Unsolved:The Da Vinci Code

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Short description: 2003 novel by Dan Brown
The Da Vinci Code
The first U.S. edition
AuthorDan Brown
CountryUnited States
SeriesRobert Langdon #2
GenreMystery, Detective fiction, Conspiracy fiction, Thriller
PublisherDoubleday (US)
Publication date
March 18, 2003[1]
Pages689 (U.S. hardback)
489 (U.S. paperback)
ISBNISBN:0-385-50420-9 (US)
813/.54 21
LC ClassPS3552.R685434 D3 2003
Preceded byAngels & Demons 
Followed byThe Lost Symbol 

The Da Vinci Code is a 2003 mystery thriller novel by Dan Brown. It is Brown's second novel to include the character Robert Langdon: the first was his 2000 novel Angels & Demons. The Da Vinci Code follows symbologist Robert Langdon and cryptologist Sophie Neveu after a murder in the Louvre Museum in Paris causes them to become involved in a battle between the Priory of Sion and Opus Dei over the possibility of Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene having had a child together.

The novel explores an alternative religious history, whose central plot point is that the Merovingian kings of France were descended from the bloodline of Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene, ideas derived from Clive Prince's The Templar Revelation (1997) and books by Margaret Starbird. The book also refers to The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail (1982), though Dan Brown has stated that it was not used as research material.[citation needed]

The Da Vinci Code provoked a popular interest in speculation concerning the Holy Grail legend and Mary Magdalene's role in the history of Christianity. The book has, however, been extensively denounced by many Christian denominations as an attack on the Catholic Church, and also consistently criticized by scholars for its historical and scientific inaccuracies. The novel nonetheless became a massive worldwide bestseller[2] that sold 80 million copies (As of 2009)[3] and has been translated into 44 languages. In November 2004, Random House published a Special Illustrated Edition with 160 illustrations. In 2006, a film adaptation was released by Columbia Pictures.


Louvre curator and Priory of Sion grand master Jacques Saunière is fatally shot one night at the museum by an albino Catholic monk named Silas, who is working on behalf of someone he knows only as the Teacher, who wishes to discover the location of the "keystone," an item crucial in the search for the Holy Grail.

After Saunière's body is discovered in the pose of the Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci, the police summon Harvard professor Robert Langdon, who is in town on business. Police captain Bezu Fache tells him that he was summoned to help the police decode the cryptic message Saunière left during the final minutes of his life. The message includes a Fibonacci sequence out of order and an anagram: 'O, draconian devil Oh, lame saint'.

Langdon explains to Fache that the pentacle Saunière drew on his chest in his own blood represents an allusion to the goddess and not devil worship, as Fache believes.

Sophie Neveu, a police cryptographer, secretly explains to Langdon that she is Saunière's estranged granddaughter and that Fache thinks Langdon is the murderer because the last line in her grandfather's message, which was meant for Neveu, said "P.S. Find Robert Langdon," which Fache had erased prior to Langdon's arrival. However, "P.S." does not refer to "postscript", but rather to Sophie the nickname given to her by her grandfather was "Princess Sophie". She understands that her grandfather intended Langdon to decipher the code, which leads to Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, which in turn leads to his painting Madonna of the Rocks. They find a pendant that holds the address of the Paris branch of the Depository Bank of Zurich.

Replica cryptex: prize from Google Da Vinci Code Quest Contest

Neveu and Langdon escape from the police and visit the bank. In the safe deposit box, they find a box containing the keystone: a cryptex, a cylindrical, hand-held vault with five concentric, rotating dials labeled with letters. When these are lined up correctly, they unlock the device. If the cryptex is forced open, an enclosed vial of vinegar breaks and dissolves the message inside the cryptex, which was written on papyrus. The box containing the cryptex contains clues to its password.

Langdon and Neveu take the keystone to the home of Langdon's friend, Sir Leigh Teabing, an expert on the Holy Grail, the legend of which is heavily connected to the Priory. There, Teabing explains that the Grail is not a cup, but connected to Mary Magdalene, and that she was Jesus Christ's wife and is the person to his right in The Last Supper.

