Biology:Acrididae

From HandWiki
Short description: Family of grasshoppers in the suborder Caelifera

Acrididae
Coryphistes ruricola.jpg
Bark Mimicking Grasshopper, Coryphistes ruricola (Catantopinae)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Caelifera
Superfamily: Acridoidea
Family: Acrididae
MacLeay, 1819
Subfamilies

See text

Synonyms

Acridiidae MacLeay 1821

The Acrididae[1] are the predominant family of grasshoppers, comprising some 10,000 of the 11,000 species of the entire suborder Caelifera. The Acrididae are best known because all locusts (swarming grasshoppers) are of the Acrididae. The subfamily Oedipodinae is sometimes classified as a distinct family Oedipodidae in the superfamily Acridoidea. Acrididae grasshoppers are characterized by relatively short and stout antennae, and tympana on the side of the first abdominal segment.

Subfamilies and selected genera

The Orthoptera Species File lists the following (genera complete in subfamilies marked §):

Acridinae

Acrida cinerea (Acridinae)

Auth.: MacLeay, 1819 – worldwide: temperate and tropical

Caryandinae

Caryanda spuria (Caryandinae)

Auth. Yin & Liu, 1987 - Africa, Asia §

Other subfamilies C

Calliptamus italicus (Calliptaminae)
Eucoptacra anguliflava female (Coptacrinae)
Egyptian grasshopper Anacridium aegyptium (Cyrtacanthacridinae)

Subfamilies E

  • Subfamily Egnatiinae Bey-Bienko & Mistshenko, 1951 - Africa to central Asia
  • Subfamily Eremogryllinae Dirsh, 1956 - north Africa §
  • Subfamily Euryphyminae Dirsh, 1956 - Africa including Madagascar
    • Acrophymus Uvarov, 1922
    • Euryphymus Stål, 1873
    • Phymeurus Giglio-Tos, 1907
  • Subfamily Eyprepocnemidinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - Africa, mainland Europe, Asia

Gomphocerinae

Auth.: Fieber, 1853 - worldwide

Meadow grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus (Gomphocerinae)

Habrocneminae

Auth.: Yin, 1982 - Indo-China §

  • Habrocnemis Uvarov, 1930
  • Longzhouacris You & Bi, 1983
  • Menglacris Jiang & Zheng, 1994 (syn. Tectiacris Wei & Zheng, 2005)

Hemiacridinae

Auth.: Dirsh, 1956 - Africa, Asia

Incolacridinae

Auth.: Tinkham, 1940; synonyms: Incolacridini, Incolacri Tinkham, 1940 - E. Asia

Leptysminae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 – central and south America

  • Leptysma Stål, 1873
  • Leptysmina Giglio-Tos, 1894
  • Stenacris Walker, 1870

Subfamilies M

thumb|right|[[Melanoplus femurrubrum (Melanoplinae)]]

Subfamilies O

thumb|right|[[Oedipoda caerulescens (Oedipodinae)]] thumb|right|Adult female (left) and male [[Oxya yezoensis (Oxyinae: Oxyini)]]

Pauliniinae

Auth.: Hebard, 1923 - South America §

  • Paulinia Blanchard, 1843

Pezotettiginae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 §

Pezotettix giornae (Pezotettiginae)
  • Pezotettix Burmeister, 1840 - Europe and W Asia
  • Sphenophyma Uvarov, 1934 - Middle East

Proctolabinae

Auth.: Amédégnato, 1974 - central & south America

  • tribe Coscineutini Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (monotypic)
  • tribe Proctolabini Amédégnato, 1974

Rhytidochrotinae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - Panama to Brazil

Rhytidochrota risaraldae
  • Rhytidochrota Stål, 1873

Spathosterninae

Auth.: Rehn, 1957 §

  • Laxabilla L. smaragdina Sjöstedt, 1934 - Australia
  • Paraspathosternum Ramme, 1929 - Africa
  • Spathosternum Krauss, 1877 - Africa & Asia

Teratodinae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - Africa & SW Asia §

  • Acrostegastes Karsch, 1896
  • Esfandiaria Popov, 1951
  • Eurynotacris Ramme, 1931
  • Kabulia Ramme, 1928
  • Lyrotyloides Bei-Bienko, 1956
  • Lyrotylus Uvarov, 1923
  • Robecchia Schulthess Schindler, 1898
  • Teratodes Brullé, 1835

Tropidopolinae

Auth.: Jacobson, 1905 - Africa, S Europe, Asia

Tropidopola cylindrica (Tropidopolinae)
  • Afroxyrrhepes Uvarov, 1943
  • Tristria Stål, 1873

Tribe and Genera not placed

  • tribe Eucopiocerini Descamps, 1975 - central America §
    • Chapulacris Descamps, 1975
    • Eucopiocera - monotypic E. rubripes Bruner, 1908
    • Halffterina Descamps, 1975
    • Leptalacris Descamps & Rowell, 1978 - monotypic L. fastigiata Descamps & Rowell, 1978
  • genera not placed (September 2021):
    • Atopacris: A. manabiensis Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
    • Castetsia: C. dispar Bolívar, 1902
    • Heeracris Zeuner, 1937: †H. oeningensis (Scudder, 1895)
    • Jumandiacris: J. perlata Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
    • Melliacris: M. sinensis Ramme, 1941
    • Menatacridium: †M. eocenicum Piton, 1936
    • Palandella: P. cardinalis Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
    • Pileolum: P. kirbyi Bolívar, 1917
    • Taeniopodites: †T. pardalis Cockerell, 1909
    • Tylotropidiopsis: T. abrepta Storozhenko, 1992
    • Tyrbula Scudder, 1885: 2 †spp.

See Also

List of Acrididae genera

References

  1. MacLeay WS (1821) Horae Entomologicae or Essays on the Annulose Animals 2

External links

See also Wikidata entry Q7618284.