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Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting.

Navagraha means "nine planets" in Sanskrit and are nine astronomical bodies as well as mythical deities in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[1] These are the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, and the ascending and descending lunar nodes.

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes

The term is derived from nava (nine) and graha (Sanskrit: graha "planet, seizing, laying hold of, holding").[2]

The Navagraha are:[1]

  1. Surya (a.k.a. Ravi), the Sun
  2. Chandra (a.k.a. Soma), the Moon
  3. Mangala, Mars
  4. Budha (Budh), Mercury
  5. Guru, Jupiter
  6. Shukra, Venus
  7. Shani, Saturn
  8. Rahu, Lunar ascending node
  9. Ketu, Lunar descending node


Temples that incorporate or are dedicated to one or all nine of the Navagraha are found in different parts of India, such as in Tamil Nadu.[3]

  • Surya Navagrahastalam -- Suryanar Kovil
  • Chandra Navagrahastalam -- Kailasanthar Temple, Thingalur
  • Angaarakan Navagrahastalam -- Vaitheeswaran Koil
  • Budha Navagrahastalam -- Swetharanyeswarar Temple, Thiruvenkadu
  • Guru Navagrahastalam -- Apatsahayesvarar Temple, Alangudi
  • Sukra Navagrahastalam -- Agniswarar Temple, Kanjanur
  • Shani Navagrahastalam -- Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple
  • Raahu Navagrahastalam -- Naganathaswami Temple, Thirunageswaram
  • Ketu Navagrahastalam -- Nagannathaswamy Temple, Keezhaperumpallam
Navagraha sculpture from Bihar, India, 10th century, now at the San Diego Museum of Art.
Navagraha statues from Konark, Odisha at British Museum.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. pp. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6. https://books.google.com/books?id=DH0vmD8ghdMC. 
  2. Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, 1899
  3. Anantharaman, Ambjuam (2006). Temples of South India (second ed.). East West. pp. x-xxi, 302–304. ISBN 978-81-88661-42-8.