The trio then flee the country on Teabing's private plane, on which they conclude that the proper combination of letters spells out Neveu's given name, Sofia. Opening the cryptex, they discover a smaller cryptex inside it, along with another riddle that ultimately leads the group to the tomb of Isaac Newton in Westminster Abbey.

During the flight to Britain, Neveu reveals the source of her estrangement from her grandfather ten years earlier: arriving home unexpectedly from university, Neveu secretly witnessed a spring fertility rite conducted in the secret basement of her grandfather's country estate. From her hiding place, she was shocked to see her grandfather with a woman at the center of a ritual attended by men and women who were wearing masks and chanting praise to the goddess. She fled the house and broke off all contact with Saunière. Langdon explains that what she witnessed was an ancient ceremony known as hieros gamos or "sacred marriage."

By the time they arrive at Westminster Abbey, Teabing is revealed to be the Teacher for whom Silas is working. Teabing wishes to use the Holy Grail, which he believes is a series of documents establishing that Jesus Christ married Mary Magdalene and fathered children, in order to ruin the Vatican. He compels Langdon at gunpoint to solve the second cryptex's password, which Langdon realizes is "apple." Langdon secretly opens the cryptex and removes its contents before tossing the empty cryptex in the air.

Teabing is arrested by Fache, who by now realizes that Langdon is innocent. Bishop Aringarosa, head of religious sect Opus Dei and Silas' mentor, realizing that Silas has been used to murder innocent people, rushes to help the police find him. When the police find Silas hiding in an Opus Dei Center, Silas assumes that they are there to kill him and he rushes out, accidentally shooting Bishop Aringarosa. Bishop Aringarosa survives but is informed that Silas was found dead later from a gunshot wound.

The final message inside the second keystone leads Neveu and Langdon to Rosslyn Chapel, whose docent turns out to be Neveu's long-lost brother, who Neveu had been told died as a child in the car accident that killed her parents. The guardian of Rosslyn Chapel, Marie Chauvel Saint Clair, is Neveu's long-lost grandmother. It is revealed that Neveu and her brother are descendants of Mary Magdalene. The Priory of Sion hid her identity to protect her from possible threats to her life.

The real meaning of the last message is that the Grail is buried beneath the small pyramid directly below La Pyramide Inversée, the inverted glass pyramid of the Louvre. It also lies beneath the "Rose Line," an allusion to "Rosslyn." Langdon figures out this final piece to the puzzle; he follows the Rose Line (prime meridian) to La Pyramide Inversée, where he kneels to pray before the hidden sarcophagus of Mary Magdalene, as the Templar knights did before.




The Da Vinci Code was a major success in 2003, outsold only by J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.[4] As of 2016, it had sold 80 million copies worldwide.[5]

Historical inaccuracies

Main page: Philosophy:Criticism of The Da Vinci Code
A woman protesting against The Da Vinci Code film outside a movie theater in Culver City, California. The TFP acronym in the banner stands for the American Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family and Property.

The Da Vinci Code generated criticism when it was first published for the fictitious description of core aspects of Christianity and descriptions of European art, history, and architecture. The book has received negative reviews mostly from Catholic and other Christian communities.

Many critics took issue with the level of research Brown did when writing the story. The New York Times writer Laura Miller characterized the novel as "based on a notorious hoax", "rank nonsense", and "bogus", saying the book is heavily based on the fabrications of Pierre Plantard, who is asserted to have created the Priory of Sion in 1956.[6]

Critics accuse Brown of distorting and fabricating history (i.e, the critics did not treat it as not a work of fiction). For example, theological author Marcia Ford considers that novels should be judged not on their literary merit, but on their conclusions:

Regardless of whether you agree with Brown's conclusions, it's clear that his history is largely fanciful, which means he and his publisher have violated a long-held if unspoken agreement with the reader: Fiction that purports to present historical facts should be researched as carefully as a nonfiction book would be.[7]

Richard Abanes wrote:

The most flagrant aspect... is not that Dan Brown disagrees with Christianity but that he utterly warps it in order to disagree with it... to the point of completely rewriting a vast number of historical events. And making the matter worse has been Brown's willingness to pass off his distortions as 'facts' with which innumerable scholars and historians agree.[7]

To keep this in context, critics have made similar observations about great works of fiction set in historical contexts, such as Macbeth, with no scandal.[8][9] There are two main differences.

