Earth:Indian Ocean Experiment

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The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) was a 1999 multinational scientific study designed to measure the transport of air pollution from Southeast Asia into the Indian Ocean.[1] The project was led by Veerabhadran Ramanathan.


  • Plumes of sulfates, smoke particles, and other anthropogenic aerosols blowing over the Indian Ocean was blocking sunlight and promoting cloud formation.
  • The amount of sunlight reaching the Earth's surface was reduced by 10%.

See also


  1. Lelieveld, J.; Crutzen, P. J.; Ramanathan, V.; Andreae, M. O.; Brenninkmeijer, C. M.; Campos, T.; Cass, G. R.; Dickerson, R. R. et al. (2001). "The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia". Science 291 (5506): 1031–1036. doi:10.1126/science.1057103. PMID 11161214. Bibcode2001Sci...291.1031L.