Medicine:Hepatitis X

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Hepatitis X

Non-A-E hepatitis, also known as hepatitis X, is an infectious disease of the liver referring to a case of viral hepatitis that cannot be attributed to hepatitis A, B, C, D, or E. The disease involves swelling and inflammation of the liver. Symptoms of non-A-E hepatitis may include tiredness, nausea, vomiting, abdomen pain, and a fever. The specific cause of non-A-E hepatitis is unknown.[1] It is considered a rare disorder.[2]


Further reading

  • Parana, R.; Andrade, Z.; Freitas, L.; Codes, L.; Santos-Jesus, R.; Cotrim, H.; Lyra, L.; Trepo, C. (2001). "Clinical, biochemical and histological features of acute non A-E hepatitis in northeastern Brazil". Journal of Hepatology 34: 179. doi:10.1016/S0168-8278(01)81533-6. 
  • Alter, Miriam J.; Gallagher, Margaret; Morris, Timothy T.; Moyer, Linda A.; Meeks, Emory L.; Krawczynski, Krzysztof; Kim, Jungsuh P.; Margolis, Harold S. (1997). "Acute Non-A–E Hepatitis in the United States and the Role of Hepatitis G Virus Infection". N Engl J Med 336 (11): 741–746. doi:10.1056/NEJM199703133361101. PMID 9052651. 
  • Paraná, Raymundo; Codes, Liana; Andrade, Zilton; De Freitas, Luiz A.R.; Santos-Jesus, Rogério; Reis, Mitermayer; Cotrim, Helma; Cunha, Simone et al. (2003). "Clinical, histologic and serologic evaluation of patients with acute non-A-E hepatitis in north-eastern Brazil: is it an infectious disease?". International Journal of Infectious Diseases 7 (3): 222–230. doi:10.1016/S1201-9712(03)90056-7. 
  • "The relationship of hepatitis X of dogs and moldy corn poisoning of swine.". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 
  • Erker, J. C.; Simons, J. N.; Muerhoff, A. S.; Leary, T. P.; Chalmers, M. L.; Desai, S. M.; Mushahwar, I. K. (1996). "Molecular cloning and characterization of a GB virus C isolate from a patient with non-A-E hepatitis". Journal of General Virology 77 (11): 2713–2720. doi:10.1099/0022-1317-77-11-2713. PMID 8922464. 
  • Fabris, Paolo; Biasin, Maria Raffaella; Infantolino, Domenico; Tositti, Giulia; Venza, Enzo; Floreani, Annarosa; Zanetti, Alessandro; Lalla, Fausto de (2000). "TTV infection in patients with acute hepatitis of defined aetiology and in acute non-A-E hepatitis". Journal of Hepatology 32 (4): 661–665. doi:10.1016/S0168-8278(00)80229-9. PMID 10782916. 
  • Leary, Thomas P.; Muerhoff, Scott; Simons, John N.; Pilot-Matias, Tami J.; Erker, James C.; Chalmers, Michelle L.; Schalauder, George G.; Dawson, George J. et al. (1996). "Sequence and genomic organization of GBV‐C: A novel member of the flaviviridae associated with human non‐A‐E hepatitis". Journal of Medical Virology 48: 60–67. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9071(199601)48:1<60::AID-JMV10>3.0.CO;2-A. PMID 8825712.