The most compelling is that The Da Vinci Code was marketed as being accurate. The story opens with a "fact" page that states that "The Priory of Sion—a French secret society founded in 1099—is a real organization", whereas the Priory of Sion is a hoax created in 1956 by Pierre Plantard, which Plantard admitted under oath in 1994, well before the publication of The Da Vinci Code.[10] The page also states that "all descriptions of artwork, architecture, documents… and secret rituals in this novel are accurate", but this claim is disputed by numerous academic scholars and experts in numerous areas.[11] This "fact" page is itself fiction. (In the Corgi edition, this "fact" page is tellingly placed after the final title page (i.e., as part of the story), in contrast to the placement of the corresponding page in Brown's previous book Angels and Daemons.[12]) Any debate about whether or not it is ethical to label this part of the story with the heading "fact" has been drowned out by criticism of the lack of historicity itself. This is in stark contrast to the reaction to Welles's War of the Worlds which focused on the portrayal as fact rather than the lack of "accuracy".

In contrast, Macbeth was distorted to favour those in power at the time of its release.[13]

Dan Brown addressed the idea of some of the more controversial aspects being fact on his website, stating that the page at the beginning of the novel mentions only "documents, rituals, organization, artwork and architecture", but not any of the ancient theories discussed by fictional characters, stating that "Interpreting those ideas is left to the reader". Brown also says, "It is my belief that some of the theories discussed by these characters may have merit" and "the secret behind The Da Vinci Code was too well documented and significant for me to dismiss."[14]

In 2003, while promoting the novel, Brown was asked in interviews what parts of the history in his novel actually happened. He replied "Absolutely all of it."[15] In a 2003 interview with CNN's Martin Savidge he was again asked how much of the historical background was true. He replied, "99% is true… the background is all true".[16]

Asked by Elizabeth Vargas in an ABC News special if the book would have been different if he had written it as non-fiction he replied, "I don't think it would have."[17]

In 2005, UK TV personality Tony Robinson edited and narrated a detailed rebuttal of the main arguments of Dan Brown and those of Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln, who authored the book Holy Blood, Holy Grail, in the program The Real Da Vinci Code, shown on British TV Channel 4. The program featured lengthy interviews with many of the main protagonists cited by Brown as "absolute fact" in The Da Vinci Code.

Arnaud de Sède, son of Gérard de Sède, stated categorically that his father and Plantard had made up the existence of the Prieuré de Sion, the cornerstone of the Jesus bloodline theory: "frankly, it was piffle",[18] noting that the concept of a descendant of Jesus was also an element of the 1999 Kevin Smith film Dogma.

The earliest appearance of this theory is due to the 13th-century Cistercian monk and chronicler Peter of Vaux de Cernay who reported that Cathars believed that the 'evil' and 'earthly' Jesus Christ had a relationship with Mary Magdalene, described as his concubine (and that the 'good Christ' was incorporeal and existed spiritually in the body of Paul).[19] The program The Real Da Vinci Code also cast doubt on the Rosslyn Chapel association with the Grail and on other related stories, such as the alleged landing of Mary Magdalene in France.

According to The Da Vinci Code, the Roman Emperor Constantine I suppressed Gnosticism because it portrayed Jesus as purely human. The novel's argument is as follows:[20] Constantine wanted Christianity to act as a unifying religion for the Roman Empire. He thought Christianity would appeal to pagans only if it featured a demigod similar to pagan heroes. According to the Gnostic Gospels, Jesus was merely a human prophet, not a demigod. Therefore, to change Jesus' image, Constantine destroyed the Gnostic Gospels and promoted the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, which portray Jesus as divine or semi-divine.

