Apple Color Emoji

From HandWiki
Apple Color Emoji
Designer(s)Various[1]
Commissioned byApple Inc.
Also known asEmoji

Apple Color Emoji (stylized as AppleColorEmoji) is a color typeface used on Apple platforms such as iOS and macOS to display Emoji characters.[2][3]

The inclusion of emoji in the iPhone and in the Unicode standard has been credited with promoting the spreading use of emoji outside Japan.[4][5][6] As with many Apple icons past and present, they feature a design based on deep, saturated colors and gradual transitions of color, often incorporating subtle gloss effects.[7][8]

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Original release

The first version of Apple Color Emoji was released alongside iPhone OS 2.2 in November 2008 and contained 471 individual emoji glyphs.[9] Originally limited to Japanese iPhone models, this restriction was later lifted.[10]

The designers of the first Apple Color Emoji typeface were Raymond Sepulveda, Angela Guzman and Ollie Wagner.[11]

Due to the iPhone originally launching in Japan on the SoftBank network, some Apple emoji designs may have been created to resemble those on SoftBank phones.[12] For example, πŸ’ƒ (defined by Unicode as 'dancer' with no specified gender) is feminine on Apple and SoftBank phones[13] but was previously masculine or gender-neutral on others.[14][15]

Expansion

In the years 2011β€”2018 the Apple Color Emoji font expanded from 471 to 2,776 emoji[16] as of October 2018.[17]

An updated emoji keyboard was released in iOS version 8.3, this update also added varied skin tones and same-gender couples included in Unicode 6.[18] As a result, the human emoji faces switched to a neutral yellow skin tone by default, similar to the smiley emoji.[19][20]

The majority of Apple Color Emoji designs were updated with the release of iOS 10.2 in December 2016, with many appearing to be 3D-rendered.[21] According to Apple Vice President of User Interface Design Alan Dye, emoji redesigns were due to the advent of Animoji, Memoji, and higher resolution screens.[22]

157 new emoji were added to iOS in October 2018.[23]

The designers of the Apple Color Emoji typeface in versions after the initial release have not been publicly credited, following Apple's standard practice of not crediting work to individuals. Former Apple employees have offered accounts of who created various designs.[24][25][26]

Implementation

Prior to iOS 5 SoftBank encoding was used for encoding emoji on Apple devices. Beginning with iOS 5, emoji are encoded using the Unicode standard.[27][28] Emoji glyphs are stored as PNG images,[29] at several resolutions (strikes of 20, 32, 40, 48, 64, 96 and 160 pixels squared) using a proprietary "sbix" table that was later standardized in OpenType version 1.8.[29][30][31]


The font contains a number of Easter eggs. Several glyphs contain portions of the text of Apple's Think different advertisement ("Here's to the crazy ones..."), including 1F4CB "Clipboard" (πŸ“‹), 1F4C4 "Page facing up" (πŸ“„), 1F4D1 "Bookmark Tabs" (πŸ“‘), and 1F4D6 "Open book" (πŸ“–), among others. Other emoji, specified as generic objects, appear as Apple products. For example, 1F4BB "Personal computer" (πŸ’») appears as a modern MacBook,[32] while 231A "Wristwatch" (⌚) shows an Apple Watch. 1F301 "Foggy" (🌁) shows the Golden Gate Bridge behind San Francisco fog, a reference to Apple's California headquarters, and 1F4F0 "Newspaper" (πŸ“°)'s headline reads "The Apple Times".[33]

A variety of styles are used in the original sets. For example, 🐬 and πŸ™ (dolphin and octopus) were quite stylized with 'button' eyes, while 🐈 and πŸ€ (cat and rat) were more realistic, resembling watercolor paintings. This mixture of styles creates a range of possible designs: for example, 🐏 and πŸ‘ (ram and sheep) look clearly different, as do 🐫 and πŸͺ (Bactrian camel and dromedary).

Trends

Because of the calendar emoji (πŸ“…) showing July 17, this date was chosen for the annual World Emoji Day.[34] The date originally referred to the day Apple premiered its iCal calendar application in 2002.[35][36]

Although primarily intended for onscreen display (iOS having limited printing capabilities), some printed displays and signs have used Apple Color Emoji designs.[37] New York magazine used Apple Color Emoji in a printed feature on the growing use of emoji.[38]

