Philosophy:Mujibism

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Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Mujibism (Bengali: মুজিববাদ, romanized: Mujibbad) refers to the political view held and propagated by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the architect of the liberation movement of Bangladesh.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Mujibism consists of four fundamental policies: nationalism, socialism, democracy, and secularism.[3][7][8][9][10] On 7 June 1972, he said that before the country's liberation, the slogans were the six points, now the slogans were the four pillars. When the Constitution of Bangladesh was adopted in 1972, the four pillars become the four fundamental state policies of Bangladesh.[10]

Background

Sheikh Mujib's political views were formed by his experience and participation in the liberation movements during both the British period and Pakistani period. Abdul Gaffar Chowdhury opined that though Mujib was a close political disciple of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, his political character got shape under the influence A. K. Fazlul Huq, Abul Hashim, Subhas Chandra Bose, and Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani.[11]

Principles

The four stars in the National Emblem of Bangladesh (left) and Flag of Bangladesh Awami League (right) represent the four fundamental principles Mujibism: nationalism, socialism, secularism, and democracy

Nationalism

The Shaheed Minar commemorates those sacrificed their lives to make Bengali the official language of their country.

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman believed in language-based inclusionist nationalism.[7] He believed that all Bangladeshis are Bengali. According to him, the Bengali language was the first pillar of nationalism.[7] To him, the Bengali language was the quintessential element of Bengali identity binding together a culturally diverse region. He said that he would implement Bengali in all domains of life immediately after taking power.[12] On 12 March 1975, he gave order to use Bengali in all government activities.[13]

Socialism

Socialism is the second pillar of Mujibism. He said that socialism in Bangladesh would be native and democratic.[7]

According to him, the country's wealth belongs to all the people of Bangladesh. Everybody will have share in whatever would be produced. Exploitation would be stopped.[7]

He said that the poor own the country and its all property, not the exploiters.

Democracy

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman said that we believed in democracy. The people must have democratic rights and people's consensus must determine the course of the state. The people will elect the government of the country. He also said that, power does not reside in the bullets of guns.[7] The people is power. He stated that the government stuffs and bureaucrats are the servants of the people. Opposing military governance, he said only military power cannot defend the sovereignty. It is the people who truly can defend the country. He wanted to establish socialism through democracy. He wanted to establish Bangladesh as an ideal democratic socialist country.[7]

Secularism

Secularism is the fourth pillar of Mujibism. He said, there would be no space for religious communalism.[7] He said the state would be secular but freedom of religion would be guaranteed among other democratic rights. Hindus and Muslims and all other religious group would freely perform their respective religious activities.[7]

Others

As an opponent of colonialism, Sheikh Mujib expressed solidarity with liberation movements of occupied nations in different colonies. Mujib was also pacifist and was involved in Non-Aligned Movement.

Legacy

When the Constitution of Bangladesh was adopted in 1972, the four pillars become the four fundamental state policies of Bangladesh.[10] Today nationalism, socialism, democracy, and secularism remain the fundamental state principles of the Constitution.

References

  1. Ilias, Khondakar Mohammad (1972) (in bn). Mujibbad. Samya. https://books.google.com/books?id=l3jYXwAACAAJ. 
  2. "'Father' of Bangladesh". The New York Times. 1975-01-27. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/1975/01/27/archives/father-of-bangladesh-mujibur-rahman.html. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lifschultz, Lawrence; Bird, Kai (1979). "Bangladesh: Anatomy of a Coup". Economic and Political Weekly 14 (49): 1999–2014. ISSN 0012-9976. 
  4. (in bn)Prothom Alo. https://www.prothomalo.com/opinion/article/1414521/%E0%A6%86%E0%A6%AE%E0%A6%BF-%E0%A6%86%E0%A6%B6%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%A6%E0%A7%80%E2%80%94%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%A5%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%9F%E0%A6%BF-%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%B2%E0%A6%A4%E0%A7%87-%E0%A6%AA%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%9B%E0%A6%BF-%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%BE. 
  5. Rahman, Bajlur (Manik Bhuiyan) (in bn). Mujibbad: Bastobayone Somossa o Somadhan. Dhaka: Sahitya Bilas. pp. 7. 
  6. Jahan, Rounaq (1973). "Bangladesh in 1972: Nation Building in a New State". Asian Survey 13 (2): 199–210. doi:10.2307/2642736. ISSN 0004-4687. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 Hossain, Abu Md. Delwar, ed (2013) (in bn). Bangabandhur Manobadhikar Darshon. Dhaka: National Human Rights Commission. pp. 16–25. 
  8. Blood, Peter R. (1989). "Historical Setting". in Heitzman, James; Worden, Robert. Bangladesh: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. pp. 31–32. http://countrystudies.us/bangladesh/18.htm. 
  9. Dastogir, K. A. Golam (2013) (in bn). Bangabandhur Rajnoitik Dorshon. Dhaka: Adorsho. pp. 10. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Hossain, Abu Md. Delwar, ed (2013). Bangabandhur Manobadhikar Darshon. Dhaka: National Human Rights Commission. pp. 16–25. 
  11. Chowdhury, Abdul Gaffar (2019-02-26). (in bn)Janakantha. http://web.dailyjanakantha.com/details/article/406361/ভাষা-আন্দোলনের-হক-সাহেব-ও-শেখ-সাহেব-দুই/. 
  12. (in bn)Jugantor. https://www.jugantor.com/national/19917/%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%99%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%97%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%A8%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%A7%E0%A7%81-%E0%A6%AF%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%AD%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%AC%E0%A7%87-%E0%A6%B8%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%B8%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%87-%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%82%E0%A6%B2%E0%A6%BE-%E0%A6%AD%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B7%E0%A6%BE-%E0%A6%9A%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B2%E0%A7%81%E0%A6%B0-%E0%A6%AA%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%B2%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%AA%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%BE-%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%9B%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%B2%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%A8. 
  13. (in bn)Amader Shomoy. https://www.dainikamadershomoy.com/post/184185.