However, most scholars agree that All Gnostic writings depict Christ as purely divine, his human body being a mere illusion (see Docetism).[21] Gnostic sects saw Christ this way because they regarded matter as evil, and therefore believed that a divine spirit would never have taken on a material body.[22]

Literary criticism

The book received both positive and negative reviews from critics, and it has been the subject of negative appraisals concerning its portrayal of history. Its writing and historical accuracy were reviewed negatively by The New Yorker,[23] Salon.com,[24] and Maclean's.[25]


Janet Maslin of The New York Times said that one word "concisely conveys the kind of extreme enthusiasm with which this riddle-filled, code-breaking, exhilaratingly brainy thriller can be recommended. That word is wow. The author is Dan Brown (a name you will want to remember). In this gleefully erudite suspense novel, Mr. Brown takes the format he has been developing through three earlier novels and fine-tunes it to blockbuster perfection."[26]

David Lazarus of The San Francisco Chronicle said, "This story has so many twists—all satisfying, most unexpected—that it would be a sin to reveal too much of the plot in advance. Let's just say that if this novel doesn't get your pulse racing, you need to check your meds."[27]

While interviewing Umberto Eco in a 2008 issue of The Paris Review, Lila Azam Zanganeh characterized The Da Vinci Code as "a bizarre little offshoot" of Eco's novel, Foucault's Pendulum. In response, Eco remarked, "Dan Brown is a character from Foucault's Pendulum! I invented him. He shares my characters' fascinations—the world conspiracy of Rosicrucians, Masons, and Jesuits. The role of the Knights Templar. The hermetic secret. The principle that everything is connected. I suspect Dan Brown might not even exist."[28]

The book appeared at number 43 on a 2010 list of 101 best books ever written, which was derived from a survey of more than 15,000 Australian readers.[29]


Stephen King likened Dan Brown's work to "Jokes for the John", calling such literature the "intellectual equivalent of Kraft Macaroni and Cheese".[30]

Roger Ebert described it as a "potboiler written with little grace and style," although he added it did "supply an intriguing plot".[31] In his review of the film National Treasure, whose plot also involves ancient conspiracies and treasure hunts, he wrote: "I should read a potboiler like The Da Vinci Code every once in a while, just to remind myself that life is too short to read books like The Da Vinci Code."[32]


In addition to literary criticism, the book has received many unsubstantiated insults.

Salman Rushdie said during a lecture, "Do not start me on The Da Vinci Code. A novel so bad that it gives bad novels a bad name."[33]

Stephen Fry has referred to Brown's writings as "complete loose stool-water" and "arse gravy of the worst kind".[34] In a live chat on June 14, 2006, he clarified, "I just loathe all those book[s] about the Holy Grail and Masons and Catholic conspiracies and all that botty-dribble. I mean, there's so much more that's interesting and exciting in art and in history. It plays to the worst and laziest in humanity, the desire to think the worst of the past and the desire to feel superior to it in some fatuous way."[35] That is, Stephen Fry was objecting to the genre, which includes critically acclaimed books like Umberto Eco's Foucault's Pendulum, rather than uniquely The Da Vinci Code.

A. O. Scott, reviewing the movie based on the book for The New York Times , called the book "Dan Brown's best-selling primer on how not to write an English sentence".[36]

The New Yorker reviewer Anthony Lane refers to it as "unmitigated junk" and decries "the crumbling coarseness of the style".[23]

Linguist Geoffrey Pullum and others posted several entries critical of Dan Brown's writing, at Language Log, calling Brown one of the "worst prose stylists in the history of literature" and saying Brown's "writing is not just bad; it is staggeringly, clumsily, thoughtlessly, almost ingeniously bad".[37]


