Place:Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site
Artists conception of the site layout.
|Location||Marksville, Louisiana, Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana, USA|
|Region||Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana|
|Cultures||Marksville culture, Avoyel and Natchez peoples|
Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site
|NRHP reference #||66000372|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||July 19, 1964|
Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site, also known as the Marksville site, (16 AV 1) is a Marksville culture archaeological site located 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of Marksville in Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana. The site features numerous earthworks built by the prehistoric indigenous peoples of southeastern North America.
Marksville is the type site for the Marksville culture (a local variation of the Hopewell tradition) and was the first scientifically excavated site for the culture. Centuries later the Avoyel and Natchez peoples lived in the vicinity of the site until 1700. Burial mounds at the site are surrounded by a horseshoe-shaped earthen embankment about 3,000 feet (910 m) long. The site is also one of the largest of the period in the southeastern United States, with large and distinctive ring features not found elsewhere. The site's importance has been known since the 1920s, when it was first formally investigated, and it is regularly the subject of further investigation. Radiometric dating of the sites features have yielded occupancy dates from 0-400 CE.
Landmark and access
The site was formerly operated by the State of Louisiana as a Louisiana State Park, however, in August 2020, the ownership and operations of the site transferred to the City of Marksville. As of November 2021, the site is closed to public access.
- Crooks mound
- Grand Gulf Mound
- List of Hopewell sites
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007. https://npgallery.nps.gov/NRHP.
- "Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=253&ResourceType=Site. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
- Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Marksville Indian Museum Historical Marker". http://www.stoppingpoints.com/louisiana/Avoyelles/Indian+Museum.html.
- McGimsey, Chip (Summer 2003). "The Rings of Marksville". Southeastern Archaeology 22 (1): 47–62.
- Griffin, John W. (February 28, 1964) (pdf). National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings: Marksville. National Park Service. https://npgallery.nps.gov/NRHP/GetAsset/NHLS/66000372_text. and Accompanying photos, exterior and interior, from 19. (32 KB)
- Marksville State Historic Site - Louisiana Office of State Parks - Official Page
- Jones, Dennis (1991). Weinsten, Richard A.. ed. "The Avoyelles Prairie Terrace : Concentrated Archaeology". Louisiana Archaeological Society Newsletter (Louisiana Archaeological Society) 18 (1): 10–15. Archived from the original on 2014-04-15. https://web.archive.org/web/20140415192920/http://www.laarchaeology.org/newsletters/1991%20No.%201.pdf.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site. Read more