Temporal range: Oligocene-Early Pliocene
G. G. Simpson, 1945
|Range of Borophagini based on fossil distribution|
Borophagini is a clade or tribe of the subfamily Borophaginae. This is an extinct group of terrestrial canids that were endemic and widespread throughout North America and Central America which lived during the Geringian stage of the Oligocene epoch to the Zanclean age of the Early Pliocene living 30.8—3.6 Mya existing approximately .
Subtaxa and sister taxa
With the clade comprising many genus and subtaxa, the distribution of fossil specimens for Borophagini is widespread throughout the entire continent extending from coast to coast as well as Florida to western Oregon to Panama.
- PaleoBiology Database: Borophagini, Taxonomy, Subtaxa
- Nowak, R. M., Walker's Mammals of the World. Maryland, Johns Hopkins University Press (edited volume) II, 1991
- Phylogenetic systematics of the Borophaginae
- Simpson, George Gaylord (1945). The Principles of Classification and a Classification of Mammals. Bulletin of the AMNH. 85. New York.
- Wang, Xiaoming; Tedford, Richard H.; Taylor, Beryl E. (1999). Phylogenetic systematics of the Borophaginae (Carnivora, Canidae). Bulletin of the AMNH. 243. New York.
- Wang, Xiaoming; Wideman, Benjamin C.; Nichols, Ralph; Hanneman, Debra L. (2004). "A new species of Aleurodon (Carnivora, Canidae) from the Barstovian of Montana". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24 (2): 445–452. doi:10.1671/2493.
Original source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borophagini. Read more