Author Lewis Perdue alleged that Brown plagiarized two of his novels, The Da Vinci Legacy, originally published in 1983, and Daughter of God, originally published in 2000. He sought to block distribution of the book and film. However, Judge George Daniels of the US District Court in New York ruled against Perdue in 2005, saying that "A reasonable average lay observer would not conclude that The Da Vinci Code is substantially similar to Daughter of God" and that "Any slightly similar elements are on the level of generalized or otherwise unprotectable ideas."[38] Perdue appealed; the 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the original decision, saying Mr. Perdue's arguments were "without merit".[39]

In early 2006, Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh filed suit against Brown's publisher, Random House. They alleged that significant portions of The Da Vinci Code were plagiarized from The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, violating their copyright.[40] Brown confirmed during the court case that he named the principal Grail expert of his story Leigh Teabing, an anagram of "Baigent Leigh", after the two plaintiffs. In reply to the suggestion that Henry Lincoln was also referred to in the book, since he has medical problems resulting in a severe limp, like the character of Leigh Teabing, Brown stated he was unaware of Lincoln's illness and the correspondence was a coincidence.[41] Since Baigent and Leigh had presented their conclusions as historical research, not as fiction, Mr Justice Peter Smith, who presided over the trial, deemed that a novelist must be free to use these ideas in a fictional context, and ruled against Baigent and Leigh. Smith also hid his own secret code in his written judgment, in the form of seemingly random italicized letters in the 71-page document, which apparently spell out a message. Smith indicated he would confirm the code if someone broke it.[42] After losing before the High Court on July 12, 2006, Baigent and Leigh appealed to the Court of Appeal, unsuccessfully.[41][42]

In April 2006 Mikhail Anikin, a Russian scientist and art historian working as a senior researcher at the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, stated the intention to bring a lawsuit against Dan Brown, maintaining that he was the one who coined the phrase used as the book's title and one of the ideas regarding the Mona Lisa used in its plot. Anikin interprets the Mona Lisa to be a Christian allegory consisting of two images, one of Jesus Christ that comprises the image's right half, and one of the Virgin Mary that forms its left half. According to Anikin, he expressed this idea to a group of experts from the Museum of Houston during a 1988 René Magritte exhibit at the Hermitage, and when one of the Americans requested permission to pass it along to a friend Anikin granted the request on condition that he be credited in any book using his interpretation. Anikin eventually compiled his research into Leonardo da Vinci or Theology on Canvas, a book published in 2000, but The Da Vinci Code, published three years later, makes no mention of Anikin and instead asserts that the idea in question is a "well-known opinion of a number of scientists."[43][44]

Brown has been sued twice in U.S. Federal courts by the author Jack Dunn who claims Brown copied a huge part of his book The Vatican Boys to write The Da Vinci Code and Angels & Demons. Neither lawsuit was allowed to go to a jury trial. In 2017, in London, another claim was begun against Brown by Jack Dunn who claimed that justice was not served in the U.S. lawsuits.[45]

Possibly the largest reaction occurred in Kolkata, India, where a group of around 25 protesters "stormed" Crossword bookstore, pulled copies of the book from the racks, and threw them to the ground. On the same day, a group of 50–60 protesters successfully made the Oxford Bookstore on Park Street decide to stop selling the book "until the controversy sparked by the film's release was resolved".[46] Thus in 2006, seven Indian states (Nagaland, Punjab, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh) banned the release or exhibition of the Hollywood movie The Da Vinci Code (as well as the book).[47] Later, two states, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, lifted the ban under high court order.[48][49]

Release details

The book has been translated into over 44 languages, primarily hardcover.[50] Major English-language (hardcover) editions include:


Columbia Pictures adapted the novel to film, with a screenplay written by Akiva Goldsman, and Academy Award winner Ron Howard directing. The film was released on May 19, 2006, and stars Tom Hanks as Robert Langdon, Audrey Tautou as Sophie Neveu, and Sir Ian McKellen as Sir Leigh Teabing. During its opening weekend, moviegoers spent an estimated $77 million in America, and $224 million worldwide.[52]

