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Shaobing Song
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The Shaobing Song (Chinese: 烧饼歌), also known as Pancake Poem[1] or Pancake Song,[2] is a poem purported to be written by Liu Bowen during the Ming dynasty. He supposedly presented the poem to the Hongwu Emperor.[3]


The poem is named after the Chinese pastry shaobing. It is written in cryptic form and is difficult to understand. Some believe that certain lines contain references to the future of China at the time including:

  • Jingnan campaign (1399-1402)[4]
  • 1449 Mongol invasion (土木之变)[5]
  • Rise of Zheng He
  • Political Unrest of Wei Zhongxian (魏忠贤乱政)[4]
  • Fall of the Ming Dynasty and the Rise of the Qing Dynasty
  • First Opium War
  • First Sino-Japanese War[6]
  • Founding of the Republic of China[7]


Some Chinese researchers claimed that Pancake Poem is quite spiritual and is representative of the Chinese prophecy culture.[8]

However, most of the work's predictions of what would happen after 1911 are too vague and inaccurate. This led some experts to believe the work is a hoax of recent production, designed to reassure people that all would be well when there was much unrest as a consequence of the Japanese invasion and the rise of communism.[3]

See also


  1. Fate and Prognostication in the Chinese Literary Imagination. Brill Publishers. 28 April 2020. pp. 204–. ISBN 978-90-04-42757-0. https://books.google.com/books?id=NC_gDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA204. 
  2. Long Buxiang (20 December 2019). The Unique Psychic System: Volume 12. Funstory. pp. 41–. ISBN 978-1-64781-759-6. https://books.google.com/books?id=ujfrDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT41. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Windridge, Charles. [1999] (2003) Tong Sing The Chinese Book of Wisdom. Kyle Cathie Limited. ISBN:0-7607-4535-8. pg 124-125.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Proceedings of Professor Lo Hsiang-lin. Wanyou Book Company. 1970. pp. 166-. https://books.google.com/books?id=jZCwAAAAIAAJ. 
  5. Xu Peiqi (1 January 2010). General Knowledge Idiom Classroom: Religious Mythology Chapter. Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 219-. ISBN 978-962-8931-76-7. https://books.google.com/books?id=7JyTAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA219. 
  6. Pan Guangjian (1962). History of First Sino-Japanese War. Practice Society. https://books.google.com/books?id=pgSFAAAAIAAJ. 
  7. Bai Xue (1993). Heaven Knows Earth Knows I Know. Chunfeng Literature & Art Publishing House. pp. 181-. https://books.google.com/books?id=BlxeAAAAIAAJ. 
  8. Li Youqian (29 September 2015). Li Youqian essay collection (2). Shanghai Huawen Creative Writing Center. pp. 115-. GGKEY:Q60CLWPD9ZP. https://books.google.com/books?id=4lyfCgAAQBAJ&pg=PT115.