Organization:BirdLife International

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BirdLife International
BirdLife International Logo.png
MottoPartnership for Nature and People
HeadquartersCambridge, United Kingdom
Region served
Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias
Chief executive
Patricia Zurita
Formerly called
International Council for Bird Preservation

BirdLife International is a global partnership of non-governmental organizations that strives to conserve birds and their habitats.[1] BirdLife International's priorities include preventing extinction of bird species, identifying and safeguarding important sites for birds, maintaining and restoring key bird habitats, and empowering conservationists worldwide.

It has a membership of more than 2.5 million people across 116 country partner organizations, including the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, the Wild Bird Society of Japan, the National Audubon Society and American Bird Conservancy.[2]

BirdLife International has identified 13,000 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas and is the official International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List authority for birds.[3][4] As of 2015, BirdLife International has established that 1,375 bird species (13% of the total) are threatened with extinction (critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable).[5]

BirdLife International publishes a quarterly magazine, BirdLife – The Magazine, which contains recent news and authoritative articles about birds and their conservation.[6]


A warden with a ICBP mark on his uniform on La Digue, Seychelles in the 1970s

BirdLife International was founded in 1922 as the International Council for Bird Preservation by American ornithologists T. Gilbert Pearson and Jean Theodore Delacour under the name International Committee for Bird Protection. The group was renamed International Committee for Bird Preservation in 1928, International Council for Bird Preservation in 1960, and "BirdLife International" in 1993.[7]

Global programmes

BirdLife International has nine conservation programmes implemented across Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Central Asia, the Middle East and the Pacific.[8] The programmes provide the framework for planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating conservation work and include the Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas Programme,[9] Marine Programme[10], Preventing Extinctions Programme[11][12], and Flyways Programme.[13]


  1. "BirdLife Partners". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  2. International, BirdLife. "ABC joins the flock!" (in en-us). 
  3. "Red List Authority for birds". 
  4. International, BirdLife. "Sites & Habitats (IBAs and KBAs)" (in en-us). 
  5. "Birds". 19 January 2016. 
  6. "BirdLife’s World Bird Club". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  7. "Our History". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  8. "Regions". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  9. Donald, Paul F.; Fishpool, Lincoln D. C.; Ajagbe, Ademola; Bennun, Leon A.; Bunting, Gill; Burfield, Ian J.; Butchart, Stuart H. M.; Capellan, Sofia et al. (June 2019). "Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs): the development and characteristics of a global inventory of key sites for biodiversity" (in en). Bird Conservation International 29 (2): 177–198. doi:10.1017/S0959270918000102. ISSN 0959-2709. 
  10. "New research shows sustainable fishing and conservation can coexist" (in en). 
  11. Platt, John R.. "Nextinction: Ralph Steadman Goes Gonzo for Endangered Birds" (in en). 
  12. Stevens, Cressida (2019-07-01). "New Partnership To Protect Underdog Species From Direct Threats - Four leading NGOs have joined forces through Restore Species to tackle illegal and unsustainable hunting & trade as well as poisoning of animal species worldwide." (in en-US). 
  13. "What Saudi Arabia, neighbors are doing to protect bird migratory routes in the Middle East" (in en). 2019-05-11. 

External links