The movie received mixed reviews. Roger Ebert in its review wrote that "Ron Howard is a better filmmaker than Dan Brown is a novelist; he follows Brown's formula (exotic location, startling revelation, desperate chase scene, repeat as needed) and elevates it into a superior entertainment, with Tom Hanks as a theo-intellectual Indiana Jones... it's involving, intriguing and constantly seems on the edge of startling revelations."[31]

The film received two sequels: Angels & Demons, released in 2009, and Inferno, released in 2016. Ron Howard returned to direct both sequels.

See also


  1. "How Good Is Dan Brown's The Lost Symbol?". Time. September 15, 2009. https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,1924489,00.html. 
  2. Wyat, Edward (November 4, 2005). "'Da Vinci Code' Losing Best-Seller Status" . The New York Times.
  3. "New novel from Dan Brown due this fall". San Jose Mercury News. http://www.mercurynews.com/celebrities/ci_12530761?nclick_check=1. 
  4. Minzesheimer, Bob (December 11, 2003). "'Code' deciphers interest in religious history". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2003-12-11-da-vinci-code_x.htm. 
  5. Heller, Karen (December 29, 2016). "Meet the elite group of authors who sell 100 million books – or 350 million". https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/meet-the-elite-group-of-authors-who-sell-100-million-books-or-350-million-paolo-coelho-stephen-king-a7499096.html. 
  6. Miller, Laura (2004-02-22). "THE LAST WORD; The Da Vinci Con" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/2004/02/22/books/the-last-word-the-da-vinci-con.html. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ford, Marcia. "Da Vinci Debunkers: Spawns of Dan Brown's Bestseller". FaithfulReader. http://www.faithfulreader.com/features/0405-da_vinci_debunkers.asp. 
  8. Julián Jiménez Heffernan (2016), ""Beyond this ignorant present": the poverty of historicism in Macbeth", Palgrave Commun 2 16054, doi:10.1057/palcomms.2016.54 
  9. "Duncan and MacBeth". https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofScotland/Duncan-MacBeth/. Retrieved 6 January 2024. 
  10. "Affaire Pelat: Le Rapport du Juge", Le Point, no. 1112 (8–14 January 1994), p. 11.
  11. "History vs The Da Vinci Code". http://www.historyversusthedavincicode.com/. 
  12. The Da Vinci Code, Corgi, January 15, 2024, ISBN 978-0552149518 
  13. Specifically the portrayal of Banquo, an ancestor of James Stewart "The real Duncan and Macbeth - Kings of Scotland". https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofScotland/Duncan-MacBeth/. 
  14. Kelleher, Ken; Kelleher, Carolyn (April 24, 2006). "The Da Vinci Code". Dan Brown. http://www.danbrown.com/#/davinciCode/questions. 
  15. "NBC Today Interview". NBC Today. June 3, 2003. http://www.booksattransworld.co.uk/danbrown/interview.htm. 
  16. "Interview With Dan Brown". CNN Sunday Morning (CNN). May 25, 2003. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0305/25/sm.21.html. 
  17. "Fiction". http://www.historyversusthedavincicode.com/fiction.htm. 
  18. The Real Da Vinci Code. Channel 4.
  19. Sibly, WA; Sibly, MD (1998), The History of the Albigensian Crusade: Peter of les Vaux-de-Cernay's "Historia Albigensis", Boydell, ISBN 0-85115-658-4, "Further, in their secret meetings they said that the Christ who was born in the earthly and visible Bethlehem and crucified at Jerusalem was 'evil', and that Mary Magdalene was his concubine – and that she was the woman taken in adultery who is referred to in the Scriptures; the 'good' Christ, they said, neither ate nor drank nor assumed the true flesh and was never in this world, except spiritually in the body of Paul. I have used the term 'the earthly and visible Bethlehem' because the heretics believed there is a different and invisible earth in which – according to some of them – the 'good' Christ was born and crucified." 
  20. O'Neill, Tim (2006), "55. Early Christianity and Political Power", History versus the Da Vinci Code, http://www.historyversusthedavincicode.com/chapterfiftyfive.htm#christpower, retrieved February 16, 2009 .
  21. Arendzen, John Peter (1913), "Docetae", Catholic Encyclopedia, 5, New York: Robert Appleton, "The idea of the unreality of Christ's human nature was held by the oldest Gnostic sects [...] Docetism, as far as at present known, [was] always an accompaniment of Gnosticism or later of Manichaeism." 
