). "Kinross finds buyer for Kupol mine complex in what analyst calls 'messy exit' from Russia" (in en). Financial Post. 
  5. "Kinross Gold Corp (KGC)". Reuters. 
  6. "Kinross going ahead with expansion of Alaska gold mine" (in en). 12 June 2018. 
  7. Committee on Hardrock Mining on Federal Lands; Board on Earth Sciences and Resources; Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources; Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council (3 December 1999). Hardrock Mining on Federal Lands. National Academies Press. pp. 136–. ISBN 978-0-309-06596-2. 
  8. Harding, Adella (7 July 2010). "BLM OKs Round Mountain expansion". Elko Daily Free Press. 
  9. Harding, Adella (22 Aug 2010). "Appeals filed against Round Mountain". Elko Daily Free Press. 
  10. Jamasmie, Cecilia (29 June 2016). "Kinross eyes expansions at its new gold mines in Nevada". 
  11. Canadian and American Mines Handbook. Business Information Group. 2005. ISBN 978-0-919336-63-6. 
  12. "Metso to supply grinding equipment to Kinross Gold's Paracatu in Brazil". 3 January 2011. 
  13. Geological Survey (1 December 2013). Minerals Yearbook - Area Reports: International Review: 2011, Africa and the Middle East. Government Printing Office. pp. 30–. ISBN 978-1-4113-3669-8. 
  14. "Kinross's scaled-down expansion plan at Tasiast". 
  15. Lazenby, Henry "Kinross to proceed with Tasiast Phase 2, Round Mountain expansion projects", Mining Weekly, September 18, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  16. 16.0 16.1 See page MDA 36 on 2015 Kinross Gold Annual Report
  17. Paragraphs 4 and 158 of the court decision - Bayens v Kinross - Ontario Superior Court -
  18. Jasmamie, Cecilia (20 June 2016). "Kinross Gold suspends work at Tasiast mine in Mauritania, shares dive". 
  19. Gilroy, Annie (29 August 2016). "How Kinross Gold's Recent Operational Updates Affect Its Future". 
  20. Jasmamie, Cecilia (24 May 2016). "Kinross Gold workers strike at Tasiast mine in Mauritania, shares plummet". 
  21. "Kinross Gold resolves Mauritania disputes and secures expansion" (in en). Reuters. 2020-06-15. 
  22. "Canada's Kinross and Mauritania finally come to an agreement…without Tasiast Sud" (in en-US). 2021-07-21. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 "In Canada, a Merger for Miners of Gold". The New York Times (AP). August 2, 2010. 
  24. McGee, Niall (2022-04-25). "Toronto-based Kinross Gold to exit Ghana mine in US$225-million deal" (in en-CA). The Globe and Mail. 
  25. "Shareholders back merger forming Kinross Gold". Deseret News. 31 May 1993.,7183955&dq=kinross+merger&hl=en. 
  26. Gilroy, Annie (16 October 2015). "Must Know: An Overview of Kinross Gold Corp.". 
  27. "Fort Knox Mine gold output hits new low". 
  28. 28.0 28.1 Scales, Marilyn (June 2003). "How to Get Gold Out of Fort Knox". Canadian Mining Journal. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  29. "Fort Knox, Alaska, USA". Kinross Gold. 
  30. Canadian Mines Handbook. Southam Mining Group. 2001. 
  31. AMEC Earth & Environmental "Goldcorp Hollinger Mine Closure Plan", AMEC Americas Limited, December 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  32. Vieira, Paul (12 April 2002). "Placer Dome, Kinross to join forces in Ontario gold operation: Kinross gains mill access". National Post: p. FP7. 
  33. CZERNOWALOW, MARTIN. "Newmont increases dividend". 
  34. "COMPANY NEWS Kinross, Echo Bay, TVX Delay Merger". Canadian Mining Journal. 20 November 2002. 
  35. Okanogan and Wenatchee National Forests (N.F.), Buckhorn Access Project: Environmental Impact Statement. 2007. pp. 19–. 
  36. Leng Yeong, Cheng (4 August 2006). "Kinross Has Record $65.6 Million Profit on Gold Rally (Update4)". Bloomberg. 
  37. "Analysts see Goldcorp, Kinross asset swap gains". Bloomberg. 26 Sep 2007. 
  38. The Globe and Mail (29 June 2012). The Lunch. Booktango. pp. 104–. ISBN 978-1-4689-0835-0. 
  39. "Kinross unloads stake in Crixas for US$220 million". 2012-05-30. 
  40. "Kinross Gold Acquires Red Back Mining for $7.3B". 
  41. Wood, Robin Kinross acquires Gilmore tract west of Fort Knox", Dec 12, 2017. Retrieved January 18, 2017.]
  42. "Kinross to buy Great Bear for $1.42 billion". December 8, 2021. 
  43. "TSX slips as energy stocks weigh, Kinross slides on $1.8 billion bid for Great Bear". Reuters. December 9, 2021. 
  45. Mining Atlas "Julietta Data". Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  46. "Major Mines & Projects | Kettle River-Buckhorn Mine". 
