Engineering:AEC Armoured Command Vehicle
|AEC 4x4 ACV|
A captured AEC Command Car used by Erwin Rommel in the North African campaign.
|Type||Armoured command vehicle|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Used by||British Army|
|Wars||Second World War|
|Manufacturer||Associated Equipment Company|
Birtley Ordnance Factory
Weymann Motor Bodies
|Produced||1941 - 1948|
|Variants||Low Power, High Power, AEC 6x6 ACV|
|Length||20 ft 0 in (6.10 m)|
|Width||7 ft 9 in (2.36 m)|
|Height||9 ft 6 in (2.90 m)|
|Crew||7-8 (3 officers, 3 radio operators, 2 drivers)|
|Armour||10–12 mm (0.39–0.47 in)|
|1 x .303 inch Bren light machine gun, carried inside|
|Engine||AEC 187 6-cylinder diesel engine|
95 hp (71 kW)
|280 mi (450 km)|
|Speed||37 mph (60 km/h)|
During the Second World War, the United Kingdom was the only country to develop and widely employ purpose-built armoured command vehicles. Those were essentially armoured buses based on truck chassis.
The most common ACV of the British Army was the AEC 4x4 ACV. The vehicle, based on AEC Matador chassis, entered production in 1941. A total of about 415 units were built. The vehicle was used for the first time in the North African Campaign and remained in service until the end of the war. Big and comfortable, it was nicknamed Dorchester by the troops, after the luxury hotel in London. Three ACVs of this type were captured by the German Afrika Korps. Two of them, named "Max" and "Moritz", were employed by Rommel and his staff throughout the campaign.
In 1944 a larger AEC 6x6 ACV was developed. The vehicle was based on AEC 0857 lorry chassis and was powered by the AEC 198 150 hp engine. The hull was welded from 9 mm thick rolled steel. The weight of the vehicle reached 17 tons. One hundred and fifty one units were built.
Both vehicles were built in two configurations, called LP (Low Power) and HP (High Power), with different radio equipment.
Some ACVs were conversions of Armoured Demolition Vehicles which used the same bodywork.
- High Power
- One No. 19 wireless set, one R 107 High Frequency reception set. The No 19 set had a maximum output of 30 Watts and maximum range of 45 miles (72km).
- Low Power body
- two No 19 wireless sets. No 19 set with a maximum output of 30 watt and maximum range of 45 miles (72km) for communications with higher commands.
- Forty, George - World War Two Armoured Fighting Vehicles and Self-Propelled Artillery, Osprey Publishing 1996, ISBN:1-85532-582-9.
- Moschanskiy, I (February 1999), "Бронетанковая техника Великобритании 1939–1945 часть 2", Моделист-Конструктор [Modelist-Konstruktor] (Bronekollektsiya)
- Henry, Richard (December 2015), "Armoured Command Vehicles", Military History Journal (The South African Military History Society) 16 (6), http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol166rh.html
- Nase noviny
- AFRIKAKORPS / AANA Research AEC Dorchester 4X4 or DAK "Mammoth"
- Max Rommels AEC "Dorchester" 4x4, Armoured Command Vehicle in African theatre
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AEC Armoured Command Vehicle. Read more