  22. O'Neill, Tim (2006), "55. Nag Hammadi and the Dead Sea Scrolls", History versus the Da Vinci Code, http://www.historyversusthedavincicode.com/chapterfiftyfive.htm#nagdss, retrieved February 16, 2009 .
  23. 23.0 23.1 Lane, Anthony (May 29, 2006). "Heaven Can Wait" . The New Yorker.
  24. Miller, Laura (December 29, 2004). "The Da Vinci crock" . Salon.com. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  25. Steyn, Mark (May 10, 2006) "The Da Vinci Code: bad writing for Biblical illiterates" . Maclean's.
  26. Maslin, Janet (March 17, 2003). "Spinning a Thriller From a Gallery at the Louvre" .
  27. Lazarus, David (April 6, 2003). "'Da Vinci Code' a heart-racing thriller". San Francisco Chronicle.
  28. Zanganeh, Lila Azam. "Umberto Eco, The Art of Fiction No. 197" . The Paris Review. Summer 2008, Number 185. Retrieved 2012-04-27.
  29. Yeoman, William (June 30, 2010), "Vampires trump wizards as readers pick their best", The West Australian, https://thewest.com.au/news/australia/vampires-trump-wizards-as-readers-pick-their-best-ng-ya-207095, retrieved March 24, 2011  List, http://l.yimg.com/ea/doc/-/100629/the_top_100_list-162jebm.pdf .
  30. "Stephen King address, University of Maine". Archive. http://www.stephenking.com/com_address/. 
  31. 31.0 31.1 Ebert, Roger (May 18, 2006), "Veni, Vidi, Da Vinci", RogerEbert.com, https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/the-da-vinci-code-2006 
  32. Ebert, Roger (November 18, 2004), "Clueless caper just fool's gold", RogerEbert.com, https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/national-treasure-2004 
  33. "Famed author takes on Kansas". October 7, 2005. http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2005/oct/07/famed_author_takes_kansas/?city_local. 
  34. "3x12", QI, http://www.qitranscripts.com/transcripts/3x12 [yes|permanent dead link|dead link}}].
  35. "Interview with Douglas Adams Continuum". Douglas Adams. http://www.douglasadams.se/forum/viewtopic.php?p=175185#175185. 
  36. Scott, A.O. (May 18, 2006). "Movie Review: A 'Da Vinci Code' That Takes Longer to Watch Than Read". The New York Times. http://movies2.nytimes.com/2006/05/18/movies/18code.html. 
  37. "The Dan Brown code", Language Log, University of Pennsylvania, http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/000844.html  (also follow other links at the bottom of that page)
  38. "Author Brown 'did not plagiarise'" , BBC News, August 6, 2005
  39. "Delays to latest Dan Brown novel" , BBC News, April 21, 2006
  40. "Judge creates own Da Vinci code". BBC News. April 27, 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4949488.stm. 
  41. 41.0 41.1 "Authors who lost 'Da Vinci Code' copying case to mount legal appeal". http://nyakornel.blogspot.com/2007/05/pros-and-cons-of-da-vinci-code-to.html. 
  42. 42.0 42.1 "Judge rejects claims in 'Da Vinci' suit". Today.com. MSN. April 7, 2006. https://www.today.com/popculture/judge-rejects-claims-da-vinci-suit-wbna12202180. 
  43. Page, Jeremy. "Now Russian sues Brown over his Da Vinski Code", The Sunday Times, April 12, 2006
  44. Grachev, Guerman (13 April 2006), "Russian scientist to sue best-selling author Dan Brown over 'Da Vinci Code' plagiarism", Pravda (Russia), http://english.pravda.ru/society/stories/13-04-2006/79125-danbrown-0/, retrieved May 13, 2011 .
  45. Teodorczuk, Tom (2017-12-14). "Dan Brown faces possible new plagiarism lawsuit over 'The Da Vinci Code'". https://www.marketwatch.com/story/dan-brown-faces-possible-new-plagiarism-lawsuit-over-the-da-vinci-code-2017-10-18. 
  46. "Novel earns vandal wrath - Code controversy deepens with warning from protesters". The Telegraph. India. May 18, 2006. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1060518/asp/calcutta/story_6236447.asp. 
  47. "India extends Da Vinci Code ban" on the ground that it outraged the religious feeling of Christians. Roman Catholic Bishop Marampudi Joji, based in Andhra Pradesh's capital Hyderabad, welcomed the ban. BBC News, 3 June 2006. Retrieved 3 June 2006.
  48. "HC quashes ban on Da Vinci Code | Hyderabad News - Times of India" (in en). Jun 22, 2006. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/hc-quashes-ban-on-da-vinci-code/articleshow/1669485.cms. 
  49. "HC allows Da Vinci Code screening in TN". https://www.rediff.com/news/2006/jul/08tn.htm. 
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  52. "The Da Vinci Code (2006)". Box Office Mojo. https://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?page=main&id=davincicode.htm. 