  47. Brock Hires (February 28, 2017). "Buckhorn mine scheduled to close by April" (in en). Omak Chronicle. 
  48. Marketwired via Nasdaq: "Kinross Gold, Trout Unlimited and Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation partner to protect wildlife habitat near Yellowstone National Park" August 17, 2017. Accessed September 12, 2017.
  49. Usa Ibp Usa (November 2009). Chile Mineral & Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Regulations. Int'l Business Publications. pp. 63–. ISBN 978-1-4330-0664-7. 
  50. Russell, Simon. "Exeter Resource Corporation: Big Gold Discovery in Northern Chile". 
  51. "Estudio para reactivar Cerro Casale finaliza sin éxito y Barrick lo saca de su portafolio". 31 March 2015. 
  52. "Kinross Gold Completes Sale of Cerro Casale Interest" (in en). 9 June 2017. 
  53. Mitchell, Steve. "Kinross agrees to sale of Crixás interest for $220 million". 
  54. Jamasmie, Cecilia (17 June 2016). "Lundin Gold getting closer to developing Fruta del Norte in Ecuador". 
  55. Gill, Nathan (6 December 2011). "Kinross Reaches Preliminary Agreement for Ecuador Mine". (Bloomberg). 
  56. Alvaro, Mercedes (22 October 2014). "Kinross to Sell Interest in Ecuador's Fruta del Norte Gold Mine to Fortress". 
  57. Tilak, John; O'Brien, Rosalba (18 August 2016). "Exclusive: Kinross to retreat from Chile, puts unit on the block". Reuters. 
  58. Webb, Mariaan (2020-02-13). "Kinross pulls trigger on La Coipa restart project". 
  59. "2008 Kinross Gold Annual Report" (in en). Kinross Gold Corporation. p. 34. 
  60. "2009 Kinross Gold Annual Report" (in en). Kinross Gold Corpo ration. p. 58. 
  61. Mitrovic, Tijana (2020-07-15). "Kinross Gold reports pre-feasibility results for its Lobo-Marte gold project". 
  62. George, Vishaka (25 August 2016). "Kinross suspends operations at Chile mine, lays off 300 workers". 
  63. Jasmamie, Cecilia. "Kinross Gold halts Maricunga mine in Chile, lays off 300 workers". 
  64. "2016 Kinross Gold Financial Statements" (in en). pp. 34. 
  65. "Canadian miner Kinross Gold selling 100% of Russian assets as it exits country |" (in en-US). 
  66. Friedman, Gabriel (6 April 2022). "Kinross finds buyer for Kupol mine complex in what analyst calls 'messy exit' from Russia" (in en). 
  67. "2015 Kinross Gold Annual Report" (in en). p. 7. 
  68. "Kinross reports 2017 fourth-quarter and full-year results" (in en). Kinross Gold. February 14, 2018. 
  69. See page 110 of 2010 Annual Report -
  70. "2015 Annual Report" (in en). Kinross Gold Corporation. 
  71. See page MDA14 2013 financial statements -
  72. Webb, Mariaan (29 July 2021). "Kinross unveils share buyback plan, lowers Tasiast restart costs". 
  73. Ian, McGugan (10 November 2015). "Kinross to shut down Denver office, cut 110 corporate jobs". The Globe and Mail. 
  74. Bochove, Danielle (18 February 2016). "Kinross Gold's credit rating cut to junk". The Globe and Mail. 
  75. Moody's, Staff (28 June 2017). "Moody's assigns Ba1 rating to Kinross Gold Corporation's new senior unsecured notes". Moody's Investor Service. 
  76. "Form 6-K KINROSS GOLD CORP For: Mar 03". 
  77. "Mining Weekly - Moody's upgrades Kinross rating to investment grade" (in en). 
  78. "What does it take to be a responsible miner?". 
  79. "GOLD: Maclean's names Kinross top socially responsible mining company". 16 June 2015. 
  80. "2012 CR Data Supplement". Kinross Gold Corporation. 
  81. "Jantzi-Macleans 50 Most Socially Responsible Corporations 2009". Maclean's. June 18, 2009. 
  82. "CSR ABROAD – Anti-Corruption and Bribery". 
  83. "Kinross Chair in Environmental Governance". 
  84. "Kinross fights hunger crisis in Mauritania". 
  85. McManus, Deaglan; Garvie, Drew; O’Brien, Padraic (13 September 2013). "Feeding corporate responsibility". 
  86. Reguly, Eric (25 February 2011). "Kinross CEO Tye Burt: Staking his claim, and his reputation". 
  87. Crossland, James (27 May 2015). "Kinross Gold takes its ethical standards seriously". The Guardian. 
  88. "2016 Best 50 results". 
  89. Overland, I., Bourmistrov, A., Dale, B., Irlbacher‐Fox, S., Juraev, J., Podgaiskii, E., Stammler, F., Tsani, S., Vakulchuk, R. and Wilson, E.C. 2021. The Arctic Environmental Responsibility Index: A method to rank heterogenous extractive industry companies for governance purposes. Business Strategy and the Environment. 30, 1623–1643.
  90. 90.0 90.1 "Kinross Gold's Sustainability Report for 2020Q4".  Alt URL
  91. "Kinross aims for carbon neutrality by 2050" (in en-US). 2021-05-12. 

External links