Emoji

See also

  • Core Text

References

  1. ↑ Guzman, Angela (17 January 2018). "The Making of Apple's Emoji: How designing these tiny icons changed my life". Medium. https://medium.com/@agzmn/the-making-of-apples-emoji-how-designing-these-tiny-icons-changed-my-life-16317250a9ee. Retrieved 13 October 2018. 
  2. ↑ "Apple Emoji List β€” For iPhone, iPad and macOS" (in en). https://emojipedia.org/apple/. 
  3. ↑ "Apple brings more than 70 new emoji to iPhone with iOS 12.1" (in en-US). Apple Newsroom. https://www.apple.com/newsroom/2018/10/apple-brings-more-than-70-new-emoji-to-iphone-with-ios-12-1/. 
  4. ↑ Cipriani, Jason (2013-10-23). "How to access emoji in OS X 10.9 Mavericks". CNET. http://howto.cnet.com/8301-11310_39-57608984-285/how-to-access-emoji-in-os-x-10.9-mavericks/. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  5. ↑ "Access and Use Emoji in Mac OS X". Osxdaily.com. 2011-08-20. http://osxdaily.com/2011/08/20/emoji-mac-os-x-lion/. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  6. ↑ Jeff Blagdon (2013-03-04). "How emoji conquered the world". The Verge. https://www.theverge.com/2013/3/4/3966140/how-emoji-conquered-the-world. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  7. ↑ de With, Sebastian. "The Origin of the Inimitable Icons.". http://blog.cocoia.com/2008/the-origin-of-the-inimitable-icons/. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 
  8. ↑ Sasser, Cabel. "Twitter post". https://twitter.com/cabel/status/627237448523714560. Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  9. ↑ "Apple iPhone OS 2.2 Emoji List" (in en). https://emojipedia.org/apple/iphone-os-2.2/. 
  10. ↑ Broussard, Mitchel. "Today is the 10th Anniversary of Emoji on iPhone" (in en). https://www.macrumors.com/2018/11/21/10th-anniversary-emoji-iphone/. 
  11. ↑ Burge, Jeremy (2018-11-21). "Who Created The Original Apple Emoji Set?" (in en). Emojipedia. https://blog.emojipedia.org/who-created-the-original-apple-emoji-set/. 
  12. ↑ Burge, Jeremy (2018-09-15). "SoftBank is now on Emojipedia" (in en). Emojipedia. https://blog.emojipedia.org/softbank-is-now-on-emojipedia/. 
  13. ↑ Hunt, Paul (2017-03-20). "What is Gender and Why Does it Matter to Emoji?" (in en). Emojipedia. https://blog.emojipedia.org/what-is-gender-and-why-does-it-matter-to-emoji/. 
  14. ↑ Bosker, Bianca (27 June 2014). "How Emoji Get Lost In Translation". http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/06/27/emoji-meaning_n_5530638.html. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  15. ↑ "πŸ’ƒ Dancer Emoji" (in en). https://emojipedia.org/dancer/. 
  16. ↑ Burge, Jeremy (2018-10-30). "iOS 12.1 Emoji Changelog" (in en). Emojipedia. https://blog.emojipedia.org/ios-12-1-emoji-changelog/. 
  17. ↑ "Apple iOS 12.1 Emoji List" (in en). https://emojipedia.org/apple/ios-12.1/. 
  18. ↑ "Apple focuses on diversity with new emoji". The Telegraph. http://telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnologyandtelecoms/media/11524193/Apple-focuses-on-diversity-with-new-emoji.html. Retrieved 2015-04-09. 
  19. ↑ Tan, Monica (24 February 2015). "Apple adds racially diverse emoji, and they come in five skin shades". https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/feb/24/apple-adds-racially-diverse-emoji-and-they-come-in-five-skin-shades. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  20. ↑ "National flags and racial diversity: iOS 8.3 delivers multicultural emojis". recordnet.com. http://www.recordnet.com/article/ZZ/20150408/SHAREABLE/150409860. 
  21. ↑ "iOS 10.2 Emoji Changelog" (in en). Emojipedia. 2016-12-12. https://blog.emojipedia.org/ios-10-2-emoji-changelog/. 
  22. ↑ Burge, Jeremy (2018-11-21). "Apple Emoji Turns 10" (in en). Emojipedia. https://blog.emojipedia.org/apple-emoji-turns-10/. 
  23. ↑ Farokhmanesh, Megan. "Apple adds an emoji for the drunk weirdo at the bar". The Verge. https://www.theverge.com/2018/10/30/18044146/apple-ios-12-1-emoji-new-woozy-face-drunk-weirdo-at-bar. 
  24. ↑ Van Lancker, Willem. "Twitter post". https://twitter.com/vanlancker/status/124277499566899200. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  25. ↑ Baumann, Laurent. "Twitter post". https://twitter.com/lobau/status/483637502331215873. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  26. ↑ Van Os, Marcel. "Twitter post". https://twitter.com/mox73/status/290732609435205633. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  27. ↑ "FAQ – Emoji & Dingbats". unicode.org. https://www.unicode.org/faq/emoji_dingbats.html. 
  28. ↑ "Supporting iOS 5 New Emoji Encoding". Manbolo Blog. http://blog.manbolo.com/2011/12/12/supporting-ios-5-new-emoji-encoding. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
  29. ↑ 29.0 29.1 Ralf Herrmann (2013-07-03). "Color Emoji in Windows 8.1β€”The Future of Color Fonts?". http://opentype.info/blog/2013/07/03/color-emoji-in-windows-8-1-the-future-of-color-fonts/. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  30. ↑ Si Daniels (2012-01-25). "Apple Color Emoji". Typographica. http://typographica.org/typeface-reviews/apple-color-emoji/. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  31. ↑ "Unicode 8.0.0". Unicode Consortium. http://unicode.org/versions/Unicode8.0.0/. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  32. ↑ "πŸ’» Personal Computer Emoji" (in en). https://emojipedia.org/personal-computer/. 
  33. ↑ "πŸ“° Newspaper Emoji" (in en). https://emojipedia.org/newspaper/. 
  34. ↑ Deighan, Emma O'Neill (2015-07-17). "It's World Emoji Day, how will you celebrate?". belfastlive. https://www.belfastlive.co.uk/incoming/its-world-emoji-day-how-9680218. 
  35. ↑ "7 Emoji Facts to Help You Celebrate World Emoji Day" (in en). Time. http://time.com/4860488/world-emoji-day-facts-2017/. Retrieved 2018-06-26. 
  36. ↑ "World Emoji Day: Why It's on July 17" (in en). NBC New York. https://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/national-international/Why-Is-July-17-World-Emoji-Day-316145711.html. 
  37. ↑ "Fonts in Use". http://fontsinuse.com/typefaces/10884/apple-color-emoji. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  38. ↑ Sternbergh, Adam (17 November 2014). "Smile, You're Speaking EMOJI: the rapid evolution of a wordless tongue". http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2014/11/emojis-rapid-evolution.html. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

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