Further reading

  • Bock, Darrell L. Breaking the da Vinci code: Answers to the questions everyone's asking (Thomas Nelson, 2004).
  • Ehrman, Bart D. Truth and fiction in The Da Vinci Code: a historian reveals what we really know about Jesus, Mary Magdalene, and Constantine (Oxford University Press, 2004).
  • Easley, Michael J., and John Ankerberg. The Da Vinci Code Controversy: 10 Facts You Should Know (Moody Publishers, 2006).
  • Gale, Cengage Learning. A Study Guide for Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code (Gale, Cengage Learning, 2015).
  • Hawel, Zeineb Sami. "Did Dan Brown Break or Repair the Taboos in the Da Vinci Code? An Analytical Study of His Dialectical Style." International Journal of Linguistics and Literature (IJLL) 7.4: 5-24. online[|permanent dead link|dead link}}]
  • Kennedy, Tammie M. "Mary Magdalene and the Politics of Public Memory: Interrogating" The Da Vinci Code"." Feminist Formations (2012): 120-139. online
  • Mexal, Stephen J. "Realism, Narrative History, and the Production of the Bestseller: The Da Vinci Code and the Virtual Public Sphere." Journal of Popular Culture 44.5 (2011): 1085–1101. online[|permanent dead link|dead link}}]
  • Newheiser, Anna-Kaisa, Miguel Farias, and Nicole Tausch. "The functional nature of conspiracy beliefs: Examining the underpinnings of belief in the Da Vinci Code conspiracy." Personality and Individual Differences 51.8 (2011): 1007–1011. online
  • Olson, Carl E., and Sandra Miesel. The da Vinci hoax: Exposing the errors in The da Vinci code (Ignatius Press, 2004).
  • Propp, William H. C. "Is The Da Vinci Code True?." Journal of Religion and Popular Culture 25.1 (2013): 34–48.
  • Pullum, Geoffrey K. "The Dan Brown code." (2004)
  • Schneider-Mayerson, Matthew. "The Dan Brown phenomenon: conspiracism in post-9/11 popular fiction." Radical History Review 2011.111 (2011): 194–201. online[|permanent dead link|dead link}}]
  • Walsh, Richard G. "Passover Plots: From Modern Fictions to Mark and Back Again." Postscripts: The Journal of Sacred Texts, Cultural Histories, and Contemporary Contexts 3.2-3 (2007): 201–222. online

External links