Medicine:Visual schedules

From HandWiki

Visual schedules use a series of pictures to communicate a series of activities or the steps of a specific activity.[1][2] They are often used to help children understand and manage the daily events in their lives.[3] They can be created using pictures, photographs, or written words, depending upon the ability of the child. Visual schedules are placed on a schedule board or notebook in order to provide a clear expectation for the child. Ideally, visual schedules are introduced with adult guidance that gradually decreases with time.[3][4] They are frequently introduced as a component of speech therapy, but can also be used at school and at home.[5]

A recent online survey found that 43.2% of parents of autistic children use visual schedules.[6]


  1. Bopp, K.D., et al. 2004. "Speech-language pathologists' roles in the delivery of positive behavior support for individuals with developmental disabilities." Am.J Speech Lang Pathol. 13(1):5-19.
  2. Wheeler, J.J., and S.L. Carter. 1998. "Using Visual Cues in the Classroom for Learners with Autism as a Method for Promoting Positive Behavior." B.C.Journal of Special Education v21 n3 p64-73 1998.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kimball, J.W., et al. 2003. "Lights, Camera, Action! Using Engaging Computer-Cued Activity Schedules." TEACHING Exceptional Children v36 n1 p40-45 Sep-Oct 2003.
  4. Bryan, L.C., and D.L. Gast. 2000. "Teaching on-task and on-schedule behaviors to high-functioning children with autism via picture activity schedules." J Autism Dev.Disord. 30(6):553-567.
  5. Morrison, R.S., et al. 2002. "Increasing Play Skills of Children with Autism Using Activity Schedules and Correspondence Training." Journal of Early Intervention v25 n1 p58-72 Win-Spr 2002.
  6. Green, V.A., K.A. Pituch, J. Itchon, A. Choi, M. O'Reilly, J. Sigafoos, "Internet survey of treatments used by parents of children with autism," Res Dev Disabil, 2006, 27(1):70-84.